|Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan SSR|
December 1, 1983 – December 22, 1987
|President||Kamran Baghirov (First Secretary of Azerbaijan Communist Party)|
|Preceded by||Tahira Tahirova|
|Succeeded by||Huseynaga Sadigov|
|Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan|
May 18, 1990 – March 5, 1992
|Preceded by||Suleyman Rustam|
|Succeeded by||Yaqub Mammadov|
March 1, 1934|
|Died||August 1, 1993
Gafarova was born on March 1, 1934 in Baku, Azerbaijan. In 1952, she completed her secondary education and was admitted to Azerbaijan State University in 1953. In 1958, she graduated from the university with a degree in Philology and continued with her post graduate studies until 1961 when she obtained her PhD in Philology. While at university, Gafarova was the deputy of the Komsomol committee of the university. In 1958, she was admitted to Azerbaijan Communist Party. In 1962, she was appointed the chairwoman of the Organization Committee Center of Azerbaijani Komsomol and in 1966 through 1970, she served as the first secretary of the organization.
In 1970-1971, Gafarova worked as the director of Department of Culture of Central Committee of Azerbaijan Communist Party and in 1971 until 1980, she was the First Secretary of the Party Committee of Baku. In 1980 she was appointed to the post of Minister of Education of Azerbaijan SSR which she held until 1983. In 1983-1987, Gafarova served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan SSR. While in foreign service, she participated in UN General Assembly sessions in October 1984 on issues of racism and discrimination. She was also elected to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan. From 1987 through 1991, she was the Speaker of Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR and was elected deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. In 1987-89, she also served as Deputy Prime Minister of Azerbaijan SSR. When she was the speaker of parliament, Gafarova played a significant role in restoring the historic name of Ganja on December 30, 1989 and made the Novruz holiday celebrated throughout Azerbaijan an official public holiday on March 13, 1990. She is also creditted with passing a law on restoration of independence of Azerbaijan on October 18, 1991, admission of Azerbaijan Republic to United Nations on March 2, 1992, etc.
Gafarova has been of the first leaders to convene the extraordinary session of the Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on January 21–22 and condemn the Soviet authorities for massacre of civilians in Baku on the night of January 19–20, 1990. The session of 160 deputies issued a statement of condemnation of the massacre and appealed to Supreme Soviet of USSR, Supreme Soviets of union republics, all parliaments of the world and United Nations mentioning military aggression against civilians in disregard of Geneva and Vienna Conventions[disambiguation needed]. As a result, Azerbaijani General Prosecutor’s Office launched a criminal investigation on paragraphs 4 and 6 of article 94 (premeditated murder in aggravating circumstances), 149 (deliberately destroying or damaging the property), 168 (abuse of power) and 225 (abuse of authority) of the Criminal Code that was effective at that time. The ongoing investigation has not yet been closed.
- "Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. Elmira Qafarova". Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- "Biographies. Elmira Qafarova". Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- "FEMALE PRESIDENTS OF UNDERSTATE ENTITIES". Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- "General Prosecutor’s Office: Russia does not give back to Azerbaijan the materials of the criminal case on January 20 tragedy". Retrieved 2010-07-07.