Esquelbecq

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Esquelbecq
Ekelsbeke
Commune
St Folcwin church in Esquelbecq
St Folcwin church in Esquelbecq
Coat of arms of Esquelbecq
Coat of arms
Esquelbecq is located in France
Esquelbecq
Esquelbecq
Location within Hauts-de-France region
Esquelbecq is located in Hauts-de-France
Esquelbecq
Esquelbecq
Coordinates: 50°53′11″N 2°25′55″E / 50.8864°N 2.4319°E / 50.8864; 2.4319Coordinates: 50°53′11″N 2°25′55″E / 50.8864°N 2.4319°E / 50.8864; 2.4319
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Nord
Arrondissement Dunkirk
Canton Wormhout
Intercommunality CC Hauts de Flandre
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Michel Devynck
Area1 12.7 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Population (1999)2 2,124
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 59210 /59470
Elevation 11–29 m (36–95 ft)
(avg. 21 m or 69 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Esquelbecq (from Dutch: Ekelsbeke) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

Its southern limit with Ledringhem is chemin de Rubrouck.

Heraldry[edit]


Arms of Esquelbecq
The arms of Esquelbecq are blazoned :
Or, a chevron azure between 3 mullets of 5 gules.
motto: vaincre ou mourir (win or die)

History[edit]

In 1436, Wautier de Ghistelles was seigneur d'Ekelsbeke et de Ledringhem (Lord of Esquelbecq and Ledringhem) and governor of La Madeleine hospital in Bierne.[1]

The Wormhoudt massacre was perpetrated near Esquelbecq on 80 British and French prisoners of war by Waffen-SS members at the time of the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940.

Church and organ[edit]

The church on the village square is dedicated to Folcwin, who died at Esquelbecq in 855 CE.[2] It is a hall church of the hallekerk type characteristic of the region, with three naves of equal length, width, and height. The interior and roof were destroyed by a fire in 1976, but the external appearance is still substantially as it was in 1610, with an attractive lozenge pattern in the brickwork.[3]

The present church organ, by Marc Garnier (who also built an organ for the Elgar Concert Hall at the University of Birmingham), was built after the fire. It is modelled on the designs prevalent in Flanders in the 17th century and is "mesotonic" – tuned so that pieces from that era can be played in meantone temperament.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Esquelbecq train station

Esquelbecq is served by a railway station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bierne history (French)
  2. ^ "Folcwin, St. - Dictionary definition of Folcwin, St. - Encyclopedia.com: Free online dictionary". The Gale Group Inc.; Retrieved 14 July 2018. 
  3. ^ http://www.cote-dopale.com/tourisme/eglise-d-esquelbecq/ Côte d'Opale tourisme - Eglise d'Esquelbecq; Retrieved 14 July 2018
  4. ^ http://www.cote-dopale.com/tourisme/eglise-d-esquelbecq/ Côte d'Opale tourisme - Eglise d'Esquelbecq; Retrieved 14 July 2018