Edos was an operating system based upon IBM's original mainframe DOS (not to be confused with the unrelated and more well-known DOS for the IBM PC). The name stood for extended (or enhanced) disk operating system.
In 1970, IBM announced the IBM/370 product line along with new peripherals, software products, and operating systems, including DOS/VS that supplanted DOS. Although IBM was rightly focused on their new products, the computing world was dominated by the IBM/360 line, which left a lot of users nervous about their investment.
The Computer Software Company (TCSC) took the latter approach. Starting in 1972, they developed Edos, Extended Disk Operating System. They extended the number of fixed program space partitions from 3 to 6, added support for new hardware, and included features that IBM had offered separately. The first version of Edos was released in 1972, in response to the announcement by IBM that DOS Release 26 was the last DOS release to be supported on the System 360, and future DOS Releases would support System 370 machines only.
Edos/VS and Edos/VSE
TCSC enhanced EDOS to become EDOS/VS, which was announced in 1977 and delivered it to beta test sites in 1978. In May 1977, TCSC announced it would release Edos/VS in response to IBM's release of DOS/VS Release 34 and Advanced Functions-DOS/VS. Edos/VS was based on IBM's DOS/VS Release 34, and provided equivalent functionality to IBM's Advanced Functions-DOS/VS product. Unlike IBM's offerings, Edos/VS would run on System 360 machines and System 370 machines lacking virtual storage hardware (non-VS machines), whereas IBM's offerings only supported the latest System 370 models with VS hardware included. TCSC identified the parts of IBM's DOS/VS Release 34 operating system which relied upon System/370-only machine instructions and rewrote them to use instructions supported by the System/360. TCSC was legally able to reuse IBM's DOS/VS Release 34 code, since IBM had (intentionally) published the code without a copyright notice, which made it public domain under US copyright law at the time.
TCSC corporate history
TCSC was founded by Jerry Enfield and Tom Steel, responsible for development and marketing, respectively. Company headquarters were in Richmond, Virginia. TCSC expanded into Canada, Australia, and Europe. In 1980, the company was acquired by Nixdorf and became NCSC. Other products of TCSC included the Extended Console (Econ) system, which enabled display of the system console using a CRT terminal such as an IBM 3270. Econ was available for IBM's DOS and DOS/VS and TCSC's Edos and Edos/VS operating systems.
TCSC licensed DATACOM/DB from Applied Data Research (ADR) to run under its EDos and EDos/VS operating systems. When in 1980 Nixdorf bought TCSC, Nixdorf sought to continue the licensing arrangement; ADR and NCSC went to court in a dispute over whether the licensing arrangement was terminated by the acquisition. ADR and Nixdorf settled out of court in 1981, with an agreement that Nixdorf could continue to resell ADR's products.
Add-on products for Edos
In 1983, NCSC announced a Unix compatibility subsystem for IBM mainframes running IBM's DOS/VS(E) and Nixdorf's Edos/VS and Edos/VSE operating systems, known as Programmer Work Station/VSE-Advanced Functions, or PWS/VSE-AF for short. PWS/VSE-AF was based on the Coherent Unix clone developed by Mark Williams Company.
- Leavitt, Don (16 May 1977), "'Edos/VS' marks first response to IBM Release 34", ComputerWorld, IDG Enterprise, 11 (20), pp. 1, 4, ISSN 0010-4841
- Leavitt, Don (3 July 1978), "Move to Edos/VS generally goes well", Computerworld, IDG Enterprise, 12 (27), p. 15, ISSN 0010-4841
- "Nixdorf plans operating system for IBM 4300", Computerworld, IDG Enterprise, 15 (8), p. 13, February 1981, ISSN 0010-4841
- Rosenberg, Marcy (8 September 1980), "Nixdorf Launches Software Offerings", Computerworld, IDG Enterprise, 14 (36), p. 47, ISSN 0010-4841
- "'Econ' puts console work for DOS, DOS/VS on CRT", Computerworld, 13 (49), p. 42, 3 December 1979, ISSN 0010-4841
- Blumenthal, Marcia (18 August 1980), "ADR asks ruling on Datacom rights", Computerworld, IDG Enterprise, 14 (33), p. 76, ISSN 0010-4841
- "ADR, Nixdorf Companies Settle Marketing Dispute", Computerworld, 15 (16), p. 78, 20 April 1981, ISSN 0010-4841
- "Edos RJE option will integrate terminal support under spooling", Computerworld, IDG Enterprise, 7 (44), p. 12, 31 October 1973, ISSN 0010-4841
- "TMS Controls Tapes Under Edos", Computerworld, IDG Enterprise, 9 (28), p. 11, 9 July 1975, ISSN 0010-4841
- "Nixdorf unwraps Unix-compatible T/S for IBM", Computerworld, IDG Enterprise, 27 (37), p. 4, 12 September 1983, ISSN 0010-4841