Garvey's Ghost

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Garvey's Ghost
Studio album by
ReleasedApril 23, 1976
GenreDub, Reggae
ProducerLawrence Lindo
Burning Spear chronology
Marcus Garvey
Garvey's Ghost
Man in the Hills
Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic1.5/5 stars[1]
Christgau's Record GuideB+[2]

Garvey's Ghost is the fourth album by the reggae group Burning Spear, released in 1976 on Island Records, ILPS 9382. Each track is a dub version of its correspondent song on the group's third album, Marcus Garvey.


This album was fashioned by Island Record engineers John Burns and Dick Cuthell in their Hammersmith studio.[3] It features prominently the backing musicians, whom Lindo named The Black Disciples band, assembled from members of the session group The Soul Syndicate and Bob Marley's touring band, The Wailers.[4] John Corbett has suggested that "dub" could derive from "duppie," a Jamaican patois word for ghost, as Lee Perry has been quoted stating that dub is "the ghost in me coming out," this connection further illustrated by Winston Rodney having named this album as the ghost of Garvey.[5]

On July 27, 2010, this album was remastered and released by Universal's Hip-O Records reissue imprint in tandem with the original Marcus Garvey LP on one compact disc.

Production notes[edit]

For "The Ghost", the dub counterpart to "Marcus Garvey", instead of dubbing straight from the track as all the others were, "The Ghost" was instead replayed and made to design itself to be the official dub of the tune. A more official (but far less elaborate) dub version was released officially on the original 7" single releases of "Marcus Garvey".

Track listing[edit]

All tracks written by Winston Rodney and Phillip Fullwood except as indicated.

  1. "The Ghost" — 3:56
  2. "I and I Survive" — 3:55
  3. "Black Wa-Da-Da" (W. Rodney, C. Paisley, P. Fullwood) — 3:53
  4. "John Burns Skank" (Marcus Rodney, Mackba Rodney, Winston Rodney) — 3:49
  5. "Brain Food" (W. Rodney) — 3:11
  6. "Farther East of Jack" — 4:26
  7. "2000 Years" (D. Hines, R. Willington, W. Rodney) — 3:49
  8. "Dread River" (W. Rodney, M. Lawrence, P. Fullwood) — 3:13
  9. "Workshop" (A. Folkes, W. Rodney, P. Fullwood) — 4:34
  10. "Reggaelation" (W. Rodney) — 3:43


Production credits[edit]

  • Engineers: George Philpott and Errol Thompson
  • Dubbing engineers: John Burns and Dick Cuthell
  • Recorded at Randy's Recording Studio, North Parade, Kingston, Jamaica
  • Mixed at Joe Gibbs Studio, Retirement Crescent, Kingston, Jamaica
  • Dub mix at Island Studios, Hammersmith
  • Special thanks to Lloyd Coxone


  1. ^ Allmusic review
  2. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: B". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved February 22, 2019 – via
  3. ^ Katz, David. Marcus Garvey/Garvey's Ghost. Hip-O Records B0014272-02, 2010, liner notes.
  4. ^ Katz, liner notes.
  5. ^ Dub, Scratch, and the Black Star, 21C, (24), 1997