Dii languages

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Dii
Duru
RegionCameroon
Native speakers
(60,000 cited 1982–1997)[1]
DialectsMambe’
Mamna’a
Goom
Boow
Ngbang
Phaane
Sagzee
Vaazin
Home
Nyok
Duupa
Dugun (Panõ)
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
dur – Dii
dae – Duupa
ndu – Dugun
Glottologdiic1235[2]

The Dii language is a dialect cluster in the Duru branch of Savanna languages. Yag Dii is the ethnonym.

Ethnologue lists Mambe’, Mamna’a, Goom, Boow, Ngbang, Sagzee, Vaazin, Home, Nyok as dialects, and notes that Goom may be a separate language. Blench (2004) lists them all, as well as Phaane, as separate languages, no closer to each other than they are to the other Dii languages, Duupa, Dugun (Panõ).

Writing System[edit]

Alphabet
Uppercase letters
A B Ɓ D E Ɛ Ə F G Gb H I Ɨ L M ʼM Mb Mgb N ʼN Nd Nz Ŋ Ŋg O Ɔ R S U Ʉ V Vb W ʼW Y ʼY Z
Lowercase letters
a b ɓ d e ɛ ə f g gb h i ɨ l m ʼm mb mgb n ʼn nd nz ŋ ŋg o ɔ r s u ʉ v vb w ʼw y ʼy z

Nasalisation is indicated with a cedilla : ‹a̧, ȩ, ə̧, i̧, o̧, u̧› ; The vowels ‹ɨ, ɔ, ʉ› cannot be nasalized.

The tones are indicated by accents:

  • The high tone is indicated by an acute accent: ‹á, á̧, é, ȩ́, ə́, ə̧́, í, í̧, ɨ́, ó, ó̧, ɔ́, ú, ú̧, ʉ́› ;
  • The low tone is indicated by a grave accent: ‹à, à̧, è, ȩ̀, ə̀, ə̧̀, ì, ì̧, ɨ̀, ò, ò̧, ɔ̀, ù, ù̧, ʉ̀› ;
  • The average tone is indicated by no diacritic: ‹a, a̧, e, ȩ, ə, ə̧, i, i̧, ɨ, o, o̧, ɔ, u, u̧, ʉ›.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dii at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Duupa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Dugun at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Diic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.