Gendarmery (Serbia)

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Gendarmery
Жандармерија
Žandarmerija
Gendarmerie emblem.gif
Žandarmerija badge
Agency overview
Formed 28 June 2001; 17 years ago (2001-06-28)
Preceding agency
Employees 3,734 (2012)[1]
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Serbia
Operations jurisdiction Serbia
Governing body Government of Serbia
Operational structure
Overviewed by Ministry of Internal Affairs
Headquarters Belgrade

Elected minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Dejan Luković, Commander
Website
Official website

The Gendarmery (Serbian Cyrillic: Жандармерија) is an armed police force of Serbian Police. It was formed on 28 June 2001, after the disbandment of the Special Police Units (PJP). Gendarmery of Serbia existed in previous form from 1860 to 1920.

As of 2017, Gendarmery consists of about 2,800 members. The Command of the Gendarmery is in Belgrade.[2]

The gendarmery's duties are both civilian and military, including securing the 'Ground Safety Zone'[3] along the administrative line with Kosovo and providing disaster rescue teams (see below).[4]

History[edit]

Serbian gendarmery officers, 1865

The word žandarmerija is a French loanword ("gendarmerie"), and is pronounced "zhandarmeriya". The Žandarmerija corps date back to the Principality of Serbia, established on June 28, 1860, and originally consisted of 120 officers. It was disbanded after World War II and was restored in 2001 by the reorganization of the irregular "Special Police Unit" (Posebna Jedinica Policije, PJP)[2]. This was accomplished by an act issued by the Minister of Interior Dušan Mihajlović. One of its first major assignments was capturing the suspects in the assassination of prime minister Zoran Đinđić.

On 7 May 2003, the Counter-Terrorist Unit (CTU) was established within Gendarmery, but was separated in April 2007 to become an independent unit within the Police.[5]

In 2005 the Person and Infrastructure Protection Unit was established, to carry out close protection tasks, as well as activities related to technical protection.[5][2]

In 2011 the Gendarmery was reorganized and the First Quick Response Detachment was established, consisting of the specialist companies of all Gendarmery detachments along with the Diving Center.[5]

Commanders[edit]

Since its establishment, the Serbian Gendarmery has had six Commanders:[2][6]

Commander Took office Left office Time in office
1
Goran Radosavljević
Radosavljević, GoranColonel
Goran Radosavljević
(born 1957)
28 June 200117 August 20043 years, 50 days
2
Borivoje Tešić
Tešić, BorivojeColonel
Borivoje Tešić
(born 1956)
17 August 200423 June 20083 years, 311 days
-
Srđan Grekulović
Grekulović, SrđanColonel
Srđan Grekulović
(born 1962)
Acting
23 June 20083 June 2009345 days
3
Bratislav Dikić
Dikić, BratislavColonel
Bratislav Dikić
(born 1970)
3 June 200917 July 20134 years, 44 days
-
Milenko Božović
Božović, MilenkoColonel
Milenko Božović
(born 1965)
Acting
17 July 20132 August 201316 days
4
Milenko Božović
Božović, MilenkoColonel
Milenko Božović
(born 1965)
2 August 201313 March 20151 year, 223 days
5
Goran Dragović
Dragović, GoranColonel
Goran Dragović
(born 1967)
13 March 20152 August 20183 years, 142 days
6
Dejan Luković
Luković, DejanColonel
Dejan Luković
2 August 2018Incumbent14 days

Organization[edit]

Gendarmery members

In 2012, the Serbian Gendarmery consisted of about 3,734 members,[7] while in 2017 the strength is estimated at about 2,800 members.[2]

Alongside the operational detachments deployed throught Serbia, the Gendarmery has some specialized units: the Diving Unit and the Personnel and Infrastructure Protection Unit, which is specialized in tasks of physical and technical protection.[2]

Detachments[edit]

The principal bases are located in Belgrade, Niš, Novi Sad and Kraljevo.[2]

