David Gilbert (activist)

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David Gilbert
Born (1944-10-06) October 6, 1944 (age 77)
EducationColumbia University
Criminal charge(s)robbery, felony murder:
  • three counts of second-degree Murder
  • four counts of first-degree Robbery[1]
Criminal penalty75-years-to-life sentence
Criminal status
Partner(s)Kathy Boudin
ChildrenChesa Boudin

David Gilbert (born October 6, 1944) is an American activist who was sentenced in 1983 in Rockland County, New York to a term of 75 years-to-life on three counts of homicide. Gilbert was a founding member of the Columbia University chapter of Students for a Democratic Society and became a member of the Weather Underground, a far-left militant organization.[2] In October 1981, he participated in the armed robbery of a Brink's armored vehicle, along with members of the Black Liberation Army, members of the May 19 Communist Organization, fellow Weather Underground member Kathy Boudin and others. Although he was an unarmed getaway driver, Gilbert was convicted under New York’s felony murder law in the deaths of two Nyack police officers and a Brink's guard who were killed in the robbery.[3]

Gilbert received a grant of clemency from Governor Andrew Cuomo on August 23, 2021, reducing his minimum term from 75 years to 40, making him eligible to appear before the parole board in October 2021 and seek a conditional release.[4] He was granted parole on October 26, 2021,[5] and released on November 4, 2021.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Gilbert grew up in a Jewish family in Brookline, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. He was an Explorer Scout, and his father was Post Leader, of a South Brookline Explorer Post. Inspired in his teens by the Greensboro sit-ins and other events of the Civil Rights Movement, he joined the Congress of Racial Equality at age seventeen. He entered Columbia University in 1962. In March 1965, Gilbert founded the Independent Committee on Vietnam (ICV) at Columbia. Later, in the same year, he co-founded the Columbia chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) which merged with ICV in the Fall of 1966, even though there was already an SDS chapter established at Columbia, formed in the early 1960s. The SDS chapter founded by Gilbert became renowned.[7]

He traveled regularly to Harlem while working as a tutor, and saw Malcolm X speak at Barnard College in February 1965, experiences he describes as formative. Gilbert was one of the attendees at the Flint War Council known to the FBI.[8]

Career[edit]

After graduating from Columbia University in June 1966,[9] Gilbert spent most of his days and evenings during the fall of 1967 downtown, attending graduate school at the New School for Social Research, building an SDS chapter there, or attending meetings at the New York SDS Regional Office. In addition, Gilbert spent his spare time studying Marx's Kapital and writing New Left theoretical papers on imperialism and U.S. domestic consumption, consumerism and "the new working-class". At Columbia, the SDS expanded during the Spring 1967 term. Gilbert returned to the Columbia campus to offer a "radical education counter-course" for Columbia SDS freshmen and sophomores in a lounge in Ferris Booth Hall.[citation needed]

Known by the late 1960s primarily as a young theorist, publishing articles in New Left Notes and other movement publications, he went on to play an organizing role in the April–May 1968 Columbia student strike. On April 4, 1968, Gilbert was arrested for the first time, after joining a disturbance where 6 officers were engaged in a physical altercation with a protester. Gilbert's charge was assaulting a police officer. Gilbert maintained that the officer scraped his hand when he tried to hit Gilbert in the head with his baton. His lawyer advised him to take a plea bargain, and Gilbert pleaded guilty to disorderly conduct and was fined $50.[10]

During the Columbia strike, which began on April 23, 1968, Gilbert served as part of the strike team. Having good relations with some of the faculty, he was called on to be a negotiator. At the time of the strike he was still a graduate student at the New School for Social Research.[11] In October 1969, he headed a Weather Underground collective in Denver and was arrested twice. The first arrest occurred while he was passing out leaflets in front of a community college and his comrades were inside setting off a smoke bomb. The second arrest led to a charge of "assault with a deadly weapon" after arresting officers found a rock in his pocket.[12]

Weather Underground[edit]

In 1969, SDS split into different ideological factions and the Weathermen emerged, its purpose being to promote armed struggle among young white Americans in support of the Black Panthers and other militant groups, and also to oppose the war in Vietnam by means of activities intended to "Bring the War Home". Gilbert joined this group in 1969 with his friend Ted Gold, who later died in the March 1970 Greenwich Village townhouse explosion, along with fellow Weather members Diana Oughton and Terry Robbins. The group became clandestine, and the organization was renamed the Weather Underground. When Weather went underground, members often used money they already had or which they received from their family to fund their efforts. Gilbert cashed in his Israel bonds and half of that money went to supporting Weather and the other half was put into the Black Panther bail fund.[13]

