Farm Radio International
Farm Radio International logo
Geographical target area
|Formation||May 1, 1979 by George Atkins|
|English & French|
|17 (according to annual report 2007/2008)|
Farm Radio International, Farm Radio International, or Radios Rurales Internationales (official French name), is a Canadian non-profit organization that was founded in 1979 by CBC Radio broadcaster George Atkins. The organization is headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario, where it has become the first international non-profit organization to work uniquely with radio broadcasters to improve food security and agricultural methods for small-scale farmers in African countries using communication for development methods.
Farm Radio International targets its work towards small-scale farmers and rural communities in Africa. They use radio, a tool that is easily accessed in sub-Saharan Africa, to communicate information on low-cost and sustainable farming practices. This allows farmers, often among the most vulnerable to hunger, malnutrition and poverty, but who also produce and provide the majority of food on the continent, to gain valuable information through radio programs, which can improve their knowledge and help grow and improve their farming practices. Farm Radio International states that across Africa, 2% of farmers have landline access, 3% have internet access, and 18% have mobile phones. In contrast, 76% of farmers have radio set access, making radio an effective way to share farming practices. However, the access to mobile phones has been increasing quite rapidly, making mobile phones another effective way for Farm Radio International to share farming practices.
Farm Radio International works with hundreds of broadcasting partners, where they have surpassed 700 radio station partnerships in 40 sub-Saharan African countries. These partnerships have allowed Farm Radio International to create radio resources, mobile innovations, and projects, which have reached millions of small-scale farmers, providing them with information that may have been inaccessible otherwise.
The organization was founded in 1979 by George Atkins, journalist at CBC Radio, under the name Developing Countries Farm Radio Network (DCFRN). During a trip to Zambia in 1975, Mr. Atkins found that there was a lack of information about simple farming techniques for African smallholder farmers. Four years later a first script package was sent out to broadcasters and DCFRN was created.
Following the start-up in 1979, the main priority of the organization was sending scripts and other useful materials to broadcasters in 100 developing countries. During this time, it was believed that with their efforts, information was reached to 100 million people.
In 2000, communication specialists as well as the organization's principal donor began to question the approach that the organization had taken. The organization began a four-year revamp, where they restructured their mission, programs and funding. After the organization had been restructured, they focused on lessons in behaviour change communication, communications for development, management, and how people learn.
In 2008 the organization changed its name to Farm Radio International.
Scale of Operations
Farm Radio International has numerous offices, the Canadian headquarters, which is based in Ottawa, Ontario, and several other offices throughout Africa. Those locations include Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Farm Radio International has reached 700 radio partners in 40 sub-Saharan African countries, some including Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Kenya, and Nigeria. Through these partnerships, Farm Radio International has been able to reach a potential audience of 100 million.
Farm Radio International uses a 3 pillar approach, which includes…
- Radio Resources: Farm Radio International has created four different resources for radio broadcasters in Africa to improve their radio programs.
- Resource Packs: information packages that include scripts and other useful resources for broadcasters, including interviews, backgrounders, and more.
- Barza Wire: a weekly news service, which shares relevant stories to small-scale farmers and rural communities in Africa.
- eDiscussions: online discussions that bring together broadcasters and subject matter experts.
- Training: a range of online and in-person learning opportunities for African radio broadcasters that help them improve the quality of their programs for farmers.
- Radio Projects: development projects delivered over the radio, which allow farmers to listen in and receive important and helpful information for their farming practices.
- Radio Innovations: develop new program formats by combining radio with interactive ICTs like mobile phones, which make radio more effective, dynamic and interactive.
Farm Radio International has had many notable donors, including United States Agency for International Development, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Grand Challenges Canada, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Global Affairs Canada, the World Food Programme(WFP), the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), and the Rockefeller Foundation. Donors play an important role on the work of Farm Radio International, specifically, funding for projects.
