Drenica (river)

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Drenica (Дреница)
Location
CountryKosovo
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationCrnoljeva mountain, northwest of Shtime, Kosovo
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Sitnica, southwest of Kosovo , Kosovo
 ⁃ coordinates
43°13′41″N 21°29′18″E / 43.2281°N 21.4883°E / 43.2281; 21.4883Coordinates: 43°13′41″N 21°29′18″E / 43.2281°N 21.4883°E / 43.2281; 21.4883
Length50 km (31 mi)
Basin size447 km2 (173 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionSitnicaIbarWest MoravaGreat MoravaDanubeBlack Sea

The Drenica (Serbian Cyrillic: Дреница, Albanian: Drenica) is a river in Kosovo[a], a 50 km-long right tributary to the Sitnica river. It flows entirely within Kosovo and gives its name to the surrounding Drenica region.

The Drenica originates from the central section of the Crnoljeva mountain, in Drenica region. The river originally flows to the north and receives many streams coming down from the Crnoljeva (on the left) and Goleš (from the right) mountains. The composite valley of the river is densely populated, with several large villages (Krajmirovce, Sedlare, Rusinovce, Banjica, Komorane, Donja Koretica, Dobroševac) and a small town of Glogovac, one of two regional centers of Drenica region.

At Glogovac, the Drenica receives the Vrbovačka reka from the left and forms a large elbow turn to the north to the southern slopes of the Čičavica mountain. Near the village of Veliki Belaćevac, the Drenica turns to the south but at the village of Velika Slatina makes another elbow turn to the north, splits in two arms and empties into the Sitnica near the town of Kosovo.

The Drenica belongs to the Black Sea drainage basin, drains an area of 447 km² and it is not navigable.

Notes[edit]

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 14 later withdrew their recognition.

References[edit]

  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6