|Born||1965 (age 55–56)|
Eric Lichtblau (born 1965) is an American journalist, reporting for The New York Times in the Washington bureau, as well as the Los Angeles Times, Time magazine, The New Yorker, and the CNN network's investigative news unit. He has earned two Pulitzer Prizes for his work. He received a Pulitzer Prize in 2006 with the New York Times for his reporting on warrantless wiretapping by the National Security Agency. He also was part of the New York Times team that won the Pulitzer in 2017 for coverage of Russia and the Trump campaign. He is the author of Bush's Law: The Remaking of American Justice, and The Nazis Next Door: How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler's Men.
Life and career
Lichtblau was born to a Jewish family in Syracuse, New York, and graduated from Cornell University in 1987 with majors in government and English. After college, Lichtblau served stints with the Los Angeles Times investigative team in Los Angeles and covered various law enforcement beats. He worked at the Los Angeles Times for 15 years, covering the Justice Department in their Washington bureau between 1999 and 2000.
Lichtblau joined The New York Times in September 2002 as a correspondent covering the Justice Department, and published his last story for the paper in April 2017. In that month he became an editor for CNN; just two months later, in June 2017, he was among three CNN editors who resigned following the retraction of a report regarding alleged contact between the presidential transition team of Donald Trump and a Russian state-owned bank.
Lichtblau is the author of Bush's Law: The Remaking of American Justice. With fellow New York Times reporter James Risen, Lichtblau was awarded a 2006 Pulitzer Prize for breaking the story of the National Security Agency's wiretapping program. Using research, Lichtblau's book was first to inform the American public that after 9/11, President George W. Bush had authorized the National Security Agency, in apparent contravention of federal wiretapping law, to eavesdrop on Americans without court warrants.
In The Nazis Next Door: How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler's Men, Lichtblau uncovered the full details of Operation Paper Clip, a story that had been carefully guarded by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency for over sixty years. Unknown to Americans, and fully aware of the monstrous crimes many had committed, the CIA provided a safe haven for thousands of Nazi scientists and spies after World War II. Most of the scientists recruited had worked on Hitler's V2 rocket project. The most well known of the Nazi scientists was Wernher Von Braun, often described as the "Father of Rocket Science".
The V2 rockets killed thousands of British and Belgian citizens during the War and its production effort ruthlessly exploited concentration camp prisoners for labor. CIA directors insisted America's dominance in space technology was far more important than prosecuting war criminals. The CIA helped other Nazis gain access to the US to covertly collect information on Communists as part of an overzealous Cold War policy. Elizabeth Holtzman described the book as a "fast paced, important book about the justice department's efforts to bring Nazi war criminals in the United States to justice that also uses recently declassified facts to expose the secret, reprehensible collaboration of U. S. intelligence agencies with those very Nazis". In both of his books, Lichtblau used first rate research to uncover what many would consider abuses of power by government agencies.
Lichtblau said in an interview that "Of all the survivors in the camps, only a few thousand came in the first year or so. A visa was a precious commodity, and there were immigration policymakers in Washington who were on record saying that they didn't think the Jews should be let in because they were 'lazy people' or 'entitled people' and they didn't want them in. But there were many, many thousands of Nazi collaborators who got visas to the U.S. while the survivors did not, even though they had been, for instance, the head of a Nazi concentration camp, the warden at a camp, or the secret police chief in Lithuania who signed the death warrants for people."
On October 31, 2016, The New York Times published an article by Lichtblau and Steven Lee Myers indicating that intelligence agencies believed that Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election was not aimed at electing Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump. It was subsequently revealed that multiple United States intelligence agencies were conducting an investigation at the time into possible covert aid from the Kremlin to the Trump campaign. This led to criticism of Times' coverage of the election, and speculation that the Times reporting, and the October 31 article in particular, contributed to Trump's victory. On January 20, 2017, the Times published an article by the public editor acknowledging that the Times staff, including the editors and Lichtblau, had access to materials and details indicating that the Russian interference was aimed at electing Donald Trump, contradicting the October 31 article, and stating that "a strong case can be made that the Times was too timid in its decisions not to publish the material it had". Daniel Pfeiffer, former senior advisor to president Barack Obama, characterized the decision not to publish the story while at the same time publishing many articles that fueled the Hillary Clinton email controversy as a "black mark" in the newspaper’s history. The New York Times editor Dean Baquet dismissed the controversy, stating that the public editor article is a "bad column" that comes to a "fairly ridiculous conclusion". It was later reported that in the editing of the piece, New York Times editors "downplayed what Lichtblau and Myers wanted to highlight" in the article and 'cast the absence of a conclusion as the article's central theme rather than the fact of the investigation itself,' contrary to the wishes of the reporters."
- 2008: Bush's Law: The Remaking of American Justice (Pantheon, ISBN 0-375-42492-X)
- 2014: The Nazis Next Door: How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler's Men (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, ISBN 978-0547669199)
- Cooper, Elise (April 2, 2015). "Interview: Eric Lichtblau, author of The Nazis Next Door". The ProsenPeople: Exploring the World of Jewish Literature. Jewish Book Council. jewishbookcouncil.org. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- "Eric Lichtblau". Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2015. Retrieved via Biography in Context database, 2017-07-01.
- "Eric Lichtblau". The New York Times. April 22, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- Grynbaum, Michael M. (2017-06-27). "3 CNN Journalists Resign After Retracted Story on Trump Ally". Retrieved 2017-07-01. Print version, p. B5, "3 CNN Journalists Quit After Story Is Pulled".
- Wemple, Erik (June 26, 2017). "Three CNN employees resign over retracted story on Russia ties". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Leslie Zirkin, Eric Lichtblau". The New York Times. November 7, 2008. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- "About Eric Lichtblau". Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- Lichtblau, Eric (March 26, 2008). "The Education of a 9/11 Reporter: The inside drama behind the Times' warrantless wiretapping story". Slate. Retrieved March 31, 2008.
- Lichtblau, Eric, (2015) The Nazis Next Door, How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler's Men, Published by Houghton, Mifflin, Harcourt, Boston.
- Lichtblau, Eric; Myers, Steven Lee (October 31, 2016). "Investigating Donald Trump, F.B.I. Sees No Clear Link to Russia". The New York Times. Washington. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- Stone, Peter; Gordon, Greg (January 18, 2017). "FBI, 5 other agencies probe possible covert Kremlin aid to Trump". McClatchy DC. Washington. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- Wood, Paul (January 12, 2017). "Trump 'compromising' claims: How and why did we get here?". BBC News. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
- Schoenkopf, Rebecca (January 18, 2017). "New York Times May Have Cleared Trump of Russian Collusion a Tad Prematurely". Wonkette. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- Spayd, Liz (January 21, 2017). "Trump, Russia, and the News Story that Wasn't". The New York Times. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- Borchers, Callum (January 22, 2017). "New York Times public editor says paper might have been 'too timid' on Trump and Russia". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
- Boehlert, Eric (January 23, 2017). "NY Times Remains Embroiled In Controversy Over Its 2016 Coverage Of Russia And Trump". MediaMatters.
- Wemple, Erik (January 21, 2017). "NYT's Dean Baquet rips 'fairly ridiculous conclusion' in public editor's column on Russia coverage". The Washington Post.
- "Was There a Connection Between a Russian Bank and the Trump Campaign?". October 8, 2018.