Franciszek Maksymilian Ossoliński

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Franciszek Maksymilian Ossoliński
Franciszek Maksymilian Ossolinski (1676-1756).jpg
Coat of arms Topór
Born (1676-04-02)April 2, 1676
unknown
Died July 1, 1756(1756-07-01) (aged 80)
Jarville-la-Malgrange, Lorraine
Noble family Ossoliński
Spouse(s) Katarzyna Miączyńska
Katarzyna Jabłonowska
Issue
Father Maksymilian Ossoliński
Mother Teodora Krassowska

Count Franciszek Maksymilian Ossoliński (April 2, 1676 – July 1, 1756) was a Polish nobleman, politician, diplomat and a patron of arts.

Son of Łowczy and Chorąży Maksymilian Ossoliński and Teodora Krassowska. He was married in 1706 to Katarzyna Miączyńska and in 1732, in Lwów, married Katarzyna Jabłonowska, the daughter of Grand Chancellor Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski.

He was Chorąży of Drohiczyn from 1703 to 1710, Court Treasurer in 1713, Grand Treasurer of the Crown from 1729 to 1736, Wielkorządca of Kraków, Żupnik of salt-pits in Bochnia and Wieliczka in 1727.

Governor of Sandomierz, Nur, Ostrów, Drohiczyn, Chmielnik and Niepołomice.

His political and military career began at the end of the 17th century under patronage of Stanisław Antoni Szczuka. He was private secretary to Augustus II and one of his closest co-workers. He was a strong supporter of giving more power to the King. His policy as Grand Treasurer, induced an increase in income from customs duties.

He was a frequent deputy to the Sejm from 1718. As Sejm Marshal of the ordinary Sejm in Warsaw, May 5 November 16, 1722, he warned that broken sessions of the Sejm, could lead to the downfall and the end of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

In 1733 he signed the election of Stanisław I as King of Poland and commanded armed forces in the defence of the monarch. After the capitulation of Gdańsk in 1734 he was captured by the Russian army.

He refused to submit to King Augustus III and after 1736 he stayed at the court of Stanisław I Leszczyński in Lunéville, Lorraine.

His later years were spent in support of various cultural and social activities and he began to collect art. His famous library which he founded in Lwów, the so-called Ossolineum, initiated the beginning of the Ossoliński Institute.

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