October 14, 1837|
Charleston, South Carolina
|Died||April 22, 1908
Columbia, South Carolina
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Service/branch||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861–65|
|Commands held||24th South Carolina Infantry
|Other work||teacher, college administrator, bishop|
Capers was the son of a Methodist bishop. He was born in Charleston, South Carolina, and educated in local schools. He graduated from South Carolina Military Academy, later known as The Citadel, in 1857, and then worked as a teacher at the academy.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, Capers joined the Confederate Army with the rank of major. He served on coastal defense duties until 1863, having been promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 24th South Carolina. In May 1863 the regiment joined the army of General Joseph E. Johnston for the Vicksburg Campaign. Capers was wounded but promoted to colonel.
Capers returned to field service in time for the Chickamauga Campaign with the Army of Tennessee. He fought in the disastrous Battle of Franklin. After the campaign he commanded a brigade, replacing States Rights Gist, who had been killed in action. Capers was promoted to brigadier general on March 1, 1865, shortly before the end of hostilities. He was captured at Bentonville, North Carolina, but there is no record of parole.
Capers returned home after the Civil War. In December 1865, he was elected Secretary of State for South Carolina. He was rector of Christ Church (Episcopal) in Greenville. He served as the Episcopal Bishop of South Carolina from 1894 to his death. He also served as chancellor of Sewanee: The University of the South from 1904 to 1908. He died in Columbia, South Carolina, and is buried there at Trinity Episcopal Churchyard.
The General Ellison Capers Camp #1212 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans was named in his honor.
Capers Hall at The Citadel is named in for him and his brother Major Francis W. Capers, who served as Superintendent from 1852 to 1859. Ellison delivered the commencement address at The Citadel in 1886.
- Eicher, p. 162.
- Evans, Clement A., Confederate Military History, Volume III Atlanta, Georgia: Confederate Publishing Company, 1899.
- Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.
- "Photo gallery of Capers". Generals and Brevets. Archived from the original on January 31, 2008.
- "Biography of Capers". SCV.
- "Capers, Ellison, 1837-1908". The Citadel Archives.
|Episcopal Church (USA) titles|
William B. W. Howe
|7th Bishop of South Carolina
1894 – 1908
William A. Guerry