President of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia

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President of the Presidency of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia
Emblem of the SKJ.svg
ResidenceUžička Street 15, Belgrade
(Tito)
SeatBuilding of Socio-Political Organizations, Belgrade
(1965–1990)
AppointerCentral Committee
PrecursorCollective leadership (1919–1934)
FormationDecember 1934
First holderMilan Gorkić[note 1]
Final holderMilan Pančevski[note 2]
Abolished30 June 1990

The President of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, formerly the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was the head of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia. As the leader of the Central Committee, the President was the de facto leader of Yugoslavia. The longest serving officeholder was Josip Broz Tito, serving from 1939 to his death in 1980.

Collective leadership (1919–1934)[edit]

Name Took office Left office Time in office Central Committee
(Term)
Political Secretaries (1919–1920)
1
Filip Filipović
Filipović, FilipFilip Filipović
(1878–1938)
April 1919June 19201 year, 7 months1st
(1919–1920)
1
Živko Topalović
Topalović, ŽivkoŽivko Topalović
(1886–1972)
April 1919June 19201 year, 7 months1st
(1919–1920)
Organizational Secretary (1919–1920)
1
Vladimir Ćopić
Ćopić, VladimirVladimir Ćopić
(1891–1939)
April 1919June 19201 year, 7 months1st
(1919–1920)
Presidents of the Central Party Committee (1920–1921)
2
Pavle Pavlović
Pavlović, PavlePavle Pavlović
(1888–1971)
June 1920August 19219 months2nd
(1920–1926)
2
Jakov Lastrić
Lastrić, JakovJakov LastrićJune 1920August 19219 months2nd
(1920–1926)
Political Secretaries (1920–1921)
2
Filip Filipović
Filipović, FilipFilip Filipović
(1878–1938)
June 1920August 19219 months2nd
(1920–1926)
2
Sima Marković
Marković, SimaSima Marković
(1888–1939)
June 1920August 19219 months2nd
(1920–1926)
Organizational Secretary (1920–1921)
2
Vladimir Ćopić
Ćopić, VladimirVladimir Ćopić
(1891–1939)
June 1920August 19219 months2nd
(1920–1926)
After being banned in 1921, the Alternative Central Party Leadership, formed in June 1921, assumed leadership of the Communist Party:
Alternative Central Party Leadership (1921–1922)
3
Kosta Novakovć
Novakovć, KostaKosta Novakovć
(1886–1939)
August 1921July 192211 months2nd
(1920–1926)
3
Triša Kaclerović
Kaclerović, TrišaTriša Kaclerović
(1879–1964)
August 1921July 192211 months2nd
(1920–1926)
3
Moša Pijade
Pijade, MošaMoša Pijade
(1890–1957)
August 1921July 192211 months2nd
(1920–1926)
A split in the leadership led to the formation of the Executive Committee of the Communist Party in Emigration in opposition to the leadership:
Executive Committee of the Communist Party in Emigration (1921–1922)
4
Sima Marković
Marković, SimaSima Marković
(1888–1939)
September 1921July 192210 months
The factions were reunited at the First State Conference held in Vienna, Austria in July 1922.
Secretaries (1922–1926)
5
Sima Marković
Marković, SimaSima Marković
(1888–1939)
July 1922May 192310 months2nd
(1920–1926)
6
Triša Kaclerović
Kaclerović, TrišaTriša Kaclerović
(1879–1964)
May 1923May 19263 years2nd
(1920–1926)
Political Secretary (1926–1928)
7
Sima Marković
Marković, SimaSima Marković
(1888–1939)
May 1926April 19281 year, 11 months3rd
(1926–1928)
Organizational Secretary (1926–1928)
7
Radomir Vujović
Vujović, RadomirRadomir Vujović
(1895–1938)
May 1926April 19281 year, 11 months3rd
(1926–1928)
The Central Committee was deposed in April 1928 by the Comintern and replaced by a temporary leadership:
Temporary Leadership (1928)
8
Đuro Đaković
Đaković, ĐuroĐuro Đaković
(1886–1929)
April 1928November 19287 months
Political Secretary (1928–1930)
9
Jovan Mališić
Mališić, JovanJovan Mališić
(1902–1939)
November 1928August 19301 year, 9 months4th
(1928–1934)
Organizational Secretary (1928–1929)
9
Đuro Đaković
Đaković, ĐuroĐuro Đaković
(1886–1929)
December 192825 April 19295 months4th
(1928–1934)
Since 1930 the party leadership was in exile in Vienna, Austria with no contact to the country until 1934.

