Division of Wentworth
|Area||38 km2 (14.7 sq mi)|
The Division of Wentworth is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. It was proclaimed in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. The division is named after William Charles Wentworth (1790–1872), an Australian explorer and statesman. In 1813 he accompanied Blaxland and Lawson on their crossing of the Blue Mountains.
Wentworth is the second-smallest geographical electoral division in the Parliament with an area of just 38 square kilometres (15 sq mi), covering Woolloomooloo along the southern shore of Sydney Harbour to Watsons Bay and down the coast to Clovelly—an area largely coextensive with Sydney's Eastern Suburbs. The western boundary runs along Oxford Street, Flinders Street and South Dowling Street, then eastward along Alison Road to Randwick Racecourse and Clovelly Beach. It includes the suburbs of Bellevue Hill, Ben Buckler, Bondi, Bondi Beach, Bondi Junction, Bronte, Centennial Park, Darling Point, Double Bay, Dover Heights, Edgecliff, Moore Park, North Bondi, Paddington, Point Piper, Queens Park, Rose Bay, Rushcutters Bay, Tamarama, Vaucluse, Watsons Bay, Waverley, and Woollahra; as well as parts of Clovelly, Darlinghurst, East Sydney, Elizabeth Bay, Kings Cross, Potts Point, and Randwick.
Historically considered a safe seat for the Liberal Party of Australia, Wentworth is one of only two original federation divisions in New South Wales, along with the Division of North Sydney, which have never been held by the Australian Labor Party, though Labor candidate Jessie Street came within 1.6 percent of winning Wentworth at the 1943 election landslide. The electorate is the nation's wealthiest, contains the nation's largest Jewish population and contains the nation's fifth-largest number of same-sex couples.
The previous member for Wentworth since the 2004 election was Malcolm Turnbull, Prime Minister of Australia from September 2015 until August 2018. Both Turnbull and a previous member John Hewson had been Opposition Leaders, with both taking the leadership of the Liberal Party in their respective second terms as members for Wentworth.
In August 2018, a challenge by Peter Dutton led to two Liberal leadership spills. Following the second spill on 24 August 2018, Treasurer Scott Morrison defeated Dutton in a leadership ballot. Turnbull did not nominate as a candidate, and immediately resigned as Prime Minister. On 31 August 2018 Turnbull resigned from Parliament, triggering a 2018 Wentworth by-election, which was won by independent candidate Kerryn Phelps.
|Sir William McMillan||Free Trade||1901–1903|
|Willie Kelly||Free Trade, Anti-Socialist||1903–1909|
|Sir Eric Harrison||United Australia||1931–1944|
|Christian Democrats||Beresford Thomas||901||1.07||+0.62|
|Total formal votes||84,092||94.87||+0.60|
- William Bowe. "2018 Wentworth by-election". The Poll Bludger. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
- Hutchens, Gareth (2018-08-27). "Malcolm Turnbull to trigger byelection by quitting parliament on Friday". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- 2018 Wentworth by-election guide: Antony Green ABC
- Commentary, 2018 Wentworth by-election: Antony Green ABC
- Wentworth, NSW, Virtual Tally Room 2016, Australian Electoral Commission.