Euploea klugii

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Brown king crow
Brown King Crow (Euploea klugii) (6318696296).jpg
Scientific classification
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E. klugii
Binomial name
Euploea klugii
Moore, 1858

Euploea klugii, the king crow,[1] is a butterfly found in India[1] and Southeast Asia that belongs to the crows and tigers, that is, the danaid group of the brush-footed butterflies family.[2]

Description[edit]

PademmaKlugii 42 1.jpg

Male: Forewing very variable in shape, especially in the outline of the termen and dorsum. In the type it is comparatively long in proportion to width owing to the less convexity of the dorsal margin, and has the termen oblique, slightly convex; in var. novarae it is remarkably broad, the great convexity of the dorsal margin making it almost subquadrate, while the termen is more convex than in the typical form. In the female the difference is less marked.[3]

Typical form. Upperside: forewing dark brown suffused up to the terinen with a brilliant blue gloss; a spot iu apex of cell, a small costal spot, two short streaks beyond apex of cell, and in the female two discal spots: in the six subterminal and terminal series of spots; in the female the latter series wanting: in both sexes the subterminal spots produced inwards. All the spots bluish white in colour. Hindwing umber-brown, the centre glossed with blue; subterminal rows of spots incomplete or obsolescent, the former reduced to two or three spots below the apex, the latter in the male mere dots; in the female absent, only seen by transparency from the underside.[3]

At Jayanti in Buxa Tiger Reserve in Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal, India
Mating

Underside similar, paler brown, not glossed with blue; centre of forewing dark, spots more clearly defined, subterminal and terminal series more or less complete- Antennae black; head, thorax and abdomen velvety brown, head and thorax speckled with bluish white.[3]

Race kollari Upperside, very dark olive-brown, paling to lighter brown towards the termen; both wings with complete or nearly complete series of subterminal and terminal white spots, the former larger than the latter, in the tore wing decreasing in size towards, and curving inwards opposite, the apex; in the hindwing elongate-oval, much larger than the terminal spots, these latter very regular, two in each interspace in the forewing, obsolete towards the apex. Underside of a paler olive-brown, the spots as on upperside, with the addition in the forewing of two to four discal spots, that in interspace two the largest, and a small costal spot; in the hindwing of one or two discal specks. Antennae very dark brown; head, thorax and abdomen dark brown, the former two speckled sparsely with white.[3][4]

Distribution[edit]

Peninsular India, Sri Lanka and the Malay region. Many geographic races.

Subspecies[edit]

The subspecies of Euploea klugii are,[1][2]

  • Euploea klugii klugii (Moore, 1857) (Northern Bihar; Sikkim to N.E. India., N.Burma)
  • Euploea klugii erichsonii (C. & R. Felder, 1865) (S.Burma, N.Malaya)
  • Euploea klugii kollari ( C. & R. Felder, 1865) (Gujarat eastwards to W. Bengal and Odisha in India)
  • Euploea klugii sinhala ( Moore, 1877) (Sri Lanka)
  • Euploea klugii minorata (Moore, 1878) (Hainan)
  • Euploea klugii burmeisteri (Moore, 1883) (Thailand, Indo-China, ?SE.China, ?Hainan)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Varshney, R.K.; Smetacek, Peter (2015). A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India. New Delhi: Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal & Indinov Publishing, New Delhi. pp. 152–153. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3966.2164. ISBN 978-81-929826-4-9.
  2. ^ a b "Euploea klugii Moore, [1858]". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a work now in the public domain: Bingham, Charles Thomas (1905). Fauna of British India. Butterflies Vol. 1. pp. 39–41.
  4. ^ One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a work now in the public domain: Moore, Frederic (1890–1892). Lepidoptera Indica. Vol. I. London: Lovell Reeve and Co. pp. 117–119.CS1 maint: date format (link)