Gateshead (UK Parliament constituency)

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Gateshead
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 66,066 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Gateshead
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of parliament Ian Mearns (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Gateshead East & Washington West, and Tyne Bridge
18321950
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from County Durham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Gateshead is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Ian Mearns of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The previous incarnation of the seat existed from 1832 to 1950. Among famous representatives are James Melville KC who was Solicitor General for England and Wales before he died, while holding the seat, and international statesman Konni Zilliacus who assisted in creating peaceful bilateral relations during the Cold War, including though work at the United Nations.

Boundaries[edit]

2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Bridges, Chowdene, Deckham, Dunston and Teams, Felling, High Fell, Lobley Hill and Bensham, Low Fell, Saltwell, and Windy Nook and Whitehills.

The Boundary Commission's 2007-8 review led to a revived constituency of Gateshead, using parts of the abolished Gateshead East and Washington West and Tyne Bridge seats.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1950[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1832 Cuthbert Rippon Whig
1841 (Sir) William Hutt Whig
1859 Liberal
1874 Walter Henry James Liberal
1893 Sir William Allan Liberal
1904 John Johnson Liberal
1910 Sir Harold Elverston Liberal
1918 Herbert Conyers Surtees Coalition Conservative
1922 John Brotherton Labour
1923 John Purcell Dickie Liberal
1924 John Warburton Beckett Labour
1929 Sir James Benjamin Melville Labour
1931 Herbert Evans Labour
1931 Thomas Magnay National Liberal
1945 Konni Zilliacus Labour (1945–49)
Labour Independent Group (1949)
Independent Labour (1949–50)
1950 constituency abolished

MPs since 2010[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
2010 Ian Mearns Labour

Elections[edit]

The re-established Gateshead constituency was fought for the first time at the 2010 general election. Tyne Bridge MP David Clelland was chosen as the Labour Party candidate for the seat in 2008, but later stood down. The seat was instead contested and won by Gateshead Councillor Ian Mearns.

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Gateshead[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Mearns 21,549 56.8 +2.6
UKIP John Tennant 6,765 17.8 +14.9
Conservative Thomas Smith 5,502 14.5 −0.4
Liberal Democrat Frank Hindle 2,585 6.8 −14.5
Green Andy Redfern[4] 1,548 4.1 +3.1
Majority 14,784 39.0 +6.2
Turnout 40,451 59.4 +1.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2010: Gateshead[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Mearns 20,712 54.1 −7.3
Liberal Democrat Frank Hindle 8,163 21.3 +0.6
Conservative Hazel Anderson 5,716 14.9 +4.8
BNP Kevin Scott 1,787 4.7 +1.6
UKIP John Tennant 1,103 2.9 −0.4
Green Andy Redfern 379 1.0 +1.0
TUSC Elaine Brunskill 266 0.7 +0.7
Christian David Walton 131 0.3 +0.3
Majority 12,549 32.8
Turnout 38,257 57.5 +3.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 36,736 67.5
Liberal National Thomas Magnay 17,719 32.5
Majority 19,017 34.9
Turnout 54,455 76.0
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Thomas Magnay 28,772 52.72
Labour J. Wilson 25,804 47.28
Majority 2,968 5.44
Turnout 74.68
Liberal National hold Swing
General Election 1931: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Thomas Magnay 34,764 60.09
Labour Ernest Bevin 21,826 37.73
New Party John Stuart Barr 1,077 1.86
National Labour John Fennell 187 0.32
Majority 12,938 22.36
Turnout 78.32
Liberal National gain from Labour Swing

Conservative candidate Charles White withdrew 15 October 1931. Barr and Fennell also withdrew, but their names remained on the ballot paper.

Gateshead by-election, 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Herbert Evans 22,893 51.6 −1.0
Conservative Cuthbert Headlam 21,501 48.4 +26.9
Majority 1,392 3.2 −27.9
Turnout 44,394 60.8 −13.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Sir James Benjamin Melville 28,393 52.6 +2.4
Unionist Ian Leslie Orr-Ewing 11,644 21.5 -8.7
Liberal John Fennell 10,314 19.1 -0.5
Independent Liberal John Leonard Watson 3,688 6.8 n/a
Majority 16,749 31.1 +11.1
Turnout 73.9 -8.8
Labour hold Swing +5.5
General Election 1924: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Warburton Beckett 23,514 50.2 +9.1
Unionist Hilton Philipson 14,178 30.2 +14.0
Liberal John Purcell Dickie 9,185 19.6 -23.1
Majority 9,336 20.0 21.6
Turnout 82.7 +9.5
Labour gain from Liberal Swing -2.5
General Election 1923: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Purcell Dickie 17,344 42.7 +17.8
Labour John Brotherton 16,689 41.1 -2.7
Unionist George Francis Stephen Christie 6,592 16.2 -15.1
Majority 355 1.6 20.5
Turnout 73.2 -5.2
Liberal gain from Labour Swing +10.3
General Election 1922: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Brotherton 18,795 43.8 +20.0
Unionist Herbert Conyers Surtees 13,424 31.3 -25.6
Liberal John Purcell Dickie 10,679 24.9 +5.6
Majority 5,371 12.5 45.6
Turnout 78.4 +23.8
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +22.8

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 17,215 56.9 +17.9
Labour John Brotherton 7,212 23.8 +23.8
Liberal Sir Harold Elverston 5,833 19.3 -41.7
Majority 10,003 33.1
Turnout 54.6
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government
General Election December 1910: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harold Elverston 8,763 61.0 +20.3
Conservative Herbert Conyers Surtees 5,608 39.0 +1.1
Majority 3,155 22.0 +19.2
Turnout 75.1
Liberal hold Swing
John Johnson
General Election January 1910: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harold Elverston 6,800 40.7 +40.7
Liberal Unionist Nicholas Grattan-Doyle 6,323 37.9 +3.2
Labour John Johnson 3,572 21.4 -43.9
Majority 477 2.8
Turnout 87.2 +7.8
Liberal gain from Labour Swing +42.3

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Gateshead
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab John Johnson 9,651 65.3
Liberal Unionist Sir Theodore Vivian Samuel Angier 5,126 34.7
Majority 4,525 30.6
Turnout 79.4
Lib-Lab hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all current constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/11728362.Greens_name_election_candidates/
  5. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Official results from Gateshead Council

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.