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Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance of Rajasthan . It was Bhil tribe who[1] performed it to worship Goddess Sarasvati which was later embraced by other Rajasthani communities.[2][3][4][5][6] The dance is chiefly performed by veiled women who wear flowing dresses called ghaghara.[7] It was ranked 4th in the list of "Top 10 local dances around the world" in 2013.[8][9] The dance typically involves performers pirouetting while moving in and out of a wide circle. The word ghoomna describes the twirling movement of the dancers and is the basis of the word ghoomar.[10][11]

According to the traditional rituals, newly married bride is expected to dance ghoomar on being welcomed to her new marital home.[12] Ghoomar is often performed on special occasions, such as at weddings, festivals and religious occasions.[13] which sometimes lasts for hours.

'Gangaur Ghoomar Dance Academy' was established by Maharani Rajmata Goverdhan Kumari of Santrampur in 1986, to preserve and promote Ghoomar folk dance.[14][15] The Government of India awarded her the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2007, for her contributions to arts.[16]


Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance of Bhil tribe performed to worship Goddess Sarasvati which was later embraced by other Rajasthani communities.[2][3][4][5][6] Ghoomar became popular in the Indian state of Rajasthan during the reigns of Rajput kings, and is typically performed by women during gatherings.[17]

Ghoomar songs[edit]

As a traditional dance, Ghoomar often includes traditional songs such as "Gorband", "Podina", "Rumal" and "Mor Bole Re". Songs might be centered on royal legends or their[whose?] traditions.

  • "Jaipur jao to"-Traditional Rajasthani Folk Dance [1]
  • "Chirmi Mhari Chirmali"
  • "Aave Hichki" - Traditional Rajasthani Ghoomar song
  • "Mhari Ghoomar Chye Nakhrali"
  • "Jawai Ji Pawna" - Rajasthani folk song
  • "Taara Ri Chundadi"
  • "Mharo Gorband Nakhralo"
  • "Naina Ra Lobhi"
  • "Aur Rang De "

In popular culture[edit]

The dance gained mainstream attention through the 2018 film Padmaavat, based on the legendary Rajput queen, Padmini. The song was praised by critics and fans alike. However, the dance in the film also received some criticism for using dance steps from other folk dances, and thus not maintaining the authenticity of Ghoomar. It was also criticised on the basis that the song used in the dance did not correspond to the actual traditional folk songs.

Women performing ghoomar at wedding
A Rajput woman performing Ghoomar

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ghoomar Dance by Sushila Rathore". Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  2. ^ a b "Ghoomar or Ghumar was basically developed by the Bhil tribe and was adopted by other Rajasthani communities".
  3. ^ a b "The song is titled 'Ghoomar', which is actually a traditional Bhil tribe folk dance, originally performed for worshiping goddess Saraswati".
  4. ^ a b "Ghoomar, a traditional Bhil tribe folk dance".
  5. ^ a b Kumar, Ashok Kiran (2014). Inquisitive Social Sciences. Republic of India: S. Chand Publishing. p. 93. ISBN 9789352831098.
  6. ^ a b Danver, Steven L. (June 28, 2014). Native People of The World. United States of America: Routledge. p. 522. ISBN 076568294X.
  7. ^ Ghoomar - Famous Social Folk Dance of Rajasthan
  8. ^ "Ghoomar in top 10 list of world's most amazing local dances". Business Standard. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Top 10 local dances around the world". Hindustan Times. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  10. ^ "Ghoomar Dance, Rajasthan". Archived from the original on 2012-05-18.
  11. ^ "Ghoomar Dance - Rajasthan". Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  12. ^ Indian States At A Glance 2008-09: Performance, Facts And Figures - Rajasthan - Bhandari Laveesh (2008-09)
  13. ^ "Ghoomar in India". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Image Details". India Today. June 6, 2007. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  15. ^ "Rajmata Goverdhan Kumari". Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  16. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  17. ^

External links[edit]