Feofaniya

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Feofaniya
Feofania 01 dgri.jpg
The Feofaniya Park, with St. Panteleimon's Convent looming in the distance.
Typepublic city park
LocationHolosiiv Raion
Nearest cityKiev
Coordinates50°20′27″N 30°29′13″E / 50.34083°N 30.48694°E / 50.34083; 30.48694Coordinates: 50°20′27″N 30°29′13″E / 50.34083°N 30.48694°E / 50.34083; 30.48694
Created1992
Foundergovernment
Etymologybishop Feofan
Operated byNational Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
StatusMonument of Garden Artistry
WebsiteThe Official Site of Feofaniya park
View onto the lower ponds.

Feofaniya (Ukrainian: Феофанія; also called Theophania) is a park located in the historical neighborhood on a tract near the southern outskirts of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. The neighborhood is located in the administrative Holosiivskyi Raion (district) amidst the neighborhoods of Holosiiv, Teremky, Pyrohiv and Khotiv. The park's total area is about 1.5 km2 (0.58 sq mi). The first Soviet computer, MESM, was built in Feofaniya.

Feofaniya was first mentioned in 1471 as Lazorivschyna (Лазорівщина), which at the time belonged to an owner named Khodiki.[1] The name is said to derive from a monk named Lazar. In the 17th century, the area was referred to as Shakhravschyna (Шахравщина).[2]

The modern name Feofaniya dates back to 1803 when Feofan Shiyanov settled in the area, set aside for charity purposes. During the 1860s, Feofaniya belonged to the St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery in central Kiev. Buildings built in the area were constructed in the Ukrainian Baroque style, however, they did not survive.[2] In 1919, Feofaniya was converted to the Soviet state farm, and later transformed into the main observatory for the Institute of Botany of the Ukrainian Academy of Science.

In 1972, Feofaniya was declared a park, and from 1992—a government designated park, which belongs to the "Feofaniya" conservatory of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine. Reconstruction work began on the area in 2004,[3] which, when finished (projected in 2008) will include new landscaping, water and canal features.[4][5]

Located near Feofaniya are the St. Panteleimon's Convent,[6] the Nikolay Bogolyubov Institute of Theoretical Physics,[7] and the Government Clinical Hospital "Feofaniya."[8]

Objects of interests[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Feofaniya". Wiki-Encyclopedia Kiev (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-02-13.
  2. ^ a b Kudrytskyi, A. (1981). Kyiv, Encyclopedic Directory. Kiev: Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. p. 649.
  3. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers No. 654-р: Про затвердження ескізного проекту реконструкції та благоустрою парку - пам'ятки садово-паркового мистецтва загальнодержавного значення "Феофанія". Adopted on 2004-09-08. (Ukrainian)
  4. ^ "Kiev park "Feofania" plans to finish reconstruction works in 2008". podrobnosti.ua (in Russian). August 15, 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-02-21. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
  5. ^ Hryhorenko, Olga (July 17–23, 2004). "Feofaniya — the new "Tsar's Village"?". Mirror Weekly (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on August 2, 2012. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
  6. ^ "Saint-Panteleimon Women's Monastery in Feofaniya of Kiev". feofaniaskit.kiev.ua (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
  7. ^ "Institute for Theoretical Physics". bitp.kiev.ua. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
  8. ^ "Clinical Hospital "Feofaniya" of the Government Authority on Health". Government Authority on Health (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2008-02-14. Retrieved 2008-02-13.

External links[edit]