The city hall
|Motto: Probitas et Industria|
|Intercommunality||European Metropole of Lille|
|Cantons||2 (Roubaix-1, Roubaix-2)|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Guillaume Delbar|
|Area1||13.23 km2 (5.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,100/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||59512 / 59100|
|Elevation||17–52 m (56–171 ft)
(avg. 32 m or 105 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Roubaix (French pronunciation: [ʁu.bɛ]) is an old mono-industrial and working-class commune in northern France, in the department of Nord, which grew rapidly in the 19th century from its textile industries. It is the second largest city in the French region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais ranked by population with about 95,000 inhabitants. Located between the cities of Lille and Tourcoing, Roubaix is the chef-lieu of two cantons.
Together with Lille, Tourcoing, Villeneuve-d'Ascq and eighty-one other communes, Roubaix gives structure to a four-centred metropolitan area inhabited by around 1.1 million people: the European Metropole of Lille. To a greater extent, Roubaix belongs to a vast conurbation formed with the Belgian cities of Menen, Mouscron, Kortrijk and Tournai, which gave birth to the first European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation in January 2008, Lille–Kortrijk–Tournai with an aggregate over 2 million inhabitants.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Heraldry
- 5 People
- 6 Urbanism
- 7 Administrative and political affairs
- 8 Culture
- 9 Education
- 10 Sport
- 11 Economy
- 12 Infrastructure
- 13 Notable people
- 14 Notes and references
Roubaix occupies a central position in the north-east slope of the European Metropole of Lille: it is set on the eastern side of Lille and the southern side of Tourcoing, close to the Belgian border. As regards towns' boundaries, Roubaix is encompassed by seven cities which constitute its immediate neighbouring environment. These municipalities are namely: Tourcoing to the north and the northwest, Wattrelos to the northeast, Leers to the east, Lys-lez-Lannoy to the southeast, Hem to the south and Croix to the southwest and the west. Roubaix, alongside those municipalities and twenty-one other communes, belongs to the land of Ferrain, a little district of the former Castellany of Lille between the Lys and Escaut rivers.
As the crow flies, the distance between Roubaix and the following cities is some odd: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) to Tournai, 18 kilometres (11 mi) to Kortrijk, 84 kilometres (52 mi) to Brussels and 213 kilometres (132 mi) to Paris.
The soft hollow plain upon which Roubaix lies, stretches on the axis of an east-west oriented syncline which rises to the south and the southeast towards the Paleozoic limestone of the Mélantois-Tournaisis faulted anticline. This area consists predominantly of Holocene deposits of alluvial origin. It is flat and low, with an elevation drop of only 35 m (114 ft 10 in) over its 13.23 square kilometres (5.11 sq mi). The lowest altitude of this area stands at 17 m (55 ft 9 in), while its highest altitude is 52 m (170 ft 7 in) meters above the sea level.
The Trichon stream fed by waters of the Espierre stream used to flow through the rural landscape of Roubaix before the industrialisation process began to alter this area in the middle of the 19th century. From that century on, the ensuing industries, with their increasing needs for reliable supplies of goods and water, led to the building of an inland waterway connected upstream from the Deûle and downstream to the Marque and Espierre toward the Escaut, which linked directly Roubaix to Lille.
Opened in 1877, the Canal de Roubaix crosses the town from its northern neighbourhoods to its eastern neighbourhoods and flows along the city's boundaries. The Canal de Roubaix closed in 1985, after more than a century in use. Thank to the European funded project Blue Links, the waterway has been reopened to navigation since 2011.
Despite some American statements that weather conditions in Roubaix were “dreadful” during the 19th century, the area of the city is not known for undergoing unusual weather events. In regard to the town's geographical location and the results of the Météo-France's weather station of Lille-Lesquin, Roubaix is a temperate oceanic climate: while summer experiences mild temperatures, winter's temperatures may fall to below zero. Precipitation is infrequently intense.
