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Elizabeth Swados (February 5, 1951 – January 5, 2016) was an American writer, composer, musician and theatre director. While some of her subject matter is humorous, such as her satirical look at Ronald Reagan (Rap Master Ronnie) and Doonesbury — both collaborations with Garry Trudeau — much of her work deals with darker issues such as racism, murder and mental illness.
Her father, Robert O. Swados, was a successful attorney who helped Seymour H. Knox III convert the local Buffalo Sabres hockey club into a full National Hockey League team. His autobiography, Counsel in the Crease: A Big League Player in the Hockey Wars was published by Prometheus Books in 2005.
Her mother struggled with depression, while her older brother (and only sibling) Lincoln developed schizophrenia. Her mother committed suicide in 1974, and Lincoln died in 1989. Swados suffered from depression, a condition she discussed in her book, My Depression: A Picture Book.
She studied music at Bennington College in Vermont, receiving her Bachelor of Arts degree in 1973. In 1980, the Hobart and William Smith College awarded her an honorary doctorate in Humane Letters.
Swados died from complications following surgery for esophageal cancer on January 5, 2016. She was 64.
Although many of Swados' plays are musicals, her compositions draw from folk and world music genres rather than from standard musical theatre. Working with Ellen Stewart, Andrei Serban and Peter Brook, she gave voice and form to a way of looking at pure sound that transcends the limits of language and her music for Fragments of a Greek Trilogy (Medea, Electra, and Trojan Women) with La MaMa, and for Conference of the Birds with Peter Brook paved the way for future musical innovation in American and World Theatre. Her first Broadway success, Runaways, was intended to be a community service piece with a short run. However, after appearing at The Public Theater, it transferred to Broadway in May 1978. She received Tony Award nominations for Best Musical, Best Direction of a Musical, Best Book of a Musical, Best Original Score and Best Choreography. She was nominated for Drama Desk Awards for Outstanding Director of a Musical, Outstanding Lyrics, and Outstanding Music, and won an Obie Award for her direction. In 1984 she composed the music for Gary Trudeau's satirical musical Rap Master Ronnie. Her earlier musical with Trudeau, Doonesbury, opened on Broadway in 1983 at the Biltmore Theatre in November 1983. In 1985, her musical play The Beautiful Lady, concerning the life and works of six world class Russian poets who lived, composed and performed in St. Petersburg at the time of the Revolution, won the first Helen Hayes "Best New Play" award. She composed music for film (such as 1981's Four Friends)  and television (such as Seize the Day in 1987) and performed at Carnegie Hall.
She published three novels, three non-fiction books and nine children's books. Her most recent books are My Depression, Sidney's Animal Rescue and At Play: Teaching Teenagers Theater. Her book, My Depression: A Picture Book (2005), was made into an animated short film that was an official selection of the Tribeca Film Festival in 2014. It includes voices by Sigourney Weaver and Steve Buscemi.
- Swados, Elizabeth. Listening Out Loud: Becoming a Composer. New York: Harper & Row, 1988. ISBN 9780060159924
- Swados, Elizabeth, and Joe Cepeda. Hey You! C'mere!: A Poetry Slam. New York: Arthur A. Levine Books, 2002. ISBN 9780439092579
- Swados, Elizabeth, and Anne Wilson. The Animal Rescue Store. New York: Arthur A. Levine Books, 2005. ISBN 9780439554763 
- Swados, Elizabeth. The Four of Us: The Story of a Family. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1991. ISBN 9780374152192 
- Swados, Elizabeth. My Depression: A Picture Book. New York: Hyperion, 2005. ISBN 9781401307899
- Medea (1972- Obie)
- Elektra (1974)
- Trojan Women (1974)
- Jumpin's Salty (1975 Westbeth Playwrights Feminist Collective production. Music: Elizabeth Swados. Lyrics: Eve Merriman).
- Nightclub Cantata (1977) 
- Dispatches, a Rock & Roll War (1979) 
- Alice in Concert (1980)
- The Haggadah, a Passover Cantata (1980) 
- Enter Life (1982)
- Lullabye and Goodnight (1982)
- Jerusalem poetry by Yehuda Amichai (1984) 
- The Red Sneaks (1989)
- Jonah (1990)
- Groundhog (1992)
- Conscience and Courage Cantata (1994)
- Jabu (2005)
- The Beauty Inside (2005)
- Missionaries in Concert (2005)
- Mental Missiles (2006)
- Spider Opera (2006)
- Kaspar Hauser (2007) 
- The Great Divorce (2007)
- Resilient Souls (2010) 
- Occupy Olympus (2013)
- *mark (2014)
- My Depression (2014)
- The Golem (2015)
- Grattan, Virginia L. (1993). American Women Songwriters: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313285103.
- Macmillan retrieved 2010 October 24
- Kirkus Review. 'The Four of Us', ISBN 0-374-15219-5 kirkusreviews.com, May 20, 2010 (online), August 1, 1991 (Review Issue), accessed January 6, 2016
- The Sports Network Sabres founder Swados dies, 9news.com; retrieved November 23, 2012.
- Barnes and Noble Synopsis and review
- My Depression: A Picture Book, Seven Stories Press; ISBN 1609805496/ISBN 978-1609805494
- Grimes, William. "Elizabeth Swados, Creator of Socially Conscious Musicals, Is Dead at 64", New York Times, January 5, 2016; retrieved January 5, 2016
- Runaways Internet Off-Broadway Database, accessed January 6, 2016
- "'Runaways' Broadway" playbillvault.com, accessed January 6, 2016
- Grimes, William (6 January 2016). "Elizabeth Swados, Creator of Socially Conscious Musicals, Is Dead at 64". New York Times.
- Rich, Frank. "Stage: Partisan Revue, 'Rap Master Ronnie' New York Times, October 4, 1984
- Rich, Frank. "Stage. 'Doonesbury'" New York Times, November 22, 1983
- "Swados Overview" tcm.com, accessed January 6, 2016
- Seize the Day tcm.com, accessed January 6, 2016
- Gordon, David. "Elizabeth Swados, Downtown Theater Icon and Creator of Broadway's 'Runaways', Has Died" theatermania.com, January 5, 2016
- My Depression: The Up and Down of IT hbo.com, accessedJanuary 7, 2016
- "Tisch Faculty" /tisch.nyu.edu, accessed January 6, 2016
-  kirkusreviews.com
- Official website
- Elizabeth Swados at the Internet Movie Database
- Elizabeth Swados at the Internet Broadway Database
- Elizabeth Swados (YouTube channel)
- Elizabeth Swados profile, lortel.org
- on YouTube They explore the idea that artistic genius is linked (in the popular imagination) with suffering, mental illness, and untimely death. This is an 89-minute video published by on 's channelYouTube August 14, 2012; retrieved November 9, 2012.
- Profile, drama.tisch.nyu.edu
- Profile, broadwayworld.com