Descurainia sophia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Descurainia sophia
Descurainia sophia eF.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Descurainia
Species: D. sophia
Binomial name
Descurainia sophia
(L.) Webb ex Prantl[1]

Sisymbrium sophia L.

Descurainia sophia is a member of the mustard family.[1] Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard.[2] It reproduces by seeds. Its stem is erect, branched, and 4 to 30 inches high.[3] It was once given to patients suffering from dysentery and called by ancient herbalists Sophia Chirurgorum, "The Wisdom of Surgeons," on account of its healing properties.[4] It is the type species of the genus Descurainia and of the rejected genus Sophia Adans.[5][6]

In German, it is called the Sophienkraut and associated with Saint Sophia of Rome, who was invoked against late frosts.[7]