The current city's name is most likely derived from two Frankish words: “raus” meaning reed and “baki” meaning brook. Thence the sense of Roubaix can probably find its origin in the brook's banks of Espierre, Trichon or Favreuil. The place was mentioned for the first time in a Latinised form in the 9th century: Villa Rusbaci. Thereafter, the following names were in use: 1047 and 1106 Rubais, 1122 Rosbays, 1166 Rusbais, 1156 and 1202 Robais, 1223 Roubais.
Parallel to the official and usual name Roubaix, some translations are worth a mention. Firstly, though the city has never belonged to the Flemish-speaking area, the seldom-heard renderings Robeke and Roodebeeke are documented for Roubaix. Furthermore, the Dutch Language Union established Robaais as its proper Dutch name. Lastly, one can cite Rosbacum as the definite Latin transcription of Roubaix which has been in use since the 19th century, as recorded on dedication statements sealed in the first stones of the foundations of the City Hall laid in 1840 and the Church of Notre Dame laid in 1842.
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|The arms of Roubaix are blazoned :
Party per pale ermine a chief gules and azure, thereon between two bobbins argent a five-pointed star or in chief, a wool-cards at its centre and a shuttle fesswise in base or, all within a bordure indented of the same.
Inhabitants of Roubaix are known in English as “Roubaisians” and in French as Roubaisiens (pronounced: [ʁu.bɛ.zjɛ̃ ]) or in the feminine form Roubaisiennes (pronounced: [ʁu.bɛ.zjɛn]), also natively called Roubaignos (pronounced: [ʁu.bɛ.njo]) or in the feminine form Roubaignoses (pronounced: [ʁu.bɛ.njoz]).
|From 1962 to 1999: population without double counting
Source: L.E. Marissal for 1716, 1789, 1801, 1805, 1817, 1830 and 1842, Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999 and INSEE from 2004
The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses carried out in the town since 1793 and the research study of Louis-Edmond Marissal, Clerk of the Peace of the city, published in 1844. From the 21st century, communes with more than 10,000 population have sample surveys held every year, unlike other municipalities that have a real census every five years.[note 1][note 2]
Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999
Roubaix evolved into a provincial market town until the end of the Early modern period with a census population of 4,715 inhabitants in 1716. By the late 18th century, the city began to emerge as regional textile manufacturing centre and its population increased, reaching a level of 8,091 in 1800. As a result of the industrialisation process of the 19th century, the need of workers was supplied by rural flight as well as immigration. Belgian settlement was a feature of the Roubaisian life at that time.
During the first-half period of the 19th century, Roubaix ranked the first French town in terms of population growth rate with a five times increase, whereas in the remaining period of this century its population doubled. Within this last time framework, Belgian immigration appeared to be one of the major factor to explain the significantly high population growth, with 30,465 Belgian inhabitants counted in 1866 and 42,103 in 1872. Nonetheless, the rate of natural increase shew to be a more important component of the population growth in that period.
Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999
Occupied by German troops from October 1914 to October 1918, Roubaix belonged to the combat zone of the Western Front during the First World War. Over this occupation period, Roubaisians suffered from dearth, deportation for compulsory labour and unusual casualties with a rather slight population drop from 122,723 to 113,265 between the 1911 and 1921 censuses.
Although the region of Roubaix was subjected many times to the domination of Flanders' rulers throughout its history, Roubaisians have used a local Picard variant as the language of everyday life for centuries. Until the early 20th century this vernacular prevailed. Therefore, French language progressive penetration into local culture should not only be analysed as a result of the industrialisation and urbanisation of the area but should also be considered in terms of public education policies.
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During the Middle Age, the city grew in a northward-facing semicircle around its primitive core, beyond the area spread out between the church Saint Martin and the former fortified castle. The existence of this south boundary remained until the 18th century and marked an urban expansion which mainly occurred on the western and northern sides of the town. Increasing industrialisation, land transport improvement, continued population growth and the resulting need for suitable low cost lands for housing and manufacturing plants, all of which finally led to expand the city southward from the centre, in the 19th century.