Officeholders (1934–1990)[edit]

Political Secretary of the Central Committee (1934–1936)[edit]

Political Secretary Took office Left office Time in office Central Committee
(Term)
1
Milan Gorkić
Gorkić, MilanMilan Gorkić
(1904–1937)
December 1934November 19361 year, 11 months4th
(1934–1940)

General Secretary of the Central Committee (1936–1964)[edit]

General Secretary Took office Left office Time in office Central Committee
(Term)
1
Milan Gorkić
Gorkić, MilanMilan Gorkić
(1904–1937)
November 193623 October 193711 months4th
(1934–1940)
2
Josip Broz Tito
Tito, Josip BrozJosip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
March 193913 August 196425 years, 5 months4th
(1934–1940)
5th
(1940–1948)
6th
(1948–1958)
7th
(1958–1964)

President of the Presidium (1964–1990)[edit]

President Took office Left office Time in office Central Committee
(Term)
Represented
1
Josip Broz Tito
Tito, Josip BrozJosip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
13 August 19644 May 1980 †15 years, 265 days8th
(1964–1969)
9th
(1969–1974)
10th
(1974–1978)
11th
(1978–1982)
2
Stevan Doronjski
Doronjski, StevanStevan Doronjski
(1919–1981)
4 May 198020 October 1980169 days11th
(1978–1982)
LC Vojvodina
3
Lazar Mojsov
Mojsov, LazarLazar Mojsov
(1920–2011)
20 October 198020 October 19811 year, 0 days11th
(1978–1982)
LC Macedonia
4
Dušan Dragosavac
Dragosavac, DušanDušan Dragosavac
(1919–2014)
20 October 198129 June 1982252 days11th
(1978–1982)
LC Croatia
5
Mitja Ribičič
Ribičič, MitjaMitja Ribičič
(1919–2013)
29 June 198230 June 19831 year, 1 day12th
(1982–1986)
LC Slovenia
6
Dragoslav Marković
Marković, DragoslavDragoslav Marković
(1920–2005)
30 June 198326 June 1984362 days12th
(1982–1986)
LC Serbia
7
Ali Shukriu
Shukriu, AliAli Shukriu
(1919–2005)
26 June 198425 June 1985364 days12th
(1982–1986)
LC Kosovo
8
Vidoje Žarković
Žarković, VidojeVidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
25 June 198528 June 19861 year, 3 days12th
(1982–1986)
LC Montenegro
9
Milanko Renovica
Renovica, MilankoMilanko Renovica
(1928–2013)
28 June 198630 June 19871 year, 2 days13th
(1986–1990)
LC Bosnia and Herzegovina
10
Boško Krunić
Krunić, BoškoBoško Krunić
(1929–2017)
30 June 198730 June 19881 year, 0 days13th
(1986–1990)
LC Vojvodina
11
Stipe Šuvar
Šuvar, StipeStipe Šuvar
(1936–2004)
30 June 198817 May 19891 year, 321 days13th
(1986–1990)
LC Croatia
12
Milan Pančevski
Pančevski, MilanMilan Pančevski
(1935–2019)
17 May 198930 June 19901 year, 44 days13th
(1986–1990)
LC Macedonia

See also[edit]

Note[edit]

  1. ^ As Political Secretary of the Central Committee.
  2. ^ As President of the Presidium.

References[edit]