Elongated triangular pyramid

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Elongated triangular pyramid
Elongated triangular pyramid.png
J6 - J7 - J8
Faces1+3 triangles
3 squares
Vertex configuration1(33)
Symmetry groupC3v, [3], (*33)
Rotation groupC3, [3]+, (33)
Dual polyhedronself
Elongated Triangular Pyramid Net.svg

In geometry, the elongated triangular pyramid is one of the Johnson solids (J7). As the name suggests, it can be constructed by elongating a tetrahedron by attaching a triangular prism to its base. Like any elongated pyramid, the resulting solid is topologically (but not geometrically) self-dual.

A Johnson solid is one of 92 strictly convex polyhedra that have regular faces but are not uniform (that is, they are not Platonic solids, Archimedean solids, prisms, or antiprisms). They were named by Norman Johnson, who first listed these polyhedra in 1966.[1]


The following formulae for volume and surface area can be used if all faces are regular, with edge length a:[2]

If the edges are not the same length, use the individual formulae for the tetrahedron and triangular prism separately, and add the results together.

Dual polyhedron[edit]

Topologically, the elongated triangular pyramid is its own dual. Geometrically, the dual has seven irregular faces: one equilateral triangle, three isosceles triangles and three isosceles trapezoids.

Dual elongated triangular pyramid Net of dual
Dual elongated triangular pyramid.png Dual elongated triangular pyramid net.png

Related polyhedra and honeycombs[edit]

The elongated triangular pyramid can form a tessellation of space with square pyramids and/or octahedra.[3]


  1. ^ Johnson, Norman W. (1966), "Convex polyhedra with regular faces", Canadian Journal of Mathematics, 18: 169–200, doi:10.4153/cjm-1966-021-8, MR 0185507, Zbl 0132.14603.
  2. ^ Stephen Wolfram, "Elongated triangular pyramid" from Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
  3. ^ http://woodenpolyhedra.web.fc2.com/J7.html

External links[edit]