Administrative and political affairs
Constituencies and cantons
Roubaix grouped four cantons from 1988 to 2012. Since then, this number has fell to two with Roubaix 1 and Roubaix 2. After the last redistricting of French legislative constituencies in 2010, the city is now divided into two constituencies : Nord's 7th constituency which include the former canton of Roubaix-Ouest and Nord's 8th constituency formed by the following former cantons: Roubaix-Centre, Roubaix-Nord and Roubaix-Est.
Eastern district neighbourhoods
- Trois Ponts
Western district neighbourhoods
Central district neighbourhoods
- Anseelme Motte-Bossut
Northern district neighbourhoods
- Cul de Four
- Fosses aux Chênes
Southern district neighbourhoods
- Chemin Neuf
- Edouard Vaillant
- Nouveau Roubaix
Mayors of the city
|Term start||Term end||Mayor||Party|
|Mai 15, 1892||Decembre 17, 1901||Henri Carette||POF|
|Decembre 26, 1901||January 26, 1902||Edouard Roussel||UDR|
|January 26, 1902||May 19, 1912||Eugène Motte||FR|
|May 19, 1912||March 7, 1915||Jean-Baptiste Lebas||SFIO|
|March 7, 1915||October 21, 1918||Henri Therin||SFIO|
|October 12, 1918||June 1940||Jean-Baptiste Lebas||SFIO|
|June 1940||August 17, 1941||Fleuris Vanherpe||SFIO|
|August 17, 1941||January 1942||Marcel Guislain||SFIO|
|January 1942||May 1942||Alphonse Verbeurgt||SFIO|
|May 22, 1942||August 1942||Charles Bauduin||SFIO|
|August 1942||March 1977||Victor Provo||SFIO then PS|
|March 13, 1977||March 6, 1983||Pierre Prouvost||PS|
|March 6, 1983||May 18, 1994||André Diligent||UDF-CDS|
|May 28, 1994||March 13, 2012||René Vandierendonck||UDF-CDS then miscellaneous left and finally PS|
|March 22, 2012||March 30, 2014||Pierre Dubois||PS|
|April 6, 2014||–||Guillaume Delbar||UMP|
- Bradford, United Kingdom, since 1969
- Mönchengladbach, Germany, since 1969
- Verviers, Belgium, since 1969
- Skopje, Macedonia, since 1973
- Prato, Italy, since 1981
- Sosnowiec, Poland, since 1993
- Covilhã, Portugal, since 2000
- Bouïra, Algeria, since 2003
Historic monuments and buildings
Remarkable buildings, old brick factories and warehouses abound in this once renowned city which was esteemed to be the worldwide textile capital in the early years of the 20th century. Thus, the city inherited one of the most architectural works in the French history and culture of the 19th century industrial revolution and was designated Town of Art and History on Decembre 13, 2000.
Ever since the Ministry of Culture endowed Roubaix with this label, the city has entered the 21st century by promoting its cultural standing as the inheritance of its industrial and social history.
Several profane or sacral buildings of Roubaix are registered as historic monuments.
Art nouveau house
Painting and sculpture
From the end of the Second World War to the beginning of the seventies, a casual group of young artists from Roubaix and the surrounding region was formed and given the name Groupe de Roubaix. Two painters commonly associated with the group are Arthur Van Hecke and Eugène Leroy.