Gilbert joined the Bay Area collective,[clarification needed] living in a San Francisco apartment. He and another member were working on one of the group's cars in spring of 1971 when they were approached by two men in suits claiming to be real-estate agents. The men asked a few questions and then left. Gilbert suspected that these men were actually FBI agents looking for information. After several group meetings, they decided to reduce their radical activities for a while.[14]

As support for the group began to wane on the left, the pace of their activities slowed, and some members of the Weather Underground resurfaced in late 1976 and early 1977. Gilbert resurfaced briefly in Denver, Colorado, between 1977 and 1979. He had helped organize a Weather collective there in October 1969. Before surfacing, he managed to get his criminal charges dropped, so he did not face any potential legal penalties. Gilbert, however, did not believe it was in the best interests of the movement for him to resurface.[15] Most Weather members were not prosecuted and did not serve time in prison, despite having been sought by the police for years; police misconduct led to the dropping of many charges (see: COINTELPRO). Still, Gilbert opted to continue his life underground. Gilbert and his then-partner, Kathy Boudin, remained active in the Weather Underground, even following the birth of their son, Chesa Boudin, in August 1980.[16]

Brink's robbery[edit]

In the late 1970s or early 1980s Gilbert and other white activists joined the RATF (Revolutionary Armed Task Force), an alliance of white revolutionaries with, and under the leadership of, the RATF unit of the Black Liberation Army (BLA). On October 20, 1981, the RATF participated, along with several members of the BLA, in an armed robbery of a Brink's armored car at the Nanuet Mall, near Nyack, New York.[16]

While Gilbert and Boudin acted as the getaway vehicle driver and lookout in a waiting U-Haul truck in a nearby parking lot, armed BLA members took another vehicle to the mall, where a Brink's truck was making a delivery. They confronted the guards, and a shootout ensued, wounding guard Joe Trombino after he fired one shot, and killing his co-worker, Peter Paige.[17] The robbers then took $1.6 million in cash and raced to transfer this into the waiting U-Haul. The truck was soon stopped by a police roadblock.[citation needed]

Two police officers, Waverly L. Brown and Edward J. O'Grady, were killed in the shootout. Gilbert fled the area with other RATF and BLA members but was caught by police that day. He was convicted and sentenced in 1983 to 75 years for three counts of felony murder.[citation needed]

Imprisonment[edit]

While confined at the maximum security Auburn Correctional Facility in Cayuga County, New York during the early years of his sentence, Gilbert in 1987 co-founded an inmate peer education program on HIV and AIDS, and a similar, more successful project in Great Meadows Prison in Comstock following his transfer to the eastern part of the state.[citation needed]

Gilbert served his sentence in various New York prisons, being last incarcerated at the Shawangunk Correctional Facility, just outside Wallkill, New York.[18]

Commutation of sentence[edit]

On August 23, 2021, his last day in office, Governor Andrew Cuomo granted Gilbert clemency in the form of a partial sentence commutation. The commutation of Gilbert's minimum sentence from 75 years to the 40 years he served by October 2021 did not constitute a pardon or reduce the sentence to time served but did make Gilbert eligible to appear before the state's parole board.[19] The board announced on October 26, 2021, that it had granted Gilbert parole, effective in November 2021.[20] Gilbert was released on November 4, 2021.[21]

Writings[edit]

David Gilbert co-wrote the pamphlet U.S. Imperialism with David Loud. The pamphlet was used across the country as a study guide by SDSers. Gilbert co-wrote an article entitled "Praxis and the New Left". It appeared in the first issue of Praxis on February 13, 1967. The article, co-written with Bob Gottlieb and Gerry Tenney, was part of a longer position paper called the "Port Authority Statement".[22][23]

There is a mini-biography on David Gilbert on page 312 of the book Outlaws of America: The Weather Underground and the Politics of Solidarity, by Dan Berger.[24]

In an article published in the Columbia Daily Spectator on April 2, 1983, Bob Feldman wrote: "Beyond Brinks: David Gilbert Talks About the Robbery, the Underground, the Struggle".[25]

