Division of Wentworth

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Wentworth
Division of WENTWORTH 2016.png
Division of Wentworth in New South Wales, as of the 2016 federal election.
Created1901
MPAllegra Spender
PartyIndependent
NamesakeWilliam Charles Wentworth
Electors103,709 (2022)
Area38 km2 (14.7 sq mi)
DemographicInner metropolitan

The Division of Wentworth is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.

History[edit]

William Charles Wentworth, the division's namesake

The division was proclaimed in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. The division is named after William Charles Wentworth (1790–1872), an Australian explorer and statesman. In 1813 he accompanied Blaxland and Lawson on their crossing of the Blue Mountains.

Historically considered a safe seat for the Liberal Party of Australia, Wentworth is one of only two original federation divisions in New South Wales, along with the Division of North Sydney, which have never been held by the Australian Labor Party, though Labor candidate Jessie Street came within 1.6 percent of winning Wentworth at the 1943 election landslide. The electorate is the nation's wealthiest, contains the nation's largest Jewish population and contains the nation's fifth-largest number of same-sex couples.[1]

Its most prominent member was Malcolm Turnbull, who served as Prime Minister of Australia from September 2015 until August 2018. Other prominent members have included Sir Eric Harrison, who was the first Deputy of the Liberal Party; Les Bury and Bob Ellicott, who both served as prolific ministers in successive Liberal governments of the 1960s and 1970s; Peter Coleman, who had served as New South Wales Opposition Leader from 1977 until he lost his seat in the 1978 state election; and John Hewson, who served as Opposition Leader from 1990 to 1994, and who like Turnbull after him served as the federal Liberal leader whilst in his second term as the MP for Wentworth.

In August 2018, a challenge by Peter Dutton led to two Liberal leadership spills. Following the second spill on 24 August 2018, Treasurer Scott Morrison defeated Dutton in a leadership ballot. Turnbull did not nominate as a candidate, and immediately resigned as Prime Minister. On 31 August 2018 Turnbull resigned from Parliament,[2] triggering the 2018 Wentworth by-election on 20 October 2018,[3] which was won by independent candidate Kerryn Phelps.[4] Phelps lost her seat to Dave Sharma in the 2019 Australian federal election.

Dave Sharma lost the seat in the May 2022 Australian federal election to "teal independent" Allegra Spender.

Boundaries[edit]

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[5]

Wentworth is the second-smallest geographical electoral division in the Parliament with an area of just 38 square kilometres (15 sq mi), covering Woolloomooloo along the southern shore of Sydney Harbour to Watsons Bay and down the coast to Clovelly—an area largely coextensive with Sydney's Eastern Suburbs. The western boundary runs along Oxford Street, Flinders Street and South Dowling Street, then eastward along Alison Road to Randwick Racecourse and Clovelly Beach. It includes the suburbs of Bellevue Hill, Ben Buckler, Bondi, Bondi Beach, Bondi Junction, Bronte, Centennial Park, Darling Point, Double Bay, Dover Heights, Edgecliff, Moore Park, North Bondi, Paddington, Point Piper, Queens Park, Rose Bay, Rushcutters Bay, Tamarama, Vaucluse, Watsons Bay, Waverley and Woollahra; as well as parts of Clovelly, Darlinghurst, East Sydney, Elizabeth Bay, Kings Cross, Potts Point and Randwick.

Members[edit]

Image Member Party Term Notes
  William McMillan - Johnstone O'Shannessy (cropped).jpg Sir William McMillan
(1850–1926)
Free Trade 29 March 1901
23 November 1903
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Burwood. Retired
  William Henry Kelly.jpg Willie Kelly
(1877–1960)
Free Trade 16 December 1903
1906
Served as minister under Cook. Retired
  Anti-Socialist 1906 –
26 May 1909
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
17 February 1917
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
3 November 1919
  Walter Marks 1929 (cropped).jpg Walter Marks
(1875–1951)
Nationalist 13 December 1919
September 1929
Lost seat
  Independent Nationalist September 1929 –
2 December 1929
  Australian 2 December 1929 –
September 1930
  Independent September 1930 –
7 May 1931
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
19 December 1931
  Eric John Harrison.jpg (Sir) Eric Harrison
(1892–1974)
United Australia 19 December 1931
21 February 1945
Served as minister under Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden. Resigned to become the High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
  Liberal 21 February 1945 –
17 October 1956
  Les Bury.jpg Les Bury
(1913–1986)
Liberal 8 December 1956
11 April 1974
Served as minister under Menzies, Holt, McEwen, Gorton and McMahon. Lost preselection and retired
  Bob Ellicott 1970.jpg Bob Ellicott
(1927–)
Liberal 18 May 1974
17 February 1981
Served as minister under Fraser. Resigned to become a judge on the Federal Court
  Peter Coleman, June 2012, His Home (cropped).jpg Peter Coleman
(1928–2019)
Liberal 11 April 1981
5 June 1987
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Fuller. Retired
  John Hewson 2016 01.jpg John Hewson
(1946–)
Liberal 11 July 1987
28 February 1995
Served as Opposition Leader from 1990 to 1994. Resigned to retire from politics
  No image.svg Andrew Thomson
(1961–)
Liberal 8 April 1995
8 October 2001
Served as minister under Howard. Lost preselection and retired
  Peter King.png Peter King
(1952–)
Liberal 10 November 2001
3 September 2004
Lost preselection and then lost seat
  Independent 3 September 2004 –
9 October 2004
  Malcolm Turnbull PEO (cropped).jpg Malcolm Turnbull
(1954–)
Liberal 9 October 2004
31 August 2018
Served as minister under Howard and Abbott. Served as Opposition Leader from 2008 to 2009. Served as Prime Minister from 2015 to 2018. Resigned to retire from politics
  Kerryn Phelps 2012 interview.jpg Kerryn Phelps
(1957–)
Independent 20 October 2018
18 May 2019
Lost seat
  Dave Sharma (1).jpg Dave Sharma
(1975–)
Liberal 18 May 2019
21 May 2022
Lost seat
  No image.svg Allegra Spender Independent 21 May 2022
present
Incumbent

Election results[edit]

2022 Australian federal election: Wentworth[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Dave Sharma 35,995 40.48 −6.96
Independent Allegra Spender 31,810 35.77 +35.77
Labor Tim Murray 9,654 10.86 −0.09
Greens Dominic Wy Kanak 7,410 8.33 +0.80
United Australia Natalie Dumer 1,813 2.04 +1.34
Liberal Democrats Daniel Lewkovitz 1,346 1.51 +1.51
One Nation Dean Fisher 895 1.01 +1.01
Total formal votes 88,923 97.50 +0.49
Informal votes 2,277 2.50 −0.49
Turnout 91,200 87.93 −1.47
Notional two-party-preferred count
Liberal Dave Sharma 49,727 55.92 −3.93
Labor Tim Murray 39,196 44.08 +3.93
Two-candidate-preferred result
Independent Allegra Spender 48,186 54.19 +54.19
Liberal Dave Sharma 40,737 45.81 −5.50
Independent gain from Liberal  

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Bowe. "2018 Wentworth by-election". The Poll Bludger. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  2. ^ Hutchens, Gareth (27 August 2018). "Malcolm Turnbull to trigger byelection by quitting parliament on Friday". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  3. ^ 2018 Wentworth by-election guide: Antony Green ABC
  4. ^ Commentary, 2018 Wentworth by-election: Antony Green ABC
  5. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  6. ^ Wentworth, NSW, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°52′59″S 151°15′11″E / 33.883°S 151.253°E / -33.883; 151.253