||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2013)|
|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1980|
May 14, 1929|
Montreal, QC, CAN
|Died||January 26, 2007
Beloeil, QC, CAN
|Height||5 ft 7 in (170 cm)|
|Weight||155 lb (70 kg; 11 st 1 lb)|
|Played for||New York Rangers
Minnesota North Stars
Lorne John "Gump" Worsley (May 14, 1929 – January 26, 2007) was a professional ice hockey goaltender. Born and raised in Montreal, Quebec, 'Gump' was given his nickname because friends thought he looked like comic-strip character Andy Gump.
At the outset of his career, Worsley played four years in the minor leagues, most notably for the New York Rovers of the Eastern Hockey League (EHL), the St. Paul Saints of the United States Hockey League (USHL), and the Saskatoon Quakers of the Western Hockey League (WHL). For three straight seasons between 1950 and 1952, he achieved success with all three teams, garnering First Team All-Star and leading goaltender recognition.
In the fall of 1952 he was signed by the New York Rangers of the NHL; though playing for a last place team, won the Calder Memorial Trophy as rookie of the year. However, after asking for a $500 a year pay increase, he was promptly returned to the minor leagues the following season. In 1954, playing for the Vancouver Canucks of the WHL, he won the league most valuable player award.
In 1954, Worsley resumed as the Rangers starting goaltender, beating out future NHL star Johnny Bower. Wearing the traditional number 1 for goaltenders, he toiled for the Rangers for the next nine seasons, generally playing well for poor performing teams.
In the summer of 1963, he became involved in a proposed players' union, and was promptly traded to the Montreal Canadiens. While he was relegated to the minor-league Quebec Aces for parts of two seasons — and characteristically winning First Team All-Star honors in the AHL in 1964 — Worsley played his best years for the Canadiens as a member of four Stanley Cup-winning teams: 1965, 1966, 1968 and 1969. His best season was 1968, where he followed up a Vezina-winning performance and a career-low 1.98 goals against average by going undefeated in the playoffs with eleven straight wins. In dispute with Sam Pollock, Montreal general manager, over refusal to be demoted to the minors, and coach Claude Ruel's consistent playing of Rogatien Vachon, he quit in the midst of the 1969–70 season. Suspended for not reporting to the Canadiens' Montreal Voyageurs farm team, Phil Myre was assigned to replace him.
Worsley was lured from retirement by the Minnesota North Stars to play in tandem with Cesare Maniago; he starred for parts of five more years, retiring at the age of 44 after the 1973–74 season. His best season with the North Stars was 1972, where he was second in the league with a 2.12 goals against average. Named to play in the 25th National Hockey League All-Star Game, Worsley was the first goaltender to have won 300 games and lost 300 games. This feat was later accomplished by Curtis Joseph.
Worsley was known for his wry sense of humour and various eccentricities. Early in his career with the Rangers, regularly facing 40–50 shots a night, he was asked: "Which team gives you the most trouble?" His reply - "The New York Rangers." Accused by Rangers' coach Phil Watson of having a beer belly, he replied, "Just goes to show you what he knows. I only drink Johnnie Walker Red."
Worsley was vehemently opposed to wearing a mask. He was the second-to-last professional hockey goaltender to play without a mask. Andy Brown of the Indianapolis Racers was the last, the following season - wearing a mask in the last six games of his career. Asked about why he chose to go without, Worsley told reporters: "My face is my mask."
Worsley was also well known for his fear of flying. On November 25, 1968, en route to Los Angeles, he suffered a nervous breakdown after a rough flight from Montreal's Dorval Airport to Chicago. Subsequently, he received psychiatric treatment and missed action. It is said upon emerging from retirement to play for the North Stars he was assured, as Minnesota was in the central part of the continent, the team traveled less than any other in the league.
In his early days he was an outstanding soccer player, beginning his career as a junior with Westmount; in 1948 he was a member of the Montreal youth all-star team. As a promising young player, he soon attracted attention; the following year he moved up to McMasterville in the Montreal League. There he was selected to play in a trial game from which the Montreal all-stars were chosen to play the touring English club Fulham in 1951. In the summer of 1952, while playing hockey for the Saskatoon Quakers, he played centre forward for the Saskatoon All-stars against the touring Tottenham Hotspur from England. By 1953 he was playing centre half for the Montreal Hakoah; he captained Montreal Hakoah at centre half in the Canadian Challenge Trophy final. In the National Challenge Cup final Hakoah lost to Westminster Royals in a three-game series, two of which ended in ties. In 1954, continued his soccer career with Montreal Vickers. His father was also an outstanding soccer player and won a Canadian championship medal with Montreal Grand Trunk in 1919.
Worsley suffered many injuries during his career, including: a near career-ending back injury while with Vancouver of the WHL, when Gus Kyle hit him from behind; a knee problem in the 1956 playoffs that required surgery; a severed tendon in 1960; in 1961, a shot from Bobby Hull that hit him in the forehead; a pulled hamstring that same year; a pulled hamstring in 1963–64; knee surgery in 1966, followed by a sprained knee then a concussion from a hard-boiled egg thrown by a New York fan; a broken finger in the 1969 playoffs; a pulled hamstring in 1972–73 that reduced his effectiveness to the point he temporarily retired from hockey. The blast to the forehead from Bobby Hull landed him, unconscious, in Montreal's Royal Victoria Hospital. Upon awakening, asked how he was feeling, Gump replied: "Good thing the puck hit me flat!"
