Eldon Hill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Eldon Hill
Eldon Hill.jpg
Eldon Hill from the bridleway to the north. The start of the quarry workings can be seen on the right.
Highest point
Elevation 470 m (1,540 ft)
Prominence c. 70 m
Listing None
Naming
Translation "Elves Hill" (Old English)
Geography
Location Derbyshire, England
Parent range Peak District, White Peak
OS grid SK115811
Topo map OS Landranger 110, 119 OS Explorer OL1
Part of the quarry workings on the north west side of Eldon Hill
Eldon Hole

Eldon Hill is a hill in the Peak District National Park in the county of Derbyshire, England, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) southwest of the village of Castleton. It is a 470-metre (1,540 ft) limestone hill whose pastureland is used for rough grazing, although a large proportion has been lost to limestone quarrying. It lies within the Castleton Site of Special Scientific Interest.[1] Eldon Hill was formed when a bed of pure limestone was squeezed and upfolded by geological forces to form a dome; it is the highest limestone hill north of the River Wye.[2]

The hill is of considerable geological, historical and industrial interest; it lies at the northern limit of the carboniferous limestone in the Peak District, as further north it merges into the millstone grit of the Dark Peak. The name Elveden is first attested in 1285 as Elvedon and seems to have meant 'Elves' hill'.[3]

Quarrying permission was granted in 1950 and huge quantities of limestone have been excavated, mostly for road-building purposes. A large amount of the northern and northwestern slopes of the hill have disappeared and it has been called the best-known eyesore in the Peak District.[4] In 1995 an application by RMC Aggregates to extend the quarrying further east was denied as parliament tightened up on environmental problems caused by old mineral permissions granted between 1948 and 1981. The quarry closed in 1999 and now stands unused with vegetation starting to grow on the quarry face. There have been some attempts at natural restoration with several aquatic pools being established in the former workings.[5] The termination of quarrying has also given cavers the chance to explore some of the narrow caves exposed by the work, with Sidetrack Cave (discovered 2002)[6] being one of the most impressive.

350 metres south of the summit lies Eldon Hole. At 55 metres it is the deepest pothole in the area and was named as one of the Seven Wonders of the Peak by the philosopher Thomas Hobbes in 1636.[7] According to folk tradition, it is the abode of the Devil.[8] Close to the summit of the hill lies a Bronze Age tumulus, a large burial site measuring 16 by 15 metres and 1.5 metres high. The tumulus, a Scheduled Monument,[9] has been excavated on several occasions with human skeletons and jewellery amongst the finds.[10] The hill is dotted with numerous lead mines, all disused and many capped off for safety.

Eldon Hill can be climbed either from the villages of Peak Forest to the south or Castleton to the north. The approach from Castleton goes up Cave Dale with a return down Winnats Pass to give a very interesting walk. The approach from Peak Forest is shorter and passes Eldon Hole on the way. The summit of the hill stands just 100 metres from the edge of the fenced quarry workings and gives good views with Mam Tor, Axe Edge Moor and the town of Buxton all well seen.

References[edit]

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Castleton" (PDF) (SSSI citation). Natural England. 1972. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 
  2. ^ "Peak Forest Lead Mines". Peak District Online. Retrieved 13 February 2018. The summit of the hill at 1540 feet above sea level is the highest limestone hill north of the RIVER WYE. 
  3. ^ Hall, Alaric (2007). Elves in Anglo-Saxon England: Matters of Belief, Health, Gender and Identity. Anglo-Saxon Studies. 8. Woodbridge: Boydell. p. 65. 
  4. ^ Viscount Addison (7 March 1995). "Old mineral planning permissions". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Lords. col. 125. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. 
  5. ^ "Peak District Biodiversity Action Plan Annual Report No. 1" (PDF). Peak District National Park. October 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2018. Several pools have been established at Eldon Hill quarry as part of the restoration scheme (RMC). 
  6. ^ Barker, Iain; Beck, John S. (2010). Caves of the Peak District. Derbyshire Caving Association. p. 127. ISBN 9780956347329. 
  7. ^ "Wonders of the Peak". Peak District View. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 
  8. ^ "Eldon Hole". Cheshirenow.co.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Eldon Hill bowl barrow (1008063)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 
  10. ^ "Eldon Hill Barrow". Peak District View. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 

Coordinates: 53°19′36″N 1°49′44″W / 53.32670°N 1.82880°W / 53.32670; -1.82880