Descurainia sophia

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Descurainia sophia
Descurainia sophia eF.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
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Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
D. sophia
Binomial name
Descurainia sophia
Synonyms

Sisymbrium sophia L.

Descurainia sophia is a member of the mustard family.[1] Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard.[2] It reproduces by seeds. It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta.[3] Its stem is erect, branched, and 4–30 in (10–76 cm) high.[4] It was once given to patients suffering from dysentery and called by ancient herbalists Sophia Chirurgorum, "The Wisdom of Surgeons".[5] It is the type species of the genus Descurainia and of the rejected genus Sophia Adans.[6][7]

Culinary use[edit]

In Iran, the seeds are called khak-e shir (khakshir), and khak-e shir drinks are traditionally favored as thirst quencher during hot summer days. Khakshir is also considered a medicinal substance in traditional Iranian medicine, consumed in varying combinations with other herbs and substances to gain effects ranging from antidiuretic to aphrodisiac.

Cultural[edit]

In German, it is called the Sophienkraut and associated with Saint Sophia of Rome, who was invoked against late frosts.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 12 November 2014 – via The Plant List.
  2. ^ "Descurainia sophia". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  3. ^ http://www.agric.gov.ab.ca/soil/survey-reports/ab11/ab11_report.pdf Wyatt, Newton, Bowser and Odynsky, 1942. Soil Survey of Blackfoot and Calgary Sheets
  4. ^ "Flixweed". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
  5. ^ botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Mustards
  6. ^ Index Nominum Genericorum
  7. ^ Tropicos
  8. ^ Ekkart Sauser (1995). "Sophia von Rom". In Bautz, Traugott (ed.). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 10. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 807–808. ISBN 3-88309-062-X.