Estevan

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This article is about the city in Saskatchewan, Canada. For other uses, see Estevan (disambiguation).
Estevan
City
City of Estevan
Flag of Estevan
Flag
Nickname(s): The Energy City
Estevan is located in Saskatchewan
Estevan
Estevan
Location of Estevan in Saskatchewan
Coordinates: 49°08′21″N 102°59′10″W / 49.13917°N 102.98611°W / 49.13917; -102.98611Coordinates: 49°08′21″N 102°59′10″W / 49.13917°N 102.98611°W / 49.13917; -102.98611
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
First settler 1892
Village 1899
Town 1906
City March 1, 1957
Government
 • Type Mayor–council government
 • Mayor Roy Ludwig
Area
 • Total 18.85 km2 (7.28 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 11,054
 • Density 586.6/km2 (1,519/sq mi)
Website http://estevan.ca/

Estevan is the eighth largest city in Saskatchewan, Canada. It is located approximately 16 km (9.9 mi) north of the Canada–United States border. The Souris River runs by the city. This city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Estevan No. 5.

History[edit]

The first settlers in what was to become Estevan arrived in 1892, along with the expansion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. It was incorporated as a village in 1899, and later became a town in 1906. On March 1, 1957, Estevan acquired the status of a city, which, in Saskatchewan terms, is any community of 5,000 or more.[1]

The name origin is attributed to George Stephen's Registered Telegraphic Address, Estevan.[2] George Stephen was the first President of the Canadian Pacific Railway from 1881 to 1888.

On December 22, 1915, the 152nd (Weyburn-Estevan) Battalion, CEF was authorised and recruited men from the area before departing to Great Britain on October 3, 1916.

Estevan was the site of the notorious Estevan Riot in 1931. Although most of the strikers were from nearby Bienfait, the strike is associated with Estevan because it was in this city that the demonstrators were met by members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. After the subsequent riot, which lasted 45 minutes, three strikers lay dead. It was later proven that the three miners had been killed by the RCMP. The miners had been organized by the Workers' Unity League.

1981 History Book[edit]

To help celebrate the centenary of settlement in the Estevan area, the Estevan History Book Committee published a handsome, two-volume history of the city entitled A Tale that is Told in 1981. The two volumes present a detailed history of the city and the surrounding area, including information about early pioneers, homesteaders, railroads, churches, schools, and businesses.

Estevan, and the Estevan Coalfield, along the Souris River, viewed from the Space Shuttle, February 2001

Economy[edit]

The major industries in Estevan are coal mining, power generation, oil and gas.

Local media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

The Estevan Mercury, the newspaper in Estevan since 1903, provides weekly distribution to every household in the City free of charge. The newspaper also provides up-to-date news via online editorial copy and local videos.[3] It also has as free TMC newspaper circulated throughout southeast Saskatchewan to over 9,000 homes; the Southeast Trader Express.

Pipeline News, Saskatchewan Petroleum Monthly newspaper is also based out of Estevan. Southeast Saskatchewan has a significant amount of oil production, and the Pipeline News' main office is situated locally to report on these matters.[4]

Estevan Lifestyles is a free circulation weekly publication that shares the stories of the people in the Estevan area and the southeast corner of Saskatchewan. The publication also publishes NewsBreak, a daily coffee paper that is geared towards a lighter reading.[5]

Radio[edit]

CJSL AM 1150, CHSN-FM 102.3, and CKSE-FM 106.1 Discover Estevan is also run by the radio station offering up to date news, weather and sports. All are owned by Golden West Broadcasting.

Arts and culture[edit]

Museums and galleries[edit]

The city of Estevan has two museums, one of which is primarily a gallery.

