Baile na Cúirte
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|Irish Grid Reference|
Courtown (Irish: Baile na Cúirte, meaning "homestead of the court"), is a village which developed after Lord Courtown ordered the construction of a harbour during the Famine years, 1839-1846. The economic boost of the new harbour led to a small village developing with fishing been the primary economy of the village. Courtown is situated on the Irish Sea coast and with the recent development during the "Celtic Tiger" years, has merged into the adjoining village of Riverchapel. It lies on the R742 regional road.
The name Courtown originally applied to a townland in North Wexford, 4 kilometres east of Gorey town. The townland was home to the seat of Lord Courtown during the 18th and 19th centuries. Courtown House was demolished in 1962. The remains of his private church and cemetery can still be seen in the townland. Today it is home to Courtown Golf Club and Kiltennel Church.
In recent years significant urbanisation has taken place, especially in Riverchapel, just south of Courtown Harbour. Large housing estates are now home to commuters working in Dublin. While the population of Courtown remains quite small, the census combines the area of Courtown, Riverchapel and Ardamine. As of the 2006 Census the population of this area was 1421.
Courtown also has a confectionary shop known as Candyland, a small ice-cream shop in the middle of the carpark opposite Flanagans amusement centre. There is also a unisex hair salon and a female hair salon called Revive as you enter into the town.
There is a bus once a day (not Sundays) to and from Gorey, departing in the morning and returning in the afternoon. On Mondays and Saturdays Bus Éireann route 379 operates and continues to Wexford via Curracloe. Route 879 operates on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays. On Wednesdays the service is provided by the Rural Roadrunner bus operated by Wexford Local Development.
The nearest station is Gorey railway station, around 7 kilometres distant.
Tourism and Accommodation
As a harbour and seaside village, there is a high tourism rate during the months of the summer (May-August). There is a variety of accommodation such as "The Harbour House B&B", "The Taravie Hotel" and "The Courtown Hotel". There are also many mobile home parks such as "Ireton's Caravan Park", "Courtown Caravan Park" and "Ardamine Holiday Park".
The name 'Courtown' dates back to 1278  but the harbour was not built until the mid 1800s as a response by Lord Courtown to the Great Famine, and cost £25,000 to complete. Courtown was by then already well known for its beaches, but the presence of the harbour made it popular as a fashionable destination, with people from Dublin and the midlands frequenting the village and beaches. Its popularity as a summer holiday resort for Dublin people increased after 1863, when the railway line from Dublin reached nearby Gorey.
- "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
- Census for post 1821 figures. Archived September 20, 2010, on Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 17, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. Volume. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 12, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
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