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Geophagus brasiliensis c01.jpg
Geophagus brasiliensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Subfamily: Cichlinae
Tribe: Geophagini
Haseman, 1911
Type genus
Heckel, 1840

Geophagus is a tribe of cichlids from the subfamily Cichlinae, the American cichlids. It is the sister taxon to the clade which includes the Cichlasomatini and Heroini. Fishes in the Geophagini are distributed from Panama south to Argentina, it is the most speciose of the seven tribes withn the Cichlinae and it is subdivided into three sub-tribes, Acarichthyina, Crenicaratina, and Geophagina which together contain over 200 species.[1] Geophagines show morphological and behavioural specialisations to enable them to sift the substrates within their mouths so that they can separate benthic invertebrates from substrates dominated by sand or silt.[2]


The Geophagini are classified as follows:[1]


  1. ^ a b Wm. Leo Smith; Prosanta Chakrabarty; John S. Sparks (2008). "Phylogeny, taxonomy, and evolution of Neotropical cichlids (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Cichlinae)" (PDF). Cladistics. 24 (5): 624–641.
  2. ^ Hernán López‐Fernández; Jessica H. Arbour; Kirk. O. Winemiller; Rodney L. Honeycutt (2012). "Testing for Ancient Adaptive Radiations in Neotropical Cichlid Fishes". Evolution. 67 (5): 1321–1337.