Decene

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1-Decene
1-decene.svg
Dec-1-ene.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Dec-1-ene
Other names
Alpha Olefin C10; Decylene; α-Decene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.011.654
UNII
Properties
C10H20
Molar mass 140.27 g·mol−1
Density 0.74 g/cm3[1]
Melting point −66.3 °C (−87.3 °F; 206.8 K)[1]
Boiling point 172 °C (342 °F; 445 K)[1]
Related compounds
Related Alkenes
Octene
Nonene
Undecene
Dodecene
Related compounds
Decane
Decanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Decene /dɛkn/ is an alkene with the formula C
10
H
20
. Decene contains a chain of ten carbon atoms with one double bond. There are many isomers of decene depending on the position and geometry of the double bond. 1-Decene is the only isomer of industrial importance. As an alpha olefin, it is used as a monomer in copolymers and is an intermediate in the production of epoxides, amines, oxo alcohols, synthetic lubricants, synthetic fatty acids, and alkylated aromatics.[2]

The industrial processes used in the production of 1-decene are oligomerization of ethylene by the Ziegler Process or by the cracking of petrochemical waxes.[3]

1-Decene has been isolated from the leaves and rhizome of the plant Farfugium japonicum and has been detected as the initial product in the microbial degradation of n-decane.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Record in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  2. ^ 1-Decene (Alpha Olefin C10), ineosoligomers.com
  3. ^ Alfa Olefins, SIDS Initial Assessment Report

External links[edit]

  • Entry C872059 in Linstrom, Peter J.; Mallard, William G. (eds.); NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database Number 69, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg (MD), http://webbook.nist.gov