- Farm Radio International has eight core values, which play a large role in their works, those being…
- Equitable Development
- Community Self-Reliance
- Sharing Knowledge
- Use of Media
- Integrity and Solidarity
- Environmental Sustainability
- International Solidarity
Farm Radio International has had an enormous impact on small-scale farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. They have used evaluations to determine that their radio programs are listened to regularly by 40-60 percent of potential listeners, which leads to 20 percent of listeners applying new and more productive practices on their farms.
Farm Radio International has released research publications on strategies that can benefit the effectiveness of radio. For example, adding in an interactive factor into radio through the use of ICTs and digital technologies. The research stated that participatory strategies including the use of interactive ICTs can help to engage audiences, increase knowledge of agricultural improvements and innovations, and contribute to higher levels of adoption than result from listening alone. The focus on interactivity also has the potential to contribute to women's empowerment by giving them a voice, facilitating their involvement in decision-making, and strengthening their social capital (Farnworth & Colverson, 2015). Research of this form is beneficial for future projects, in order to understand what might be an important factor to facilitate.
Farm Radio International also launched the African Farm Radio Research Initiative (AFRRI), which was used to assess the effectiveness of farm radio on meeting the food security objectives of rural farming households in Africa. This initiative was important due to the fact that there are not many studies, which look at the effectiveness of radio in improving food security. The initiative allowed Farm Radio International to gain insight on what types of projects and work would be beneficial.
Farm Radio International has implemented numerous radio projects, which have not only reached and benefited mass amounts of famers, but also non-farmers in sub-Saharan Africa.
Each project has a specific goal and is created and designed differently. The projects are delivered weekly for a certain amount of weeks, in hopes to fulfill their goals. Each project may use a different approach, some may be based on interaction, gender inclusiveness, storytelling, or engagement through community listening groups.
One project, known as “Innovation for Food Security”, which was based in Mali, had a goal to improve the household consumption of nutritious food by vulnerable communities. The project was funded by Save the Children US, USAID, and was designed to be gender inclusive and accessible to women. This allowed women to participate in food-related discussions and decisions on air. The project produced 12 episodes with roughly 108,000 listeners, which was 77% of the small target area. Through the project, listeners knowledge on nutrition more than tripled, and amongst women, it increased more than ninefold.
Another project, known as “My Children II”, which was based in Uganda, had a goal to combat vitamin A deficiency by promoting the production and consumption of orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP). The project was funded by HarvestPlus, and was designed as a radio drama, which used storytelling to explain the benefits of OFSP. This project was broadcast in 7 different languages by 13 stations, this resulting in a potential audience of 16 million people, which is considered to be 39% of the entire country.
Fundraising and Effectiveness
Farm Radio International benefits greatly from the financial support of individuals, groups, corporations and foundations. The financial support allows Farm Radio International to create a variety of opportunities, such as producing radio scripts for broadcasters, providing training programs for broadcasters, and ultimately, improve food security and reduce poverty in developing countries. According to Charity Intelligence Canada, “Farm Radio International is a big-cap charity with donations of $5.4m in F2016. Administrative costs are 9% of revenues and fundraising costs are 5% of donations. Per dollar donated to the charity, $0.86 goes to the cause. Farm Radio International has also consistently received a four star rating from the organization.
- In 2010, Farm Radio International received the Farmer Voice Award.
- In 2012, Farm Radio International received the Innovation Challenge Award by the Rockefeller Foundation.
- In 2013, Farm Radio International received the Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC).
- In 2015, Farm Radio International received the WSIS Project Prize from the World Summit of the Information Society.
- "Sector: International Aid Operating Charity". Charity Intelligence Canada. Charity Intelligence Canada.
- Farm Radio Network - History of the Network
- E. Hudson, Heather; Leclair, Mark; Pelletier, Bernard; Sullivan, Bartholomew (2017). "Using radio and interactive ICTs to improve food security among smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa" (PDF). Digital Economy, Data Sciences and New Media.
- "AFRRI". Farm Radio International. Farm Radio International.
- "Sector: International Aid Operating Charity". Charity Intelligence Canada. Charity Intelligence Canada.