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Shri Gajanan Maharaj
|Born||प्रकट दिन माघ कृष्ण सप्तमी, शेगाव|
|Died||8 September 1910|
Gajanan Maharaj from Shegaon (Buldhana District), Maharashtra, India was an Indian guru of Dattatreya tradition (sampradaya).He is regarded as an incarnation of Lord Dattatreya and Lord Ganesha.It is not known when he was born but his first known appearance in Shegaon, perhaps as a youngster in his 20s, dates to February 1878. He took Samadhi on 8 September 1910, and the date is marked as Samadhi-din by his disciples (ऋषी पंचमी ). The date of his first appearance is also marked as an auspicious day.
History and Origin Speculations
The early life history of Gajanan Maharaj is obscure; his birth date is unknown. He is said to have made his first appearance on 23 February 1878 in Shegaon. Shri Dasbhargav, a Ahemed Nagar native, has written "Shri Gajanan Maharaj Charitra Kosh". This book mentions different version of Shri Gajanan Maharaj's origin from that explained by Ramaraju. Dasbhargav was born in Akolner, named as Narayan there by his maternal relatives. Moved to Ahemed Nagar where his father was based to look after property. There he was renamed as Ganesh and his grandfather started calling him Ganu. Das Ganu, in Pandharpur, was contacted by Shri Ramchandra Krishnaji Patil of Shegaon, a devotee of Gajanan Maharaj to write about life of Shri Gajanan Maharaj . Shri Gajanan Maharaj on pilgrimage have visited Nashik and the surrounding tirthkshetras in cluding Kapiltirtha. He stayed at Kapiltirtha for almost 12 years. Shri Dasbhargav is said to have met Shri Swami Shivanand Saraswati, who was 129 years old at Nashik. Shri Swami told the author that he was Brahmin who had met Shri Sadguru Gajanan Maharaj in 1887 in Nashik. He also clearly told that after Shri Gajanan Maharaj appeared in Shegaon and remained there, he had visited Maharaj 25–30 times. During these visits Shivanand Swami declared that he used visit Shri Dadasaheb Khaparde in Amravati and stay with Khaparde family. Later Shivanand Saraswati left to perform penance in Himalaya and was never spotted again (refer pages 362–365 of the above book for the detailed conversation of the author and Shri Shivanand Swami along with their photograph. Some speculate that he might have in fact hailed from Sajjanghad, (which was the place where Sant Samartha had lived). Das Ganu Maharaj has written a 21 chapter biography, "Shri Gajanan Vijay," of Gajanan Maharaj in Marathi. Contemporaries of Gajanan Maharaj identified him by several names like Gin Gine Buwa, Ganpat Buwa, and Awaliya Baba. In summary, it may be unlikely that Shri Gajanan Maharaj's early life will ever be known.
Divine existence and similarity with other saints
There is no proper past history of Gajanan Maharaj of Shegaon but in "Shree Gajanan Vijay" Dasganu Maharaj has mentioned that Gajanan Maharaj was calling some people as his brothers. They are as follows: Shree Narasingji, Shree Vasudevanand Saraswati (Tembhe Swami Maharaj), Sai Baba and such great saints of the time. In the holy book (Shree Gajanan Vijay) it is also mentioned that Shree Gajanan appeared in the form of Shree Hari Vitthal (Pandhurang) in Pandharapur) for his one devotee named Bapuna Kale. For one other devotee, Shri Gajanan Maharaj appeared as Shri Ramdas Swami. Shree Gajanan Maharaj was able to do this because he was none other than the Supreme 'Brahma' (परब्रह्म or परमात्मा), who resides in every (sentient and insentient) body.
There are lot of similarities between Shree Swami Samarth and Shree Gajanan Maharaj. Both were Paramahans Sanyasi, both were AjanBahu and many others. Thus many people also believe that Shree Gajanan is none other than Shree Swami Samarth. However, it is really immaterial whether Shri Gajanan Maharaj was the disciple of Shri Swami or not as, both were the forms of Supreme Brahma, who appeared on earth to deliver brahmadnyan and to liberate the souls from the worldly fetters.
Appearing in a human body was a mere pastime (Leela) of Shri Maharaj, as he is Brahmadnyani. Thousands of the devotees flock to Shegaon for his darshan and blessings. How he functions and transforms people from their vile, wicked ways into great devotees is really unknown. None in his earthly days ever saw him chanting any special mantra holding japamala etc. In the 19th chapter of "Shri Gajanan Vijay", he has clearly expounded the details of three paths, Karma, Bhakti and Yoga to reach God and declared that he was following the path of Yoga.