- Discobolos: Wim Delvoye (sculptor), Bruno Dupont (mediator), Fondation de France and city of Roubaix (supporters), ordered by the neighbourhood residents with the members of the Hommelet neighbourhood committee[note 3] and inaugurated on June 5, 2010
- Joan of Arc statue: Maxime Real del Sarte (sculptor), inaugurated on May 27, 1952
- Memorial to Jean-Baptiste Lebas: Albert de Jaeger (sculptor), funded through public subscription and inaugurated on October 23, 1949
- Memorial to Resistance Martyrs of Roubaix: Albert de Jaeger (sculptor), engraved “Roubaix a ses martyrs de la Résistance” and “Ils ont brisé les chaînes de l'oppression”,[note 4] ordered by the City council and inaugurated on November 11, 1948
- Memorial to Eugène Motte: Raoul Bénard (sculptor), Gustave Poubel (architect), funded through public subscription and inaugurated on September 22, 1935
- Memorial to Jean-Joseph Weerts: Alexandre Descatoire (sculptor), ordered by the City council and inaugurated on October 29, 1931
- Memorial to Louis Bossut: Maxime Real del Sarte (sculptor), ordered by the City council and inaugurated on October 4, 1925
- Monuments aux Morts or World War I Memorial of Roubaix: Alexandre Descatoire (sculptor), Jean-Frédéric Wielhorski (architect), engraved “Roubaix à ses enfants morts pour la défense du pays et pour la paix”,[note 5] ordered by the City council and inaugurated on October 18, 1925
- Memorial to Jules Guesde: Georgette Agutte-Sembat (sculptor), Albert Bührer (architect), funded through public subscription and inaugurated on April 12, 1925
- Memorial to Amédée Prouvost: Hippolyte Lefèbvre (sculptor), ordered by the City council and inaugurated on October 29, 1922
- Memorial to Pierre Destombes: Corneille Theunissen (sculptor), engraved “Hortorum, Musicae, Librorumque, Studiosus”,[note 6] ordered by the City council and inaugurated on October 29, 1922
- Memorial to Gustave Nadaud: Alphonse-Amédée Cordonnier (sculptor), Gustave Leblanc-Barbedienne (art founder), inaugurated on October 11, 1896
Roubaix has been home to two major museums of the region Nord-Pas de Calais since the beginning of the 21st century: La Piscine - André Diligent Museum of Art and Industry and La Manufacture - Museum-Workshop; inheriting both of the local socioeconomic history.
Theatre and performing arts centres
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- Centre chorégraphique national Roubaix - Nord-Pas-de-Calais
- Condition publique
- Théâtre de l'Oiseau-Mouche “Le Garage”
- Théâtre Louis Richard
- Théâtre Pierre de Roubaix
The city of Roubaix was the filming location (mostly or partly) of the following films:
- I Am a Soldier (French: Je suis un soldat), directed by Laurent Larivière in 2015
- My Golden Years (French: Trois souvenirs de ma jeunesse), directed by Arnaud Desplechin in 2015
- Discount, directed by Louis-Julien Petit in 2014
- Queens of the Ring (French: Les Reines du ring), directed by Jean-Marc Rudnicki in 2013
- Blue Is the Warmest Colour (French: La Vie d'Adèle – Chapitres 1 & 2), directed by Abdellatif Kechiche in 2013
- A Christmas Tale (French: Un conte de Noël), directed by Arnaud Desplechin in 2008
- The Banishment (Russian: Изгнание, Izgnanie), directed by Andrey Zvyagintsev in 2007
- In His Hands (French: Entre ses mains), directed by Anne Fontaine in 2005
- The Axe (French: Le couperet), directed by Costa-Gavras in 2005
- Save Me (French: Sauve-Moi), directed by Christian Vincent in 2000
- Cities of the Plain (French: Les Cités de la plaine), directed by Robert Kramer in 1999
- The Dreamlife of Angels (French: La Vie rêvée des anges), directed by Erick Zonca in 1998
- Enigma, directed by Jeannot Szwarc in 1983
- Life Is a Long Quiet River (French: La vie est un long fleuve tranquille), directed by Étienne Chatiliez in 1988
- Hurricane Rosy (Italian: Temporale Rosy, French: Rosy la bourrasque), directed by Mario Monicelli in 1979
- Swimming Instructor (French: Le Maître-nageur), directed by Jean-Louis Trintignant in 1979
- Body of My Enemy (French: Le Corps de mon ennemi), directed by Henri Verneuil in 1976
- The Confession (French: L'Aveu), directed by Costa Gavras in 1970
- Struggle In Italy (Italian: Lotte in Italia), directed by the Dziga Vertov Group in 1970
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|This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2015)|
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Primary and secondary education
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- EDHEC Business School
- Decentralisation of the Universities of Lille II and Lille III
- Médiathèque “La Grand'Plage”
- National Archives of the World of Work
Roubaix has an old sporting heritage and is home to the finishing of one of the world's oldest races of professional road cycling at its velodrome: Paris–Roubaix known as the Hell of the North. While Roubaix is famous for its velodrome, there is more to this city than the cycling sports facilities.
