Esophageal motility disorder
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|Esophageal motility disorder|
|Classification and external resources|
An esophageal motility disorder is any medical disorder causing difficulty in swallowing, regurgitation of food and a spasm-type pain which can be brought on by an allergic reaction to certain foods. The most prominent one is dysphagia. It is a part of CREST syndrome, refers to the five main features: calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly and telangiectasia.
Dysphagia could be for solid only or for solid and liquid. 1) Solid Dysphagia is due to obstruction such as Esophageal Cancer, Esophageal web, or Stricture. 2) Solid plus liquid dysphagia is due to Esophageal motility disorder (or dysmotility) either upper esophagus (Mysthenia Gravis, stoke, or Dermatomyositis) or Lower esophagus (systemic sclerosis, CREST syndrome, or Achalasia)
There are contractions along the lower esophagus when this condition happens. These contractions prevent the passage of food. 
- Winterbauer RH (1964). "Multiple telangiectasia, Raynaud's phenomenon, sclerodactyly, and subcutanious calcinosis: a syndrome mimicking hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia". Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital 114: 361–83. PMID 14171636.
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