Appearances and divine powers
According to a legend, a money lender named Bankat Lal Agarwal first saw Gajanan Maharaj in a "superconscious state" on 23 February 1878 on a street, eating leftover food which was thrown (and thus spreading the message of food is life and food should not be wasted). Sensing him to be not an ordinary man who needs food to eat but a Yogi, Bankat took him home and asked Maharaj to stay with him. In his lifetime, he performed many miracles such as giving a fresh lease on life to one Janrao Deshmukh, lighting the clay-pipe without fire, filling a dry well with water, drawing sugar cane juice by twisting canes with his hands, curing leprosy of a man, curing himself of the many bites of honey bees, etc. Some of the above acts are because Shri Gajanan Maharaj knew Yoga Shastra on his own admission in the book by Shri Das Ganu Maharaj.
During a public meeting on the occasion of Shiv Jayanti, the great freedom fighter Lokmanya Tilak met Gajanan Maharaj. When Tilak delivered a charismatic speech, Maharaj predicted that Tilak would get a very harsh sentence by the British Raj. Maharaj's words did come true, however Tilak is said to have taken blessings of Maharaj and his Prasad which helped him in writing his book – Shrimadh Bhagvad Gita Rahasya, which is the summarised version of the holy book of Hindus, the Bhagavad Gita.
Shree Gajanan Maharaj took Samadhi on 8 September 1910. His earthly remains were buried and a temple in his name is built on his Samadhi at Shegaon. Maharaj was prescient and had predicted his time on this earth was close to getting over. His devotees had started building the temple in his honor for some time before his Samadhi-din. In fact, his Samadhi mandir is just below the temple of Shri Ram. It is said that Shri Gajanan Maharaj would routinely worship at the temple of Shri Ram during his lifetime. Shri Gajanan Maharaj was fond of smoking ganja in his chilam and is supposed to have also started a dhooni (loosely meaning hearth, but representing a glowing chilum) during his lifetime. The dhooni is still burning and is located very near the Samadhi mandir. At the time when he filled a dry well with water, the saint who had denied him water, saying all wells here are dry, Shri Bhaskar Maharaj Jayle, later went on to become his big devotee. Bhaskar Maharaj's grandson, Shri Vasudeva Maharaj Jayle was also a great devotee of Gajanan Maharaj, whose Shraddhasagar Ashram in Akot is a spiritual place for devotees in nearby areas.
Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj Sansthan
In the presence of Gajanan Maharaj, Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj Sansthan, a body of 12 trustees was formed on 12 September 1908 so as to commemorate the holy place which Maharaj had hinted Ya Jagi Rahil Re (It will be at this place) about his place and day for Samadhi. The area around the temple is well maintained. Shri Gajanan Maharaj Mandir is located below the temple of Shri Ram. In the same area, there is the place where the dhooni is burning. Also nearby the dhooni is the place where the devotees can see Maharaj's paduka (wooden sandals), temple of Vithoba and Rukmnini and the temple of Hanuman. There is a umbar tree just near the temple of Hanuman and it is said to have been in existence since the days of Shri Gajanan Maharaj.
Shivshankar Patil is the head of the trust and well known in India for his administration and management of the temple, bhojan kaksha, engineering and management college, Anand Sagar project and many other institution run by the trust located at Shegaon managed by Shri Gajanan Maharaj Sansthan Shegaon affiliated to Amravati university. This college is one of the best institutes for engineering education in Vidarbha region. The Anand Sagar project is also developed by the trust over 650 acres for tourist with all facilities at nominal rates. It is one of the largest amusement places in Maharashtra.The temple is famous in Maharashtra for its clean, neat, tidy environment and polite and respectful behaviour of the sevakas of Gajanan Maharaj trust who work there just for seva. Shegaon is on main line -Mumbai-Howrah route. Most of the trains which are going to Hawrah stops (2-3 min) at Shegaon.
- Gajanan Maharaj Temples – Located all over Maharashtra
- Gajanan Maharaj Temple - Kanhor
- Gajanan Maharaj Temple - Indore
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- "Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj Prakat din sohla 2014 video". Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Shri Gajanan Vijay Grantha
- "Shree Gajanan Maharaj, Shegaon". www.gajananmaharaj.org. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Shree Gajanan Maharaj, Shegaon". www.gajananmaharaj.org. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Temples of Gajanan Maharaj". Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "Trustees". www.gajanandarshan.com. Retrieved 6 September 2018.