The building of indoor and outdoor sports amenities in the city should be associated with its era of economic rise during the industrial revolution, in addition to the development of local sporting clubs and associations.
During the 19th century, Roubaix acquired an international reputation for textile industry and wool production. In the Seventies and Eighties, international competition and automation caused an industrial decline and resulted in the closure of many factories. From that moment on and since the implementation of the French urban policy in the early Eighties, around three-fourth of the town's territory has been regularly assigned specific zoning designations as well as health and welfare plans.
Successive local governments have tried to address difficulties associated with deindustrialisation by attracting new industries, making the most of town's cultural credentials and organising a strong student presence on different campuses. Nevertheless, Roubaix's high level of unemployment remains and the town is listed first among France's poorest cities.
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Commerce and services
Information technology and e-business
A22 autoroute, a French part of the European route E17 from Burgundy to Antwerp, is the only motorway, within a motorway roads network of the highest density in France after Paris, which passes by Roubaix.
The city is also served by the Lille Metro.
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- Stanislas Dehaene (1965-): cognitive psychologist, professor at the Collège de France and author
- Bernard Amadei (1954-): professor of civil engineering at the University of Colorado, founder of Engineers Without Borders (USA)
- Marguerite Dupire (1920-): ethnologist
- Robert Jonckhèere (1888-1974): astronomer
- Joseph Willot (1875-1919): pharmacist and World War I resistance activist
Politicians and professionals
- Karima Delli (1979-): politician, Member of the European Parliament
- Olivier Henno (1962-): politician, mayor of Saint-André-lez-Lille and general councillor
- Benoît Duquesne (1957-2014): journalist, television reporter and newscaster
- Pierre Pribetich (1956-): politician, former Member of the European Parliament
- Marie-Christine Blandin (1952-): politician, member of the Senate of France, representing the Nord department
- Jean-Luc Brunin (1951-): clergyman, bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Le Havre
- Alex Türk (1950-): politician, member of the Senate of France, representing the Nord department
- Bernard Arnault (1949-): business magnate, investor and art collector
- Bruno Masure (1947-): journalist, news anchor and television presenter
- Gérard Mulliez (1931-): businessman, founder of the Auchan chain of department stores
- Robert Diligent (1924-2014): journalist, founding members of Télé Luxembourg
- André Diligent (1919-2002): lawyer and politician, World War II resistance activist, deputy to the National Assembly, senator-mayor of Roubaix
- Marcel Verfaillie (1911-1945): communist militant, World War II resistance activist against Nazism, died in concentration camp
- Pierre Herman (1910-1990): politician, deputy to the National Assembly
- Pierre Pflimlin (1907-2000): lawyer and politician, last Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic
- Raymond Schmittlein (1904-1974): toponymist and politician, deputy to the National Assembly
- Jean-Baptiste Lebas (1898-1944): politician, mayor of Roubaix, deputy to the National Assembly, World War I and II resistance activist, died in deportation custody
- Antoine Cordonnier (1892-1918): military aviator, flying ace during World War I
- Jules Dumont (1888-1943): communist militant, commanded the Commune de Paris Battalion, a unit part of the XI International Brigade
- Jean Prouvost (1885-1978): businessman, media owner and politician
- Agnello van den Bosch (1883-1945): Belgian Catholic Franciscan priest (OFM), founder and president of the Belgian National Work for the Blind, died in concentration camp
- Louis Loucheur (1872-1931): writer and politician, deputy to the National Assembly
- Ferdinand Bonnel (1865-1945): Jesuit priest and missionary in Sri Lanka
- Théodore Vienne (1864-1921): textile manufacturer and co-founder of Paris–Roubaix cycle race
- Eugène Motte (1860-1932): politician and businessman, mayor of Roubaix, deputy to the National Assembly
