Douglas Clifton Brown, 1st Viscount Ruffside
The Viscount Ruffside
|Speaker of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom|
3 March 1943 – 31 October 1951
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill|
|Preceded by||Edward FitzRoy|
|Succeeded by||William Morrison|
|Born||16 August 1879|
|Died||5 May 1958(aged 78)|
Violet Arbuthnot Wollaston
|Relations||Howard Clifton Brown (brother)|
|Children||Audrey Clifton Brown|
|Parents||James Clifton Brown|
Amelia Rowe Brown
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Douglas Clifton Brown, 1st Viscount Ruffside, Conservative Party (UK). He served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1943 to 1951. Upon stepping down as Speaker he became the Viscount Ruffside; the peerage became extinct with his death.(16 August 1879 – 5 May 1958) was a British politician who represented the
Brown was born on 16 August 1879. He was the fifth of ten children born to Amelia (née Rowe) Brown and Colonel James Clifton Brown, a Liberal Party Member of Parliament. His maternal grandparents were Charles Rowe, one of the partners in the Liverpool firm Graham, Rowe & Co., and his Lima-born wife Sarah. His elder brother was Howard Clifton Brown
His paternal grandparents were Alexander Brown and his wife Sarah Benedict Brown. His great-grandfather was the banker and merchant Sir William Brown, 1st Baronet, and his uncle was Liberal politician Sir Alexander Brown, 1st Baronet.
Clifton Brown was a lieutenant in the Lancashire Artillery when on 26 March 1902 he was commissioned a second-lieutenant in the 1st Dragoon Guards, serving in South Africa during the end of the Second Boer War. He advanced to major in the regiment, and later became a lieutenant-colonel in the Volunteer force.
Clifton Brown was the Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Hexham from 1918 to 1923 and from 1924 to 1951. He was a Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons from 1938 to 1943 and Speaker of the House of Commons from 1943 to 1951. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1941 and raised to the peerage as Viscount Ruffside, of Hexham in the County of Northumberland, in 1951.
- Audrey Clifton Brown (1908–2002), who married Harry Hylton-Foster, who became Speaker of the House of Commons. Audrey was created a life peeress as Baroness Hylton-Foster in honour of her husband in 1965.
Ruffside died in May 1958, aged 78. As there were no surviving male issue from the marriage, the viscountcy became extinct. His widow, the Viscountess Ruffside, died in November 1969, aged 87.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 155–156. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Ulrich Muecke (ed.), The Diary of Heinrich Witt Archived 25 September 2020 at the Wayback Machine (Vol. 1, pp. 101, 156–157 and 190.)
- Alfonso W. Quiroz, Corrupt Circles: A History of Unbound Graft in Peru (pp. 105–106)
- "Brown, Douglas Clifton (BRWN898DC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "No. 27419". The London Gazette. 25 March 1902. p. 2076.
- "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Hertford to Honiton". Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- leighrayment.com Privy Counsellors 1915–1968
- "No. 39408". The London Gazette. 14 December 1951. p. 6523.
- "d". Kittybrewster.com. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "Lady Hylton-Foster". The Telegraph. 5 November 2002. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Douglas Clifton Brown
- Portraits of Douglas Clifton Brown at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Richard Durning Holt
| Member of Parliament for Hexham
| Member of Parliament for Hexham
| Deputy Chairman of Ways and Means
Sir Dennis Herbert
| Chairman of Ways and Means
Hon. Edward FitzRoy
| Speaker of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Viscount Ruffside