Feklistova Island

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Feklistova
Остров Феклистова
Island
Map of the Shantar Islands.
Map of the Shantar Islands.
Feklistova is located in Khabarovsk Krai
Feklistova
Feklistova
Coordinates: 55°0′N 136°57′E / 55.000°N 136.950°E / 55.000; 136.950
Country Russian Federation
Federal subject Far Eastern Federal District
Krai Khabarovsk Krai
Area
 • Total 372 km2 (144 sq mi)
Elevation 415 m (1,362 ft)

Feklistova or Feklistov Island (Остров Феклистова; Ostrov Feklistova) is one of the Shantar Islands in Sea of Okhotsk. With an area of 372 km², it is the second largest in the archipelago.[1]

Geography[edit]

Feklistova is 24 km (15 mi) west to east and 19.3 km (12 mi) north to south.[2] It lies about 20 km (12.4 mi) to the west of Bolshoy Shantar Island, the main island in the group. Feklistov Island is covered with taiga forest and has a 3 km (1.8 mi) long lake on its northern shore separated from the sea by a spit of land.[3]

Administratively this island belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation.

This island is part of the "Kondyor-Feklistov metallogenic belt" (KD) owing to the presence of placers [4] which include minerals like "blacksand platinum".[5] The "Kondyor-Feklistov metallogenic belt" is one of the major metallogenic belts of Northeast Asia. It is assumed that it formed by an oblique subduction of the oceanic crust of the Mongol-Okhotsk paleoocean under the southern margin of the Siberian continent.

History[edit]

Between 1852 and 1885, American whaleships cruised for bowhead whales off Feklistova Island.[6][7] They also anchored in Lebyazhya Bay on the south side of the island to stow down[8] or boil oil,[9] flense whales,[10] and obtain wood and water[11] or shelter from storms.[12] They referred to the anchorage itself as Feklistova Harbor.[13] The ship Lexington, of Nantucket, reported sixteen other whaleships anchored in Feklistova Harbor, of which five were boiling oil; seven more were seen coming in.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russia Guide - Location
  2. ^ United States. (1918). Asiatic Pilot, Volume 1: East coast of Siberia, Sakhalin Island and Chosen. Washington: Hydrographic Office.
  3. ^ GoogleEarth
  4. ^ Placer on Feklistov Island
  5. ^ Platinum
  6. ^ Arctic, of Fairhaven, Sep. 20, 1852. In Gelett, C. W. (1917). A life on the ocean: Autobiography of Captain Charles Wetherby Gelett. Honolulu, Hawaii: Hawaiian Gazette Co., Ltd.
  7. ^ Arnolda, of New Bedford, Sep. 24-26, Oct. 4-6, 14-17, 1874, Old Dartmouth Historical Society; Mary and Helen II, of San Francisco, Aug. 10-12, Aug. 18-23, 1885, Kendall Whaling Museum (KWM).
  8. ^ Daniel Wood, of New Bedford, Sep. 23, 1857, Nicholson Whaling Collection (NWC).
  9. ^ Harrison, of New Bedford, Sep. 4–6, 1853, NWC.
  10. ^ William Wirt, of New Bedford, July 27, 1855, NWC.
  11. ^ Mary Frazier, of New Bedford, Aug. 14–19, 1859, NWC.
  12. ^ Josephine, of New Bedford, Sep. 23-25, 1861, KWM.
  13. ^ Louisa, of New Bedford, Sep. 11-14, 1858, NWC.
  14. ^ Lexington, of Nantucket, Sep. 1, 1855, Nantucket Historical Association.

External links[edit]