Capital MetroRail train at Lakeline station.
|Owner||Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority|
|Locale||Austin, Texas, U.S.|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||9|
|Daily ridership||2,900 (weekday, Q1 2014)|
|Annual ridership||817,300 (2013)|
|Began operation||March 22, 2010|
|Operator(s)||Herzog Transit Services|
|Number of vehicles||6 Diesel-electric Stadler GTWs|
|System length||32 mi (51 km)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)
Capital MetroRail is a commuter rail system that serves the Greater Austin area in Texas, and which is owned by the Capital Metro. The Red Line, Capital Metro's first and only rail line, connects Downtown Austin with Austin's northern suburbs. The line operates on 32 miles (51 kilometers) of existing freight tracks, and serves nine stations.
After a series of delays, Capital MetroRail was inaugurated in March 2010. Daily ridership during the first nine months was approximately 800 riders per weekday, although it had doubled to 1,600 by its first anniversary. Capital Metro added additional runs during midday beginning in mid-January 2011. Capital Metro added Friday evening and Saturday afternoon and evening regularly scheduled service on March 23, 2012.
MetroRail currently has an average weekday ridership of approximately 2,500 passengers per day and is the twentieth most-ridden commuter rail system in the country out of twenty-five operational commuter rail systems.
Advocates of modern urban rail began calling on the city of Austin to develop a passenger rail system at the height of the 1970s energy crisis. When voters approved Capital Metro's creation in 1985, the agency was seen not only as the new operator of local bus services, but the developer of a future passenger rail as well. The next year, Capital Metro partnered with the City of Austin to purchase the 162-mile Giddings-to-Llano Austin and Northwestern Railroad on which the Red Line currently operates from the Southern Pacific Transportation Company with the express purpose of someday operating passenger rail on it. The purchase price was $9.3 million, of which $6 million came from a grant from the Federal Transit Administration, $0.6 million came from the City of Austin and $2.7 million came from Capital Metro. On May 20, 1998, Capital Metro acquired the City of Austin's share in the railroad for $1 million.
During the 1990s, Capital Metro faced persistent bad publicity that resulted from dysfunctional management and poor accountability. After years of inaction on passenger rail, the Texas Legislature in 1997 stepped in and ordered the public transport provider to hold an up-or-down referendum on light rail. In response, Capital Metro drew up an ambitious plan for a $1.9 billion, 52-mile system that included a north-south Red Line and an east-west Green Line.
The 2000 proposal was narrowly defeated by 2,000 votes, with most of central Austin voting in favor and suburban and exurban areas within the service area voting against the referendum. Capital Metro came back in 2004 with a significantly scaled-down version of its 2000 plan that it hoped voters in Travis County and Williamson County would find more palatable. The 2004 version was approved by 62% of voters in the service area. MetroRail was presented to voters as part of the All Systems Go Long-Range Transit Plan, which also included expanded local and express bus service. The Red Line, originally known as the Downtown/Northwest Urban Commuter Rail Service line, approved by voters was seen as a starter line that would become part of a potential comprehensive passenger rail system in the Greater Austin area. The corridor was chosen for the first line after Capital Metro's Board identified the following areas as probable areas for future growth: the Highland Mall area, the master-planned Mueller Community redevelopment project, as well as the central business district, extending from the University of Texas at Austin to Lady Bird Lake.
The organization at the time said they could have the system built by 2008 for a cost of $60 million, and borrow $30 million for six train cars to be paid back over a period of years. About $30 million of that cost, they said, would come from the federal government. However, Capital Metro never officially sought the federal money and revealed in 2010 it has spent $105 million on the system's construction, not $90 million as originally suggested. Additionally, the original 2008 launch date for Capital MetroRail was postponed two years due to multiple safety and construction issues.
Service on Capital MetroRail finally began on March 22, 2010, because of safety issues and construction delays. On December 9, 2009, Capital Metro terminated its contract with Veolia Transportation and renegotiated a contract with Herzog Transit Services.
On June 26, 2014, TxDOT awarded CapMetro with a $50 million grant for the purchase of four new rail cars, which is anticipated to double capacity, and for general improvements to the Downtown MetroRail station 
The Capital Metrorail system currently consists of Red Line, 32 miles of track that connects Leander and the Austin Convention Center in Downtown Austin. The line also passes through Cedar Park, northwest Austin, north-central Austin, and east Austin. The annual cost to operate the RedLine is $14.3 million.
Although it provides a commuter rail service, MetroRail uses tram-train operation, with semi-frequent services and street running in the downtown portions of the city. On January 18, 2011, Capital Metro added 13 additional midday trains to the previously limited schedule, as well as increased runs during peak hours. Additionally, the organization will run trains on a regular schedule Friday and Saturday starting March 23, 2012. In addition to the normal Friday schedule, trains will run hourly from 7:00pm to 12:00am and every 35 minutes from 4:00pm to 12:00am on Saturday. Prior to the regularly scheduled Friday and Saturday service Capital Metro ran weekend service for special events, such as the SXSW festival.