The Estevan Art Gallery and Museum, formerly the Estevan National Exhibition Centre, was founded in 1978.[6] The Estevan Art Gallery is a free public gallery that showcases contemporary art. The Galleries permanent collection includes woodblock-print works by Andrew King.[7] The Estevan Art Gallery and Museum, EAGM, also features the North West Mounted Police Wood End Post Historical Site, NWMP Museum. This Museum is located in a house which is the oldest known North West Mounted Police Detachment Post in Saskatchewan and holds a collection that relates to the North West Mounted Police and the 1874 March West from Roche Percee to Estevan.[8]

The Souris Valley Museum, SVM, is a local and regional history museum that focuses on human development and daily life within Southeast Saskatchewan. It was founded in 2001, primarily from the collection of Stan Durr. The Museum provides an engaging depiction of the social and cultural influences and economic development of Southeast Saskatchewan. The collection includes the Schneller Schoolhouse, a Threshing Cook Car, a Homesteader Shack, two of Estevan's original Firetrucks and a Heritage Mining Display.[9]

Arts council[edit]

The Estevan Arts Council, founded in 1967, is a non-profit organisation that offers art classes and workshops, adjudicates art shows, hosts concerts and provides a youth art scholarships through the work of volunteers and community donations and grants.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Estevan community profile
2011 2006 2001
Population: 11,054 (9.6% from 2006) 10,084 (-1.5% from 2001) 10,242 (- 4.7% from 1996)
Land area: 18.85 km2 (7.28 sq mi) 17.56 km2 (6.78 sq mi) 17.53 km2 (6.77 sq mi)
Population density: 586.6/km2 (1,519/sq mi) 574.4/km2 (1,488/sq mi) 584.4/km2 (1,514/sq mi)
Median age: 37.1 (M: 35.0, F: 39.3) 35.3 (M: 33.6, F: 36.8)
Total private dwellings: 4,789 4,455 4,355
Median household income: $62,630 $53,841
References: 2011[11] 2006[12] 2001[13]
SaskPower Boundary Dam Power Station one of two coal fired generating stations in Estevan.

Climate[edit]

Estevan has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) It falls into the NRC Plant Hardiness Zone 4a.[14]

Estavan climates is characterized by cold, long and dry winters and warm, short and relatively humid summers. The mean temperature in January, the coldest month, is −13.7 °C (7.3 °F).[15] The precipitation in winter[16] is chiefly snow, averaging 56.0 cm (22.05 in).[15] The spring is a short transitional season, with a mean temperature of 4.4 °C (39.9 °F) and 107.3 mm (4.22 in) of precipitation, with significant snowfall in April.[15] The summer is usually warm (the mean average high temperature is 25.3 °C (77.5 °F) (average high in July, the warmest month, is 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) and humid (190.8 mm (7.51 in) of total precipitation).[15] Autumn, as spring, is transitional, being warm in September and cooler in October and November. At this time of the year, the average temperature is 4.6 °C (40.3 °F) and the total precipitation is 85.9 mm (3.38 in).[15] Estevan is the sunniest city year-round in Canada, and it is also the city with the clearest skies year round in Canada.[17]

The highest temperature ever recorded in Estevan was 43.3 °C (110 °F) on 5 July 1936,[18] and 5 July 1937.[19] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −46.7 °C (−52 °F) on 11 January 1916,[20] and 16 February 1936.[21]

