Esophageal motility disorder
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|Esophageal motility disorder|
|Other names||Esophageal dysmotility (ED)|
|Treatment||treatment depends on cause|
An esophageal motility disorder (EMD) is any medical disorder causing difficulty in swallowing, regurgitation of food and a spasm-type pain which can be brought on by an allergic reaction to certain foods. The most prominent one is dysphagia. It is a part of CREST syndrome, referring to the five main features: calcinosis, Raynaud syndrome, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly and telangiectasia.
There are contractions along the lower esophagus when this condition happens. These contractions prevent the passage of food.
Dysphagia could be for solid only or for solid and liquid.
- Solid dysphagia is due to obstruction such as esophageal cancer, esophageal web, or stricture.
- Solid plus liquid dysphagia is due to esophageal motility disorder (or dysmotility) either in the upper esophagus (myasthenia gravis, stroke, or dermatomyositis) or lower esophagus (systemic sclerosis, CREST syndrome, or achalasia).
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (September 2017)
- Winterbauer RH (1964). "Multiple telangiectasia, Raynaud's phenomenon, sclerodactyly, and subcutaneous calcinosis: a syndrome mimicking hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia". Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital 114: 361–83. PMID 14171636.
- Medicine, UW. "Esophageal Motility Disorders - UW Medicine". www.uwmedicine.org.
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