Detachments are organized as independent units in order to be able to execute every-day duties on their territory of jurisdiction. Should the need arise, each detachment may quickly support others throughout Serbia.[2]

First Quick Detachment[edit]

Within each operational detachment, a company-sized specialized unit is tasked to deal with most complex tasks in both urban and rural environment. In turn, each specialized unit consists of several counter-terrorist teams, which may be reinforced by sniper, K9 and explosive ordnance disposal assets when needed.[2] Since 2011, specialized units are grouped within the First Quick Detachment.[5] The first commander was Police Lieutenant Colonel Vojkan Ivanovic.[5]

Diving Unit[edit]

The Diving Unit of the Serbian Gendarmery is headquartered in Belgrade and is intended for conducting special actions in environments dominated by water, as well as the land area near water.[2] Its operational element consists of three specialist teams: intervention team, searching team and nautical team.[5]

The Diving Unit tracks its origins to 1997, when it was established within the Special Operation Unit.[5]

Mission[edit]

Žandarmerija, escort of prisoners

Its main duties are:

  • Restoring peace and stability if they have been heavily disturbed
  • Counter terrorism
  • Countering violent groups
  • Repressing prison riots

Its civil duties include: to provide security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organized crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts.

Its military duties include to provide, preserve and protect security and public peace, public order, to protect state and private property, to assist other security forces in case of emergency, civil unrest, war; to repress riots; to reinforce martial law and mobilization; to fight and apprehend suspected criminals, terrorists and other violent groups ;

Its additional duties are to perform any duties decreed in the decrees of law and regulations other than civil, military and other duties and the duties given by the governmental decrees based on them.

Equipment[edit]

Name Country Caliber Notes
CZ 99 Serbia 9x19 Parabellum In use also CZ999
Glock 17 Austria 9x19 Parabellum In use Glock 17 Gen 3
SIG Sauer P 220 Switzerland 9x19 Parabellum
Amadeo Rossi Brasil 357. Magnum For training purposes
Smith&Wesson USA 357. Magnum For training purposes
Zastava R83 Serbia 357. Magnum For training purposes
HK MP5 Germany 9x19 Parabellum In use A2,A3,SD3,K versions
Zastava M92 Serbia 7.62x39
Zastava M84 Škorpion Yugoslavia 7.65x17 Personal Defense Weapon
Zastava M70 Yugoslavia/Serbia 7.62x39 In use AB1,AB2 and modernised ABX versions
Zastava M21 Serbia 5.56x45 NATO
MPi-KM East Germany 7.62x39
Colt M4 USA 5.56x45 NATO A4 Commando version in use
Zastava M76 Yugoslavia 7.92x57
Zastava M91 Serbia 7.62x54R
Steyr Austria 7.62x51 NATO Tactical Elite
HK G3 Germany 7.62x51 NATO
HK G33 Germany 5.56x45 NATO
SIG Sauer 716 Switzerland 7.62x51 NATO
Zastava M93 Serbia 12.7x108
Barrett M82 USA 12.7x99 NATO
Barrett M95 USA 12.7x99 NATO Bullpup sniper rifle
Zastava M84 Yugoslavia/Serbia 7.62x54R
Browning M2 USA 12.7x99 NATO Mounted only on vehicles
Zastava M93 Serbia 30mm Automatic granade launcher

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Novi odred Žandarmerije sličan JSO". b92.net (in Serbian). 24 January 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Jevtic, Milos (13 January 2017). "Serbian Gendarmerie". Spec Ops Magazine. Retrieved 10 July 2018. 
  3. ^ B92. "Interior minister in Ground Safety Zone". www.b92.net. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Nadležnosti" [Duties]. Ministry of the Interior, Republic of Serbia (in Serbian). Archived from the original on 9 Feb 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Gendarmerie of the Republic of Serbia". specijalne-jedinice.com. Retrieved 10 July 2018. 
  6. ^ "Serbian ministries, etc". rulers.org. B. Schemmel. Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  7. ^ "Novi odred Žandarmerije sličan JSO" (in Serbian). B92. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 

External links[edit]