Gilbert was one of a small group that edited and rewrote Bill Ayers' initial draft of Prairie Fire.[26] Explaining the book's purpose, Gilbert said, "We needed something to re-mobilize us, we needed to have an organization to fight imperialism."[27]

Gilbert's political memoir, Love And Struggle: My Life in SDS, the Weather Underground and Beyond was published in 2012 by PM Press.[28]

Personal life[edit]

Gilbert had a son with fellow Weather Underground member Kathy Boudin, in New York City in 1980.[29][30] When Gilbert and Boudin were arrested for the Brink's robbery, their 14-month-old son, Chesa Boudin, was raised in Chicago by adoptive parents Bill Ayers and Bernardine Dohrn, who, like his parents, had been members of the Weather Underground.[29][31][32] After working as a public defender, in 2019, Chesa was elected District Attorney of San Francisco.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Governor Cuomo Grants Clemency to Six Individuals" (Press release). Albany, NY: Governor Andrew Cuomo. 2021-08-23. Archived from the original on 2021-08-23. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  2. ^ "Weather Underground Bombings". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  3. ^ Megan Cassidy (August 23, 2021). "Chesa Boudin's father, David Gilbert, granted clemency by Cuomo". San Francisco Chronicle.
  4. ^ Cutler, Nancy; Lieberman, Steve. "Cuomo commutes sentence of Brinks robbery-murder convict David Gilbert". lohud. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  5. ^ "'70s radical David Gilbert granted parole in Brink's robbery". AP NEWS. October 26, 2021.
  6. ^ "David Gilbert Describes Journey From Activist to Brink's Robbery Role at Parole Hearing". NBC New York. 2021-12-31. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  7. ^ Berger, Dan (2006). Outlaws of America: The Weather Underground and the Politics of Solidarity. AK Press. p. 25. ISBN 9781904859413.
  8. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation. (1976). Weather Underground organization; retrieved through FOIA pp. 382–83
  9. ^ "Columbia Spectator 7 February 2012 — Columbia Spectator". spectatorarchive.library.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2021-12-01.
  10. ^ Berger 2006, p. 41
  11. ^ Berger 2006, p. 52
  12. ^ Berger 2006, p. 104
  13. ^ Berger 2006, p. 156
  14. ^ Berger 2006, p. 157
  15. ^ Berger 2006, p. 243
  16. ^ a b [1], AT HOME WITH: "Bernadine Dohrn; Same Passion, New Tactics"], nytimes.com, November 18, 1993.
  17. ^ [2], AMBUSH: THE BRINKS ROBBERY OF 1981.
  18. ^ NY Prisoner Search, http://nysdoccslookup.doccs.ny.gov/, October 27, 2021
  19. ^ Bureau, Capitol (2021-08-23). "Cuomo commutes sentence of radical who took part in '81 robbery". Times Union. Archived from the original on 2021-08-23. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  20. ^ "'70s radical David Gilbert granted parole in Brink's robbery". AP NEWS. October 26, 2021.
  21. ^ "David Gilbert Describes Journey From Activist to Brink's Robbery Role at Parole Hearing". NBC New York. 2021-12-31. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  22. ^ Berger 2006, pp. 38, 40
  23. ^ Gilbert, David and David Loud. U.S. Imperialism. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), 1968.
  24. ^ Berger 2006, p. 312
  25. ^ Bob Feldman (April 2, 1983). "Beyond Brinks: David Gilbert Talks About the Robbery, the Underground, the Struggle". Columbia Daily Spectator.
  26. ^ Weather Underground (January 1974). Prairie Fire.
  27. ^ Berger 2006, pp. 185, 191
  28. ^ Larry Hannant (Fall 2013). "Love and Struggle: My Life in SDS, the Weather Underground, and Beyond by David Gilbert (review)". Labour / Le Travail. Project Muse. 72 (1): 386–388.
  29. ^ a b Heyman, J.D. (December 23, 2002). "Free Thinker". People Magazine. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  30. ^ Wilgoren, Jodi (December 9, 2002). "From a Radical Background, A Rhodes Scholar Emerges". The New York Times. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
  31. ^ Evan Sernoffsky (January 15, 2019). "Chesa Boudin, son of imprisoned radicals, looks to become SF district attorney". San Francisco Chronicle.
  32. ^ Paul, Deanna (November 2, 2019). "After decades visiting his parents in prison, this lawyer wants to be San Francisco's next DA". Washington Post. Retrieved November 4, 2019.

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