The Red Line
The Red Line's northern terminus is the Leander Station and Park & Ride and the southern terminus is the Downtown (Convention Center) Station. Each station features an accessible platform with varying canopy designs, ticket vending machines (TVM), bike racks, and informational displays. Its nine stations were constructed largely along existing freight rail tracks in cooperation with the City of Austin following a transit-oriented development (TOD) plan intended to encourage use of public transportation by developing mixed-use residential and commercial areas around the stations. The following Red Line stations are listed north to south:
- Leander Station and Park & Ride
- Lakeline Station and Park & Ride
- Howard Station and Park & Ride
- Burnet/Kramer Station
- Crestview Station
- Highland Station
- MLK, Jr. Station
- Plaza Saltillo Station
- Downtown/Convention Center Station
In September 2005, Stadler Rail won a bid to build six Stadler GTW diesel-electric light regional railcars for the system. Each of the vehicle's capital costs is about $6 million, and they run on 2 x 375 kW (510 Hp) = 750 kW (1020 Hp) diesel-electric engines. They are 9 feet, 8 inches (2.95 m) wide and 134 feet (41 m) long.
The vehicles have a capacity of 200 passengers, 108 seated and 92 standing. The trains have priority seating areas (fully ADA compliant) for wheelchairs. A "VIP section" with room for laptop use with WiFi access is also included. Bike racks, luggage racks, high back racks, and low floor entry for easy access are all features of what Capital Metro calls the safest and most technologically advanced trains in North America. WiFi is provided by cellular based 3G service. Capital Metro is currently researching upgrading access to 4G speeds, but is dependent on the cell carrier offering a commercial grade product that will work in Capital Metro's devices. For safety, the vehicles have ten cameras outside and six inside, as well as a sophisticated communications system.
Any potential expansion would require another referendum in the Capital Metro service area to secure funding. Capital Metro's All Systems Go Plan includes a study into potential future service. Below are a few expansions which are either in the planning process or otherwise being actively considered.
Capital Metro Green Line
In September 2008, Capital Metro evaluated the need for rail service to alleviate pressure from congestion downtown to as far east as the town of Elgin. To fix this problem, CapMetro decided to plan for adding another rail line to their service, or the Green Line. The Green Line would operate the same as the Red Line, as it would run on existing freight rails with adjustments made to them to allow for passenger rail service.
Trains would depart the red line and begin to head east in between the red line stations MLK Jr. and Plaza Saltillo, where the first stop would be a shared station with the potential Austin-Bergstrom International Airport Commuter Rail Connector. The route would then continue on to four more stations, the last of which would be in Elgin. This is where the line would end. In December 2008, a presentation, and then a follow-up, were given to the CAMPO Transit Work Group about the Green Line.
As of 2015, CapMetro has taken the first steps in the planning of a permanent downtown Gateway station for its MetroRail system. Although the current estimates for cost of the proposed terminal are $30–35 million, $22 million of this sum will come directly from a Texas Department of Transportation grant awarded to CapMetro in 2014. Proponents of the proposed station assert that this new station will not only alleviate the congestion problems associated with the current downtown MetroRail terminal, but also serve as a cultural hub wherein future residents and visitors can easily access a number of current and potential amenities, including but not limited to additional transit systems, shopping, and recreational activities.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Capital MetroRail (Austin).|
- Commuter rail in North America
- List of United States commuter rail systems by ridership
- List of rail transit systems in the United States
- Stadler GTW
- Matthew Dickens (May 21, 2014). "APTA Ridership Report - Q1 2014 Report" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association (APTA) (via: http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/RidershipArchives.aspx ). pp. 5, 26. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
- Wear, Ben (March 5, 2010). "MetroRail to begin service March 22". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- Clark-Madison, Mike (November 4, 2004). "The Little Engine That Did". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- "Data and Statistics - Fast Facts". Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Fiscal Year 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-22. Check date values in:
- "Capital MetroRail". Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- Matthew Dickens (May 13, 2011). "APTA Ridership Report - Q1 2011 Report" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association (APTA) (via: http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/RidershipArchives.aspx ). pp. 5, 24. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Werner, George C. "Austin and Northwestern Railroad". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- Clark-Madison, Mike (October 13, 2000). "The Facts So Far: Light Rail". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- "Press Release: Voters Choose Light Rail" (Press release). Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 3, 2004. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- Vess, Jessica (March 5, 2010). "Capital Metro rail to open March 22". KVUE Television. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- Wear, Ben (March 21, 2009). "Rail Opening on Indefinite Hold". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
- Wear, Ben (2010-03-22). "Challenges remain as MetroRail finally leaves station". The Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
- "Capital Metro approves new passenger & freight rail contracts". Capital MetroBlog. Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 9, 2009. Retrieved 2010-12-03.
- Wear, Ben (January 17, 2011). "Midday rail runs might add riders, but at what cost?". Austin American-Statesman. pp. B01.
- "Capital MetroRail: Schedules". Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "Capital MetroRail Stations". Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- "Stadler Wins Commuter Rail Car Award with Capital Metro" (Press release). Stadler. September 23, 2005.
- "Vehicle Information". Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 15, 2010.
- "Vehicle Information". Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 25, 2008.
- "Capital Metro, Project Connect: Gateway Stake Holder's Workshop 2". City of Austin. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "News & Announcements: Capital Metro Awarded $50 Million by TxDOT for MetroRail Improvements". CapMetro. Retrieved 27 September 2015.