- Pierre Wibaux (1858-1913): cattle-rancher, banker and gold-mine owner, emigrated from France to the United States
- Jules Guesde (1845-1922): Paris-born socialist journalist and politician, deputy of the constituency of Roubaix to the National Assembly
- Jean Desbouvrie (c. 1840-1847-?): inventor and bird tamer
- Marie Desplechin (1959-): writer and journalist
- Pierre Pierrard (1920-2005): historian
- Michel Décaudin (1919-2004): Romance linguist, literature professor and author
- Octave Vandekerkhove (1911-1987): writer
- Maxence Van Der Meersch (1907-1951): writer
- Yanette Delétang-Tardif (1902-1976): poetess
- Amédée Prouvost (1877-1909): poet
- Jules Feller (1859-1940): Romance linguist and philologist, Belgian academician and Walloon militant
- Kaddour Hadadi (1976-): singer and author known as HK
- Philippe Dhondt (1965-): singer, songwriter and composer known as Boris
- Wanani Gradi Mariadi (1960-): rapper known as Gradur
- Arnaud Desplechin (1960-): film director
- Wladyslaw Znorko (1958-2013): theatre author and director
- Philippe Barraqué (1954-): musicologist, music therapist, composer and singer
- Étienne Chatiliez (1952-): film director
- Philippe Lefebvre (1949-): musician, principal organist of Notre Dame Cathedral of Paris
- Chantal Ladesou (1948-): actress and comedian
- Agnès Guillemot (1931-2005): film editor
- Pierre Jansen (1930-): film music composer
- Elisabeth Yvonne Scatcherd (1928-): film actress known as Yvonne Furneaux
- Charles Gadenne (1925-2012): sculptor
- Georges Delerue (1925-1992): composer who worked on over 350 scores for cinema and television
- Arthur Van Hecke (1924-2003): painter
- Gabrielle Vervaecke (1921-2005): composer and singer known as Gaby Verlor
- Viviane Romance (1912-1991): actress
- Albert de Jaeger (1908-1992): sculptor, printmaker, medallist and smelter
- Charles Bodart-Timal (1897-1971): songwriter and chansonnier
- Jules Gressier (1897-1960): conductor
- Francis Bousquet (1890-1942): Marseille-born composer
- Léon Mathot (1886-1968): film actor and director
- Jean-Joseph Weerts (1846-1927): painter
- Rémy Cogghe (1846-1927): Belgian-born painter who resided in Roubaix
- Gustave Nadaud (1820-1893): songwriter and chansonnier
- Moussa Niakhate (1996-): football player
- Christoffer Mafoumbi (1994-): goalkeeper
- Saoussen Boudiaf (1993-): sabre fencer
- Anthony Knockaert (1991-): football player
- Aliou Dia (1990-): football player
- Antoine Roussel (1989-): ice hockey player
- Pierrick Gunther (1989-): rugby union player
- Idir Ouali (1988-): football player
- Martial Mbandjock (1985-): sprinter
- Seïd Khiter (1985-): football player
- Daouda Sow (1983-): boxer
- Yero Dia (1982-): football player
- Icham Mouissi (1982-): Algerian football player
- David Coulibaly (1978-): football player
- Arnaud Tournant (1978-): track cyclist
- Christophe Landrin (1977-): football midfielder
- Jacques-Olivier Paviot (1976-): football player
- Fatiha Ouali (1974-): race walker
- Michel Breistroff (1971-1996): ice hockey player
- Pierre Dréossi (1959-): former football player, coach and football manager
- Alain Bondue (1959-): racing cyclist
- Jean-Christian Lang (1950-): football manager and former player
- Jacques Carette (1947-): athlete
- René Libeer (1934-2006): boxer
- Jacques Pollet (1922-1997): racing driver
- Jacques Leenaert (1921-2004): football player
- Prudent Joye (1913-1980): track and field athlete
- Georges Beaucourt (1912-2002): football player
- Raymond Dubly (1893-1988): football player
- Jean Alavoine (1888-1943): cyclist
- Charles Crupelandt (1886-1955): Wattrelos-born professional road bicycle racer
- Arthur Balbaert (1879-1938): Belgian sports shooter
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the terms of census have been amended by Act No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, called "grassroots democracy law" on the democracy of proximity and in particular Title V "of census operations", in order, after a power transition period from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with populations greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is carried out annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is included at the end of the same period of five years. The first post-legal population from 1999, and fitting in the new system which came into force on 1 January 2009, is the census of 2006.
