Panama Conference (1939)

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Preliminary map of the maritime security zone created by the Declaration of Panama, based on straight lines between points about 300 nautical miles offshore.

The Panama Conference was a meeting by representatives of the United States and twenty other American states held in Panama on September 23, 1939, shortly after the beginning of World War II in Europe.

The participants divided themselves into three sub-committees to discuss neutrality, the maintenance of peace in the area, and economic cooperation. At the end of its deliberations the conference issued the Panama Declaration, which confirmed the neutrality of the participants, banned belligerent submarines from entering their ports, demanded the cessation of subversive activities within their countries, and announced the formation of a maritime security zone which was to extend over 300 nautical miles (560 km) on either side of the American continent, except for Canada and the colonies and possessions of European states.[1] It was this area that was subsequently policed by the Neutrality Patrol.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Foreign Relations, 1939, Volume V (PDF) (Report). U.S. Department of State. 1939. p. 35-37. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Panama Conference: Information from". Retrieved 8 April 2013.

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