Ein Harod (Ihud)

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Ein Harod (Ihud)
מבט כללי על עין חרוד איחוד לכיוון דרום 01.jpg
Ein Harod (Ihud) is located in Israel
Ein Harod (Ihud)
Ein Harod (Ihud)
Coordinates: 32°33′47.29″N 35°23′29.94″E / 32.5631361°N 35.3916500°E / 32.5631361; 35.3916500Coordinates: 32°33′47.29″N 35°23′29.94″E / 32.5631361°N 35.3916500°E / 32.5631361; 35.3916500
District Northern
Council Gilboa
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1952
Founded by Mapai supporters
Population (2015)[1] 529

Ein Harod (Ihud) (Hebrew: עֵין חֲרוֹד אִחוּד‎) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Jezreel Valley near Mount Gilboa, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gilboa Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 529.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The kibbutz is named after the nearby biblical spring of Ein Harod, known in English as the Well of Harod. The kibbutz is close to the site of the crucial battle of Ain Jalut from the year 1260, the first major Mongol defeat in the Middle Ages (Ein Jalut being the Arabic name of the spring).

History[edit]

It was formed in 1952 by an ideological split in kibbutz Ein Harod (founded 1921), with Mapam-supporting members forming Ein Harod (Meuhad) and Mapai-supporting members breaking away to create Ein Harod (Ihud), which joined the Mapai-affiliated Ihud HaKvutzot veHaKibbutzim. Today both kibbutzim belong to the same movement, the United Kibbutz Movement.[2]

It is located on the land of the depopulated Palestinian village of Qumya.[3]

Environmentalism[edit]

Ein Harod Ihud was Israel's first "green" kibbutz. The kibbutz has introduced a whole series of environmental projects. Recycling bins have been installed for sorting waste and an ecological garden is being planted based on a model developed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Technion. The kibbutz is switching to environmentally friendly detergents and has distributed a list of products not tested on animals. An energy survey has been conducted to identify alternative energy sources in the kitchen, laundry and ironing room. Energy consumption is being cut by using energy-saving bulbs and air conditioners, and installing electricity meters in homes and public buildings. The Ministry of Agriculture has approved funding for research on energy efficiency in milk cooling.[citation needed]

References[edit]