|Born||May 14, 1970|
Denver, Colorado, U.S.
|Died||September 11, 2001 (aged 31)|
|Cause of death||Stabbing|
|Education||Technion – Israel Institute of Technology (BA, BS)|
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Daniel Mark Lewin (Hebrew: דניאל "דני" מארק לוין; May 14, 1970 – September 11, 2001), sometimes spelled Levin, was an American–Israeli mathematician and entrepreneur who co-founded internet company Akamai Technologies. A passenger on board American Airlines Flight 11, it is believed that Lewin was stabbed by one of the hijackers of that flight, and was the first person murdered during the course of the attacks.
He attended the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa while simultaneously working at IBM's research laboratory in the city. While at IBM, he was responsible for developing the Genesys system, a processor verification tool that is used widely within IBM and in other companies such as Advanced Micro Devices and SGS-Thomson.
Upon receiving a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Science, summa cum laude, in 1995, he traveled to Cambridge, Massachusetts, to begin graduate studies toward a Ph.D at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1996. While there, he and his advisor, Professor F. Thomson Leighton, came up with consistent hashing, an innovative algorithm for optimizing Internet traffic. These algorithms became the basis for Akamai Technologies, which the two founded in 1998. Lewin served as the company's chief technology officer and a board member, and achieved great wealth during the height of the Internet boom.
Death and legacy
Lewin was reportedly stabbed aboard American Airlines Flight 11 as it was hijacked during the September 11 attacks. A 2001 FAA memo suggests he may have been stabbed by Satam al-Suqami after attempting to foil the hijacking. According to the FAA, Lewin was seated in business class in seat 9B, close to hijackers Mohamed Atta, Abdulaziz al-Omari and al-Suqami. It was first reported that he had been shot by al-Suqami, although this assertion was later changed to a stabbing. According to the 9/11 Commission, Lewin was stabbed by one of the hijackers, probably Satam al-Suqami, who was seated directly behind him. Ong said Lewin appeared to be dead. Sweeney said that Suqami had attacked Lewin. One assumption is that Suqami attacked Lewin, unprovoked, to frighten other passengers and crew into compliance. Alternatively, the commission speculates that Lewin may have made an attempt to confront one of the hijackers in front of him, not knowing that al-Suqami was sitting just behind him. Lewin was identified as the first victim of the September 11 attacks.
After his death, the intersection of Main and Vassar Streets in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was renamed Danny Lewin Square in his honor. The award given to the best student-written paper at the ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (STOC) was also named the Danny Lewin Best Student Paper Award, in his honor. In 2011, on the tenth anniversary of his death, Lewin's contributions to the Internet were memorialized by friends and colleagues.
Lewin is the subject of the 2013 biography No Better Time: The Brief, Remarkable Life of Danny Lewin, the Genius Who Transformed the Internet by Molly Knight Raskin.
- 1995 – Technion named him the year's Outstanding Student in Computer Engineering.
- 1998 – Morris Joseph Levin Award for Best Masterworks Thesis Presentation at MIT.
- Leopold, Todd (September 11, 2013). "The legacy of Danny Lewin, the first man to die on 9/11". CNN.
- Sisk, Richard; el-Faizy, Monique (July 24, 2004). "Ex-Israeli commando tried to halt unfolding hijacking". Daily News. New York City. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
- Liel Leibovitz (11 September 2013). "Remembering Tech Titan Danny Lewin, the Fighting Genius on Flight 11". Tablet.
- Weiss, Efrat (12 September 2001). "Daniel was a very special man". Yedioth Ahronoth (in Hebrew). Ynet!. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "Akamai Remembers Danny Lewin". Akamai Technologies. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- Leighton, Tom (2002). "Remarks made by Tom Leighton to commemorate the naming of the STOC Best Student Paper Award in honor of the late Daniel Lewin". University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- דני לוין, מייסד אקאמאי ובוגר הטכניון, ברשימת העשירים הצעירים (in Hebrew). Globes. 3 April 2001. Archived from the original on 15 November 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "UPI hears..." United Press International. 6 March 2002. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- Nickisch, Curt (8 September 2011). "Cambridge Co. Keeps Founder's Spirit Alive After 9/11". WBUR 90.9 Boston's National Public Radio News Station. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- Sheehy, Gail (February 15, 2004). "'Stewardess ID'd Hijackers Early, Transcripts Show' burden". New York Observer. Archived from the original on December 7, 2007. Retrieved Sep 30, 2010.
- "'We Have Some Planes'". National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. July 2004. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
- Ron Jager, Danny Lewin: The First Victim Of 9/11 Archived 2011-10-17 at the Wayback Machine, 5TJT, September 8, 2011
- "Volume 122, Issue 47". The Tech. MIT. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- Sitaraman, Ramesh (September 11, 2011). "9/11: A Personal Remembrance". University of Massachusetts Amherst.
- Bray, Hiawatha Bray (September 4, 2011). "A lost spirit still inspires". The Boston Globe.
- "South Pool: Panel N-75 - Daniel M. Lewin". National September 11 Memorial & Museum. Archived from the original on July 27, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daniel M. Lewin.|
- Akamai Remembers Danny Lewin, Akamai Technologies.
- Akamai thrives in the spirit of its lost founder, Boston Globe, September 4, 2011.
- 9/11: A Personal Remembrance by Prof.Ramesh Sitaraman, September 11, 2011.
- Consistent hashing for relieving hot spots on the world wide web, Akamai Technologies.
- Daniel was an inspiration, Ynetnews.
- The Akamai Network: A Platform for High-Performance Internet Applications, Erik Nygren, Ramesh K. Sitaraman, and Jennifer Sun, ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review, Vol. 44, No.3, July 2010.
- Daniel Mark Lewin at Find a Grave