Retirement and death
At the time of his retirement, Worsley had played more games than any goalie except for Terry Sawchuk and Glenn Hall. He retired with a record of 335 wins, 352 losses and 150 ties, with 43 shutouts, and a goals against average of 2.91.
Two Canadian indie rock bands, Huevos Rancheros ("Gump Worsley's Lament") and The Weakerthans ("Elegy for Gump Worsley"), have recorded tribute songs to Worsley. Canadian band Sons of Freedom also named their second album Gump after Worsley.
Career achievements and facts
- Won the Calder Trophy in 1953.
- Stanley Cup champion in 1965, 1966, 1968, and 1969.
- Won the Vezina Trophy in 1966 and 1968.
- Named to the NHL First All-Star Team in 1968.
- Named to the NHL Second All-Star Team in 1966.
- Played in the NHL All-Star Game in 1961, 1962, 1965, and 1972.
- Tied with Curtis Joseph for the second most career losses in the NHL with 352.
- Currently 7th in all time games played, 15th in career wins and 24th in shutouts.
- Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1980 .
- One of the last two goaltenders (the other being Andy Brown) to play in the NHL without a face mask, doing so until his final season.
- Was affectionately known to Minnesota North Stars fans as "the Gumper".
- This is where the popular term "Stacking the Gumpers" originated. Stacking the Gumpers is how a goaltender makes a save by lying on his side and making a "wall" out of his leg pads or "Gumpers."
- Ranked No. 17 on the all-time list of New York Rangers in the book 100 Ranger Greats (John Wiley & Sons, 2009).
|1948–49||Montreal St. Francis Xavier||MMJHL||47||24||21||2||2840||122||7||2.58|
|1948–49||New York Rovers||QSHL||2||—||—||—||120||5||0||2.50|
|1949–50||New York Rovers||EAHL||47||25||17||5||2830||133||7||2.86|
|1949–50||New Haven Ramblers||AHL||2||2||0||0||120||4||0||2.00|
|1950–51||St. Paul Saints||USHL||64||33||26||5||3920||184||3||2.82|
|1952–53||New York Rangers||NHL||50||13||29||8||3000||153||2||3.06|
|1954–55||New York Rangers||NHL||65||15||33||17||3900||197||4||3.03|
|1955-56||New York Rangers||NHL||70||32||28||10||4200||198||4||2.83|
|1956–57||New York Rangers||NHL||68||26||28||14||4080||216||3||3.18|
|1957–58||New York Rangers||NHL||37||21||10||6||2200||86||4||2.32|
|1958–59||New York Rangers||NHL||67||26||30||11||4001||198||2||2.97|
|1959–60||New York Rangers||NHL||39||7||23||8||2301||135||0||3.52|
|1960–61||New York Rangers||NHL||59||20||29||8||3473||190||1||3.28|
|1961–62||New York Rangers||NHL||60||22||27||9||3531||172||2||2.92|
|1962–63||New York Rangers||NHL||67||22||34||10||3980||217||2||3.27|
|1969–70||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||8||5||1||1||453||20||1||2.65|
|1970–71||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||24||4||10||8||1369||57||0||2.50|
|1971–72||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||34||16||10||7||1923||68||2||2.12|
|1972–73||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||12||6||2||3||624||30||0||2.88|
|1973–74||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||29||8||14||5||1601||86||0||3.22|
|1948-49||Montreal St. Francis Xavier||MMJHL||5||2||3||310||16||0||3.10|
|1949-50||New York Rovers||EAHL||12||8||2||720||27||1||2.25|
|1950-51||St. Paul Saints||USHL||4||1||3||257||9||0||2.19|
|1955-56||New York Rangers||NHL||3||0||3||190||14||0||4.67|
|1956-57||New York Rangers||NHL||5||1||4||316||21||0||3.99|
|1957-58||New York Rangers||NHL||6||2||4||365||28||0||4.60|
|1961-62||New York Rangers||NHL||6||2||4||384||21||0||3.28|
|1969-70||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||3||1||2||180||14||0||4.67|
|1970-71||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||4||3||1||240||13||0||3.25|
|1971-72||Minnesota North Stars||NHL||4||2||1||194||7||1||2.16|
- Hockey’s Book of Firsts, p.18, James Duplacey, JG Press, ISBN 978-1-57215-037-9
- Litsky, Frank (29 January 2007). "Gump Worsley, 77, Hall of Famer Who Won Four Titles, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- Toronto Star, Monday 25 November 1968, page 15
- "Gump Worsley". Legends of Hockey. The Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- Associated Press (28 January 2007). "Worsley, who helped Montreal to four Cups, dies at 77". ESPN. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- They Call Me Gump by Lorne "Gump" Worsley with Tim Moriarty
- The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Volume 3 by Charles L. Coleman
- The Complete Encyclopedia of Hockey edited by Zander Hollander
- Gump Worsley's career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database
- Gump Worsley's biography at Legends of Hockey
- Subject of The Weakerthans song, Elegy for Gump Worsley
|Winner of the Calder Trophy
and Terry Sawchuk
|Winner of the Vezina Trophy
with Charlie Hodge
and Glenn Hall
and Glenn Hall
|Winner of the Vezina Trophy
with Rogatien Vachon
and Jacques Plante