- In the census table, by Wikipedia convention, the principle was retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 not to display the census populations in the table corresponding to the year 2006, the first published legal population calculated according to the concepts defined in Decree No. 2003-485 of 5 June 2003, and the years corresponding to an exhaustive census survey for municipalities with less than 10,000 inhabitants, and the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc. For municipalities with more than 10,000, the latest legal population is published by INSEE for all municipalities.
- A local association (as per the 1901 law about association) called “Comité de quartier de l'Hommelet″
- “Roubaix has its martyrs of the Resistance” and “They broke the chains of oppression”
- “Roubaix to his children died in defense of the country and for peace”
- “Friend of the gardens, music and books”
- Pooley, Timothy (December 30, 1996). Chtimi: The Urban Vernaculars of Northern France. Applications in French Linguistics Series. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters Ltd. pp. 15–44. ISBN 978-1-853-59345-1. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- Ezelin, Perrine (April 2, 2015). "European Metropole of Lille Local Action Plan" (PDF). Edinburgh, UK: CSI Europe URBACT. p. 3. Retrieved 2015-07-22.
- URBACT (May 29, 2015). "Lille". Edinburgh, UK. Retrieved 2015-07-22.
- Durand, Frédéric (May 12, 2015). "Theoretical framework of the cross border space production the case of the Eurometropolis Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai" (PDF). Luxembourg, L: EUBORDERSCAPES. p. 18. Retrieved 2015-07-22.
- Geographical Section of the Naval Intelligence Division, Naval Staff, Admiralty I.D. 1168. (February 1918). Hall, Frederick, ed. A Manual of Belgium and the Adjoining Territories. Atlas. Oxford, UK: University Press, HMSO. p. 37. OCLC 10569037. Retrieved 2015-07-08.
- Jäger, Martin (January 12, 2011). "Entfernungen (Luftlinie & Strecke) einfach online berechnen, weltweit" [Calculate distance between two cities in the world (free, with map)] (in German). Ascio Technologies, Inc. Danmark – Filial af Ascio technologies, Inc. USA. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
- Dercourt, Jean; Paquet, Jacques (December 6, 2012) [First published 1985]. Geology: Principles and Methods. Oxford, UK: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 328. ISBN 978-9-400-94956-0. Retrieved 2015-07-24.
- Hack, Robert; Azzam, Rafig; Charlier, Robert (June 14, 2004). Engineering Geology for Infrastructure Planning in Europe: A European Perspective. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 104. Berlin, D: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 605–606. doi:10.1007/b93922. ISBN 978-3-540-21075-7. Retrieved 2015-07-03.
- Claude Motte and Marie-Christine Vouloir, Laboratoire de Démographie historique, EHESS/CNRS; Aleksandra Sarrabezolles, BNF (2007). "Notice communale Ldh/EHESS/Cassini Roubaix". Des villages Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui (in French). Paris, F. Retrieved 2015-07-13.
