Ezra T. Newman
Ezra T. Newman
|Alma mater||The Bronx H.S. of Science|
New York University
|Known for||Newman–Penrose formalism|
|Institutions||University of Pittsburgh|
|Doctoral advisor||Peter Bergmann|
Ezra Theodore Newman (born October 17, 1929) is an American physicist, known for his many contributions to general relativity theory. He is Professor Emeritus at the University of Pittsburgh. Newman was awarded the 2011 Einstein Prize from the American Physical Society:
For outstanding contributions to theoretical relativity, including the Newman–Penrose formalism, Kerr–Newman solution, Heaven, and null foliation theory. For his intellectual passion, generosity and honesty, which have inspired and represented a model for generations of relativists.
He was admitted to the Bronx High School of Science, where he excelled at physics. Ted's father hoped that he would follow him into dentistry, but instead Ted enrolled at New York University to further his study of physics, graduating with a B.A. in 1951. For graduate education he went to Syracuse University, obtaining an M.A. in 1955 and a Ph.D. the following year.
Career in physics
Newman joined the University of Pittsburgh faculty in 1956, becoming professor of physics in 1966. He was a visiting professor at Syracuse University in 1960/61 and at Kings College, University of London in 1964/65. In 1957 he served as consultant at Wright–Patterson Air Force Base.
In 1962, together with Roger Penrose, he introduced the powerful Newman–Penrose formalism for working with spinorial quantities in general relativity. The following year he and coworkers extended Abraham H. Taub's solution to the Einstein field equation obtaining the Taub–NUT space. He also generalized the Kerr metric developed by Roy Kerr to include a charged body, resulting in the Kerr–Newman metric.
Some of his most interesting recent work has involved the problem of reconstructing the gravitational field within some region from observations of how optical images are lensed as light rays pass through the region.
Newman was selected as a Fellow of the American Physical Society in 1972.
Newman married Sally Faskow on April 20, 1958.
His son, David E. Newman, is currently a Professor of Physics at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and his daughter, Dara Newman, is currently Parent Education Director at Families First Missoula following a career in quantitative genetics and conservation biology.
- Frittelli, Simonetta; Kling, Thomas P.; Newman, Ezra T. (2000). "Image distortion from optical scalars in non perturbative gravitational lensing". Physical Review D. 63 (2). arXiv:gr-qc/0011108. Bibcode:2001PhRvD..63b3007F. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.63.023007.
- Newman, E. T.; Couch, E.; Chinnapared, K.; Exton, A.; Prakash, A.; Torrence, R. J. (1965). "Metric of a rotating charged mass". J. Math. Phys. 6 (6): 918. Bibcode:1965JMP.....6..918N. doi:10.1063/1.1704351.
- Newman, E. T.; Penrose, R. (1962). "An approach to gravitational radiation by a method of spin coefficients". J. Math. Phys. 3 (3): 566. Bibcode:1962JMP.....3..566N. doi:10.1063/1.1724257.
- Allen G. Debus (1968) Who's Who in Science, page 1250, A. N. Marquis
- Paul Basken (February 13, 2011) A Humble Heavyweight in Physics Finally Gets His Due, Chronicle of Higher Education
- Newman, E. T.; Tamburino, L. A.; & Unti, T. (1963). "Empty-space generalization of the Schwarzschild metric". J. Math. Phys. 4 (7): 915. Bibcode:1963JMP.....4..915N. doi:10.1063/1.1704018.
- Newman, E. T. (1973). "Maxwell's equations and complex Minkowski space". Journal of Mathematical Physics. The American Institute of Physics. 14 (1): 102. Bibcode:1973JMP....14..102N. doi:10.1063/1.1666160. (Subscription required (help)).
- "APS Fellow Archive". American Physical Society. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
- Ezra (Ted) Newman from University of Pittsburgh
- "2011 Einstein Prize Recipient". Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- "Pitt Physicist Receives 2011 Einstein Prize for Lifetime Contributions To Understanding, Reshaping Einstein's Theory of General Relativity". Retrieved November 21, 2010.