Freshwater biology

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Freshwater biology is the scientific biological study of freshwater ecosystems and is a branch of limnology. This field seeks to understand the relationships between living organisms in their physical environment. These physical environments may include rivers, lakes, streams, or wetlands.[1] This discipline is also widely used in industrial processes to make use of biological processes such as sewage treatment[2] and water purification. Water flow is an essential aspect to species distribution and influence when and where species interact in freshwater environments.[1]

In the UK the Freshwater Biological Association[3] is based near Windermere in Cumbria.

Freshwater biology is also being used to study the effects of climate change and increased human use.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Castillo-Escrivà, Andreu; Aguilar-Alberola, Josep A.; Mesquita-Joanes, Francesc (2017-06-01). "Spatial and environmental effects on a rock-pool metacommunity depend on the landscape setting and dispersal mode". Freshwater Biology. 62 (6): 1004–1011. doi:10.1111/fwb.12920. ISSN 1365-2427. 
  2. ^ Open University - Sewage treatment processes
  3. ^ The Freshwater Biological Association web site
  4. ^ Rockström, Johan; Steffen, Will; Noone, Kevin; Persson, Åsa; Chapin, F. Stuart; Lambin, Eric F.; Lenton, Timothy M.; Scheffer, Marten; Folke, Carl. "A safe operating space for humanity". Nature. 461 (7263): 472–475. doi:10.1038/461472a.