- The Sanitary Record and Journal of Sanitary and Municipal Engineering 47. London, UK: Sanitary Publishing Company. 1911. p. 3. Retrieved 2015-07-08.
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…and with the Deule by the Canal d'Espierre and that of Roubaix
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The evening of our visit at Roubaix the weather was dreadful — rain and cold wind.
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In the winter, Mrs. Tyng visited us and told us more about Roubaix, but, owing to the extremely cold weather, her audience was small.
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…881 of 887 villa Rusbaci ≺ Germ. rausa = riet + baki = beek…
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In some areas of France, Flemish was spoken by the natives; but since Roubaix lies just outside French Flanders, native Roubaisians spoke only French, hence the language disparity.
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Even very large immigrant communities managed to integrate into the ranks of the Roubaignos (native Roubaisians) through their membership in the working class.
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1716: 4 715; 1789: 8 559; 1801: 8 151; 1805: 8 703; 1817:8 724; 1830: 13 132; 1842: 24,892
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All Merrheim's years living in a French city that was over a third Belgian never made him question the ability of workers of different nationalities to unite.
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D'après un recensement récent, la population de Roubaix s'élève aujourd'hui à 75,987 habitants, dont 42,103 belges. En 1866 le recensement accusait une population totale de 64,706 habitants, dont 30,465 belges.
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The death rate is high; in ordinary times two gravediggers were enough in Roubaix, and now there are six of them
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In fact, the population of Lille-Roubaix-Tourcoing, a combat zone in World War I, fell slightly between 1901 and 1921.
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Viez notes the enduring prevalence of Picard in Roubaix in the early twentieth century despite progressive francization favoured by urbanization and industrialization
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…du parler populaire de Roubaix, tel qu'il était couramment employé avant que l'instruction primaire ne fût devenue obligatoire.
- Leuridan, Théodore (1863). Histoire des institutions communales et municipales de la ville de Roubaix. Histoire de Roubaix (in French) 4. Roubaix, F: Imprimerie J. Reboux. p. 92. OCLC 466447211. Retrieved 2015-07-18.
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…c'est en fait le développement vers le sud qui semble le plus prometteur…
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Le 11 novembre 1948, le ciseau du grand prix de Rome, le Roubaisien Albert de Jaegher, grava leur souvenir dans la pierre d'un monument Aux Martyrs de la Résistance, érigé sur l'ancienne place Chevreul.
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In Roubaix, which has a Socialist majority on the town council, a memorial will be unveiled on Easter Sunday, in honour of Jules Guesde, the great pioneer of Marxian Socialism in France.
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…и кто-то посоветовал, городок Рубе на севере Франции. Это оказалось именно тем, что мы искали…
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The sport is very popular in the North of France, some fifty odd clubs existing in or near Roubaix, where a very large meeting was recently held.
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One of these was Pinault-Printemps-Redoute, a major retailing firm created by the merger of the Printemps-Prisunic department store chain and La Redoute, a leading mail-order house founded by a family of Roubaix wool spinners in the 1920s.
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In the French town of Roubaix in the 1950s, three brothers, members of the Despature family, had a weaving business manufacturing fine woollen cloths.
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C’est en 1932, à Roubaix, que Xavier Toulemonde crée les Filatures des 3 Suisses, qui deviendront par la suite les 3 Suisses.
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In January of 2007, the deal was done and Ankama moved into 75 Boulevard d'Armentières in Roubaix.
- Museum of Art and Industry André Diligent
- Canal of Roubaix
- Roubaix, South Dakota
- André Bizette-Lindet
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- Tourist office website (French) (English) (Dutch)
- Website of the museum of art and industry (French)
- LeBlog2Roubaix.Com (videoblog and WebTv about Roubaix) (French)
- INSEE commune file (French)
- Roubaix at DMOZ (French)