Duke of Galliera

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Arms of Dukes of Galliera of the House of Orléans

Duke of Galliera is an Italian noble title that has been created several times for members of different families. The name of the title refers to the comune of Galliera, which is located in the Province of Bologna in Emilia–Romagna.


The title was first created in 1812 by Napoleon I for Josephine of Leuchtenberg, daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais (and granddaughter of Napoleon's first wife, Josephine). She kept the title even after she married Oscar, Crown Prince of Sweden. Napoleon had already given her the Palazzo Caprara in Bologna in 1807, which was renamed the Palazzo Galliera.

In 1837, after a decade of negotiations, Crown Prince Oscar sold properties attached to the dukedom to Marquis Raffaele de Ferrari of Genoa. The following year, the marquis received the title of Duke of Galliera from Pope Gregory XVI. In 1839, King Charles Albert of Sardinia confirmed the grant to the marquis and added the title of Prince of Lucedio.

With his wife, Maria Brignole-Sale, the new Duke of Galliera had three children, but two of them died young and childless. The third, the famous philatelist Philipp von Ferrary, renounced the title and the inheritance to which it was linked.

In 1877, after the death of her husband, Maria Brignole-Sale (a fervent Orléanist) bequeathed his Italian properties to Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, the youngest son of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French. After the death of Maria Brignole-Sale in 1888, Prince Antoine received the ducal title of Galliera from King Umberto I of Italy. Since then, the title of Duke of Galliera has belonged to the Orléans branch of the Spanish Royal Family, although the properties attached to the dukedom were sold by Infante Antonio in 1920.

Bernadotte-Leuchtenberg dukes[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Josephine of Sweden & Norway 1837 by Fredric Westin.jpg
14 March 1807
eldest daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais and Princess Augusta of Bavaria
19 June 1823
five children
7 June 1876
aged 69
Oscar I porträtterad 1836 av Fredric Westin.jpg
4 July 1799
only son of Charles XIV John of Sweden and Désirée Clary
8 July 1859
aged 60

Ferrari Brignole-Sale dukes[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Raffaele de Ferrari
125px|center 6 July 1803
son of Andrea de Ferrari and Livia Ignazia Pallavicino
c. 1828
three children
23 November 1876
aged 73
Maria de Brignole-Sale
Léon Cogniet - Portrait de Maria Brignole-Sale De Ferrari.jpg
5 April 1811
daughter of Antoine Brignole-Sale, Marchese di Groppoli and Arthemisa Negrone de Gênes
9 December 1888
aged 76

Orléans dukes[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Antoine
31 July 1824
Château de Neuilly, Neuilly-sur-Seine
fifth son of Louis-Philippe of France and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
10 October 1846
ten children
4 February 1890
Palacio de Orleans-Borbón, Sanlúcar de Barrameda
aged 65
Infante Antonio
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera.jpg
23 February 1866
only surviving son of Antoine and Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
Infanta Eulalia of Spain
6 March 1886
three children
24 December 1930
aged 64
Infante Alfonso
Infante Alfonso.jpg
12 November 1886
eldest son of Antonio and Infanta Eulalia of Spain
Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
15 July 1909
St. Augustine's Church, Coburg
three children
6 August 1975
Sanlúcar de Barrameda
aged 88
Infante Alvaro
20 April 1910
eldest son of Alfonso and Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Carla Parodi-Delfino
10 July 1937
four children
22 August 1997
Monte Carlo
aged 87
Don Alfonso
Coat of Arms of the House of Orleans-Galliera (Since 1997).svg
5 January 1968
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
eldest son of Don Alonso de Orléans-Borbón y Parodi Delfino and Emilia Ferrara-Pignatelli
Véronique Goeders
28 March 1994
one son

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]