Climate data for Estevan Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1900–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 11.2 16.8 23.0 31.6 37.6 43.5 52.0 44.1 38.9 33.3 21.5 12.8 52.0
Record high °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
17.0
(62.6)
26.1
(79)
32.2
(90)
38.7
(101.7)
39.1
(102.4)
43.3
(109.9)
41.1
(106)
38.3
(100.9)
33.3
(91.9)
22.1
(71.8)
15.6
(60.1)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−5.3
(22.5)
1.5
(34.7)
12.2
(54)
18.6
(65.5)
23.0
(73.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.1
(79)
20.0
(68)
11.7
(53.1)
1.3
(34.3)
−6.5
(20.3)
10.1
(50.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.7
(7.3)
−10.7
(12.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
5.3
(41.5)
11.5
(52.7)
16.5
(61.7)
19.4
(66.9)
18.6
(65.5)
12.6
(54.7)
5.1
(41.2)
−4.1
(24.6)
−11.8
(10.8)
3.7
(38.7)
Average low °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−16.1
(3)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
4.3
(39.7)
9.8
(49.6)
12.3
(54.1)
11.1
(52)
5.1
(41.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
−9.4
(15.1)
−17.1
(1.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
Record low °C (°F) −46.7
(−52.1)
−46.7
(−52.1)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−25.0
(−13)
−10.6
(12.9)
−3.9
(25)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−11.1
(12)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−32.8
(−27)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−46.7
(−52.1)
Record low wind chill −55.5 −60.0 −50.5 −35.0 −17.7 −7.7 0.0 −4.0 −13.0 −31.2 −43.8 −55.4 −60.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.4
(0.724)
14.1
(0.555)
22.1
(0.87)
23.7
(0.933)
56.2
(2.213)
74.8
(2.945)
67.5
(2.657)
51.7
(2.035)
36.1
(1.421)
28.0
(1.102)
17.5
(0.689)
17.1
(0.673)
427.0
(16.811)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.67
(0.0264)
1.2
(0.047)
7.1
(0.28)
16.3
(0.642)
52.1
(2.051)
74.8
(2.945)
67.5
(2.657)
51.7
(2.035)
35.7
(1.406)
20.4
(0.803)
3.7
(0.146)
0.49
(0.0193)
331.6
(13.055)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 22.2
(8.74)
15.3
(6.02)
16.5
(6.5)
7.9
(3.11)
4.0
(1.57)
0.05
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.47
(0.185)
7.7
(3.03)
16.4
(6.46)
20.1
(7.91)
110.7
(43.58)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 10.1 8.1 8.9 8.1 11.5 13.5 11.1 10.0 9.0 7.7 7.7 10.6 116.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.63 0.87 3.1 5.9 11.1 13.5 11.1 10.0 8.8 5.9 1.9 0.87 73.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 10.8 8.4 7.1 3.2 0.97 0.03 0.0 0.0 0.37 2.4 6.8 11.4 51.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 113.8 135.9 178.6 230.1 257.3 276.2 324.8 292.8 213.2 170.8 111.6 99.2 2,404.3
Percent possible sunshine 42.2 47.5 48.6 56.0 54.3 57.0 66.4 65.6 56.2 50.9 40.5 38.6 52.0
Source: [15][22][20][21][18][19]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Salmers, G.C. (2006). "Estevan". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Great Plains Research Center. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 
  2. ^ Saskatchewan Business. "Estevan". Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  3. ^ estevanmercury.ca. estevanmercury.ca. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  4. ^ pipelinenews.ca. pipelinenews.ca. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  5. ^ Estevan Lifestyles. Sasklifestyles.com. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  6. ^ Sain Collections – Estevan National Exhibition Centre. Sain.scaa.sk.ca. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  7. ^ Estevan Art Gallery & Museum – Permanent Collection. Estevanartgallery.com. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  8. ^ Estevan Art Gallery & Museum – North West Mounted Police Museum. Estevanartgallery.com. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  9. ^ About. Souris Valley Museum. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  10. ^ About. Estevan Arts Council. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  11. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-04-13. 
  12. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-27. 
  13. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-08-27. 
  14. ^ "Plant Hardiness Zone by Municipality". Natural Resources Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Estevan A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  16. ^ Spring is March, April and May. Summer is June, July and August. Autumn is September, October and November. Winter is December, January and February.
  17. ^ Environment Canada (2009-08-12). "The Atlas of Canada – Weather". Archived from the original on April 21, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  18. ^ a b "July 1936". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "July 1937". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  20. ^ a b "January 1916". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  21. ^ a b "February 1936". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  22. ^ "Estevan (1900-1944)". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Climate data for Estevan was collected in the city of Estevan from 1900–1944, and at Estevan Airport from 1944 to the present day.

External links[edit]