Esquelbecq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Esquelbecq

Ekelsbeke
St Folcwin church in Esquelbecq
St Folcwin church in Esquelbecq
Coat of arms of Esquelbecq
Coat of arms
Location of Esquelbecq
Esquelbecq is located in France
Esquelbecq
Esquelbecq
Esquelbecq is located in Hauts-de-France
Esquelbecq
Esquelbecq
Coordinates: 50°53′11″N 2°25′55″E / 50.8864°N 2.4319°E / 50.8864; 2.4319Coordinates: 50°53′11″N 2°25′55″E / 50.8864°N 2.4319°E / 50.8864; 2.4319
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentNord
ArrondissementDunkirk
CantonWormhout
IntercommunalityCommunauté de communes des Hauts de Flandre
Government
 • Mayor (2015-2020) Didier Roussel
Area
1
12.7 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
2,163
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
59210 /59470
Elevation11–29 m (36–95 ft)
(avg. 21 m or 69 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Esquelbecq (from Dutch: Ekelsbeke) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

Its southern limit with Ledringhem is chemin de Rubrouck.

Heraldry[edit]


Arms of Esquelbecq
The arms of Esquelbecq are blazoned :
Or, a chevron azure between 3 mullets of 5 gules.
motto: vaincre ou mourir (win or die)

History[edit]

In 1436, Wautier de Ghistelles was seigneur d'Ekelsbeke et de Ledringhem (Lord of Esquelbecq and Ledringhem) and governor of La Madeleine hospital in Bierne.[2]

The Wormhoudt massacre was perpetrated near Esquelbecq on 80 British and French prisoners of war by Waffen-SS members at the time of the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940.

Church and organ[edit]

The church on the village square is dedicated to Folcwin, who died at Esquelbecq in 855 CE.[3] It is a hall church of the hallekerk type characteristic of the region, with three naves of equal length, width, and height. The interior and roof were destroyed by a fire in 1976, but the external appearance is still substantially as it was in 1610, with an attractive lozenge pattern in the brickwork.[4]

The present church organ, by Marc Garnier (who also built an organ for the Elgar Concert Hall at the University of Birmingham), was built after the fire. It is modelled on the designs prevalent in Flanders in the 17th century and is "mesotonic" – tuned so that pieces from that era can be played in meantone temperament.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Esquelbecq train station

Esquelbecq is served by a railway station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Bierne history (French)
  3. ^ "Folcwin, St. - Dictionary definition of Folcwin, St. - Encyclopedia.com: Free online dictionary". The Gale Group Inc.; Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  4. ^ http://www.cote-dopale.com/tourisme/eglise-d-esquelbecq/ Côte d'Opale tourisme - Eglise d'Esquelbecq; Retrieved 14 July 2018
  5. ^ http://www.cote-dopale.com/tourisme/eglise-d-esquelbecq/ Côte d'Opale tourisme - Eglise d'Esquelbecq; Retrieved 14 July 2018