Filene's Department Store
Filene's Department Store
|Architect||Daniel H. Burnham & Co.|
|Architectural style||Beaux Arts|
|NRHP Reference #|||
|Added to NRHP||July 24, 1986|
Filene's Department Store was a historic department store building at 426 Washington Street in Downtown Crossing, Boston, Massachusetts. It was the flagship store of the Filene's department store chain. The building has been renovated and now serves as the offices for Havas and Arnold Worldwide. The building is partly maintained as part of the Millennium Tower under construction as of 2016.
Development and use
The building was completed in 1912 as a new flagship location for William Filene and Sons' department store, better known as Filene's. By 1929 Filene’s expanded the flagship building, converting the whole block around Washington, Summer, Hawley and Franklin streets into one department store. This was the last major project by legendary Chicago architect Daniel Burnham and his only work in Boston. This building was widely regarded as one of the best examples of Beaux Arts architecture in Boston.
In 1986, the Filene's Building was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 2006, Filene's stores were merged with Macy's phasing out the Filene's name. In a normal store merger, the old stores are converted into the new stores. But this was a problem in Boston, because the Filene's building was located across the street from another Macy's store. When Filene's did close, the Boston Landmarks Commission unanimously voted to protect two of the historic buildings that housed Filene's in Boston. The two oldest buildings were protected including the main 1912 Filene's store building and a 1905 former glassware and china seller's building on the opposite corner. Two newer buildings, built in 1951 and 1973, were not protected, and were demolished in 2008.
Sale and refurbishment
After the store closed, the building was put up for sale and was eventually bought by Vornado Realty Trust of New York. Vornado teamed up with Gale International for a $700 million redevelopment of the Filene's site. The project contained a 39-story tower including a 280-room hotel, 125-seat restaurant, 475,000 square feet (44,100 m2) of office space, 166 residential condos, 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2) of retail space, and an adjacent park. Although the Filene’s Building is protected by the Landmarks Commission, it only protected the facade of the buildings. This allowed the developers of the site to rip out the building's interior, leaving the exterior to stand on its own. However, when the project ran out of money, the site was left completely gutted and missing walls from the razed 1951 and 1973 additions. The city of Boston eventually revoked the permit on the project.
The site was taken over by another developer, Millennium Partners of New York. Plans include 135,000 square feet (12,500 m2) of retail on the lower floors and nearly 200,000 square feet (19,000 m2) office space on the upper floors, including a restoration of many original architectural details. The project also includes a glass tower next door, which will contain 450 luxury residences and another 95,000 square feet (8,800 m2) of retail space.
Irish clothing company Primark opened its first US store September 10, 2015 on the first four floors of the restored Burnham Building; Roche Bros. supermarket occupy the basement, with an additional grab-and-go shop at street level on Summer Street. Havas and Arnold Worldwide occupy floors 5-8.
- Millennium Tower (Boston, Massachusetts)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in northern Boston, Massachusetts
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- http://www.dshistory.com/stores/filenes_boston/ Remembering Great American Department Stores
- http://www.boston.com/realestate/news/articles/2006/05/10/city_makes_filenes_site_a_landmark/ City makes Filene's site a landmark. Two of 4 buildings must be preserved
- "City OK's redevelopment of historic Filene's block". The Boston Globe. August 18, 2007.
- "Filene’s project to resume as major tenant signed". Boston Globe. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
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