Foundation nail dedicated by Gudea to Ningirsu.
Fenestrated silver axehead, Middle Bronze Age, found near Byblos
In the case of Ancient Egypt, foundation deposits took the form of ritual mudbrick lined pits or holes dug at specific points under temples or tombs, which were filled with ceremonial objects, usually amulets, scarabs, food, or ritual miniature tools, and were supposed to prevent the building from falling into ruin.
- Gerritsen, Fokke Albert (2003). Local Identities: Landscape and Community. Amsterdam University Press. pp. 63–64. ISBN 9789053565889.
- Shaw, Ian (2000). The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-19-815034-3.
- "Foundation deposit (Glossary entry)". Theban Mapping Project. Retrieved 2007-06-17.