Daats'iin language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Daats'iin
Native to Ethiopia
Region Benishangul-Gumuz Region
Ethnicity Gumuz
Native speakers
300 (2015)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 dtn
Glottolog None

Daats'iin is a Gumuz language of western Ethiopia. It was first reported in 2013 and described by Colleen Ahland in 2014. She has described it further in 2016.[2] Of the other Gumuz languages, Daats'íin has the greatest lexical similarity to Southern Gumuz, but the two groups communicate in Arabic or Amharic.[3]

The community of speakers is in western Ethiopia, very near the Sudan border, just north of where the Blue Nile River crosses from Ethiopia into Sudan.[4]

Grammar[edit]

Daats'íin has several grammatical differences from other Gumuz languages. Verbs inflect for aspect (perfective–imperfective) rather than for tense (future–non-future). Verbs are polysynthetic in all languages, but the order of the morphemes differs in Daats'iin, and some morphemes that occur in one language do not occur in the other(s).[3] "The major constituent order in Daats'íin clauses tend to be AVO/SV."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daats'iin at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Colleen Ahland. 2016. Daatsʼíin, a newly identified undocumented language of western Ethiopia: A preliminary examination. In Doris L. Payne, Sara Pacchiarotti & Mokaya Bosire (eds.), Diversity in African languages, 417–449. Berlin: Language Science Press.
  3. ^ a b [1]
  4. ^ map on p. 419. Colleen Ahland. 2016. Daatsʼíin, a newly identified undocumented language of western Ethiopia: A preliminary examination. In Doris L. Payne, Sara Pacchiarotti & Mokaya Bosire (eds.), Diversity in African languages, 417–449. Berlin: Language Science Press.
  5. ^ p. 440. Colleen Ahland. 2016. Daatsʼíin, a newly identified undocumented language of western Ethiopia: A preliminary examination. In Doris L. Payne, Sara Pacchiarotti & Mokaya Bosire (eds.), Diversity in African languages, 417–449. Berlin: Language Science Press.