Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)|
|Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Deputy President||Josip Perić|
|Vice President||Stanko Primorac Marko Dražetić|
|Youth President||Ivica Skočibušić|
|Founded||25 February 1990
refounded in 1996
|Headquarters||Knez Mihajlo Višević Humski 3
Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Youth wing||Youth of Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Military wing||Croatian Defence Forces (1991 - 1992)|
|House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|National Assembly of Republika Srpska|
|Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska stranka prava Bosne i Hercegovine, HSP BiH) is parliamentary party in Bosnia and Herzegovina and represents ideology of dr. Ante Starčević. Main goals of the HSP BiH are changes of Treaty of Dayton, abolition of entities and subdivision of Bosnia and Herzegovina into territorial units.
Austrian-Hungarian authorities found foundation of the Ante Starčević's Party of Rights (Stranka prava) in the Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina undesirable. The group of Croat intellectuals thus founded Croat People's Union (Hrvatski narodni savez, HNZ) with goal to establish Starčević's party ideology. HNZ was mostly supported by peasantry, tradesmen and franciscans. Party's leader was Nikola Mandić, while other prominent members of the party were Ivo Pilar, Safvet-beg Bašagić, Hamid Ekrem Sahinović and Jozo Sunarić. Other party which used elements of Starčević's policy was Croat Catholic Association (Hrvatska katolička udruga, HKU), which was not secular party as HNZ was. Its leader was Roman Catholic bishop, Josip Stadler. HKU made good relations with Pure Party of Rights in Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia and especially in Kingdom of Dalmatia and also Catholic-Social Party in Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Party advocated political Catholicism and unification of Bosnia and Herzegovina with Croat lands.
Pilar and his associates stopped to cooperate with Catholic Association because of their political ideology, even though before that, they were in good relations to Stadler. Second reason for freezing of relations was effort of HKU to unite Bosnia and Herzegovina with Croat lands, which Bosnian Muslims and Serbs didn't approve. Since both, HNZ and HKU were part of Pan-Pravaštvo organization, both parties continued to cooperate in 1911 until the end of the World War I. On the election for Bosnian legislature in 1910, HNZ won 12 out of 16 Catholic seats, while HKU won other 4. Safvet-beg Bašagić of HNZ was also a president of the Bosnian council in 1910.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
HSP BiH was founded in 1991 as branch of Croatian Party of Rights. One of the most notable early members of the party is Blaž Kraljević, a general of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and founder of the Croatian Defence Forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina. His unit made significant efforts in defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Party's activity during War in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995) was marked by efforts of keeping unity and friendship of Croats and Bosniaks, its resistance against partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina between Republic of Croatia and FR Yugoslavia and devotion on unification of Croatian and Bosniak state. The Party's earlier political orientation was more nationalist and radical. After Croatian Democratic Union eliminated Kraljević and had political monopoly over Herzeg-Bosnia, HSP BiH was dissolved. However, party's activity was once again established in 1996.
In 2004, HSP BiH changed name in "Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina Đapić - dr. Jurišić", but in 2010, party took its earlier name.
In February 2010 it was announced that presidents of three parties, Zvonko Jurišić of HSP BiH, Milenko Brkić of Croatian People's Union (HNZ) and Petar Milić of Croatian Union of Herzeg-Bosnia (HZHB), have signed a treaty about unification of those three parties in one party under name "Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina" in Mostar.
The following is a summary of the party's results in legislative elections for the House of Representatives of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The "Total votes" and "Percentage" columns include sums of votes won by pre-election coalitions HSP had been part of and the "Total seats" column includes sums of seats won by HSP in election constituencies plus representatives of ethnic minorities affiliated with HSP.
|Election||In coalition with||Votes won||Percentage||Seats won||Change|
|(Coalition totals)||(HSP only)|
|November 1990||None||0||0||0 / 42||±0|
|September 1996||None||14,879||0,6||0 / 42||±0|
|September 1998||None||10,305||0,6||0 / 42||±0|
|November 2000||None||1366||0,07||0 / 42||±0|
|October 2002||None||4401||0,44||0 / 42||±0|
|October 2006||New Croatian Initiative||19,486||2,3||0 / 42||±0|
|October 2010||Croatian Democratic Union 1990||49,524||4,86||1 / 42||+1|
The following is a list of presidential who ran as HSP members.
- October 2006 – Zvonko Jurišić (HSP BiH) (finished fifth with 6,9% of Croat votes)
- October 2010 – Martin Raguž (Croatian Coalition) (finished third with 10,8% of Croat votes)