Location of Fundata, Brașov
|• Mayor||Marian Pîtea (PNL)|
|• Total||36.81 km2 (14.21 sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x59|
Fundata (German: Fundatten; Hungarian: Fundáta) is a commune in Brașov County, Romania, in the historic region of Transylvania. It is composed of three villages: Fundata, Fundățica (Kleinkertzberg; Kisfundáta) and Șirnea (Schirnen; Sirnea). The place offers beautiful panoramas for the Piatra Craiului Mountains and Bucegi Mountains, the freshness and the privacy make the complex a place full of beauty and peace. During the 2013 European Youth Olympic Winter Festival, it held the biathlon competition in the new venue of the town.
Surrounded by the Bucegi Mountains and the Piatra Craiului Mountains, Fundata's altitude of 1360 m makes it the highest commune in Romania. Șirnea was first attested in 1729, and Fundata in 1732. It lies on the southern border of Brașov County, with Argeș County on the other side, in the middle of the Rucăr-Bran Pass, along European route E574. It is 42 km from Brașov and 26 km from Râșnov. In August 1916, when troops from the Romanian Old Kingdom entered Austria-Hungary, the first village they took was Fundata, also capturing their first prisoners there and suffering their first battle death.
A traditional lifestyle of herding sheep and cows is preserved, augmented by tourism. Indeed, Șirnea was declared the country's first tourist village in 1968. Aside from the mountainous scenery, attractions in Fundata include a wooden Romanian Orthodox church (1830) and one of stone (1939-1943); in Șirnea, there is a church from 1893-1894 as well as an ethnographic museum. There is an annual festival held around July 20, feast of the prophet Elijah, called Nedeia Munţilor ("Mountain Celebration"). Originally a "feast of two countries" (Transylvania and Wallachia), it was revived in 1969, and features folklore displays as well as local cheeses and meats.
Cheese (brânză de burduf) wrapped in fir bark
- Romanian census data, 2011; accessed October 5, 2012
- (Romanian) Comuna Fundata at the Fundata Town Hall site; accessed October 5, 2012
- (Romanian) Localizare şi transport at the Fundata Town Hall site; accessed October 5, 2012
- (Romanian) Adrian-Silvan Ionescu, "Prin foc şi fum, peste Carpaţi, la Fundata (1916-2012)", Ziarul Financiar, May 25, 2012; accessed October 5, 2012
- (Romanian) Nedeia Munţilor, Fundata at the Fundata Town Hall site; accessed October 5, 2012
- (Romanian) Simona Suciu, "Nedeia Munţilor la Fundata şi Sântilia la Săcele", Adevărul, July 20, 2012; accessed October 5, 2012