Enbarr

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The Énbarr of Manannán, or Enbarr of the Flowing Mane (Classical Irish: Aonḃaɼɼ Mhanannáin) is a horse in the Irish Mythological Cycle which could traverse both land and sea.

The horse was the property of the sea-god Manannan mac Lir, but provided to Lugh Lamh-fada (Irish: Luġ Láṁḟada) to use at his disposal. In the story Oidheadh Chloinne Tuireann (The Fate of the Children of Tuireann), Lugh refused to lend it to the sons of Tuireann, and was reluctantly forced to lend the self-navigating boat Sguaba Tuinne (Wave-sweeper) instead.

Aenbharr, Aonbharr, Énbarr are some of its alternate spellings.

Etymology[edit]

The meaning of this name has variously defined. It is glossed as "Froth" in the medieval Cormac's glossary,[a][1] as "One Mane" by O'Curry.[b][2]

John Rhys thought the name mean "she had a bird's head", and evidently considered it a mare.[3]

Yet another meaning, "unique supremacy"[c] is suggested in James Mackillop's dictionary.[4]

Forms[edit]

Aonḃaɼɼ Mhanannáin (Irish), "Aenbharr of Manannan" (Eng. tr.);[5] "Enbarr of the Flowing Mane";[6] Énbarr[6][4] (modern Irish: Aonbharr).[4]

In legend[edit]

In the story Oidheadh Chlainne Tuireann (The Fate of the Children of Tuireann), Lugh refused to loan the horse to the sons of Tuireann, claiming that would be the loan of a loan, but in making this refusal, was later trapped into lending the self-navigating currach (coracle boat) called Sguaba Tuinne (Wave-sweeper).[2][6]

Pop Culture[edit]

Enbarr appears in the game "Final Fantasy XIV". Enbarr can be obtained through the extreme level on The Whorleater, as a random drop.[7]

Explanatory notes[edit]

  1. ^ Deconstructed as: "én "water" + barr "cacumen, spuma".
  2. ^ Deconstructed as: aon "one" + barr "hair, tip, horse's mane" by O'Curry.
  3. ^ For the modern Irish form aonbharr.

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Donovan tr. (1868), "Enbarr", Sanas Chormaic, p.66.
  2. ^ a b O'Curry, Eugene (1863), "(A)oidhe Chloinne Tuireann The Fate of the Children of Tuireann", The Atlantis, IV: 157–240 . Meaning of "Aonbarr" glossed on p.163 n145.
  3. ^ Rhys, John (1891), Studies in the Arthurian, Clarendon, p. 221 
  4. ^ a b c Mackillop, James (1998). "Énbarr". Dictionary of Celtic Mythology. Oxford University Press. p. 182. ISBN 0192801201. 
  5. ^ O'Curry (1863), pp. 162, 163
  6. ^ a b c Joyce, P. W. (1894), "The Fate of the Children of Turenn; or, The Quest for the Eric-Fine", Old Celtic Romances, pp. 37–95 
  7. ^ "Enbarr – Gamer Escape". webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved 2018-05-31.