Calder Memorial Trophy

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Calder Memorial Trophy
SportIce hockey
Awarded forRookie of the Year in the National Hockey League
First award1936–37 NHL season
Most recentMatty Beniers
Seattle Kraken

The Calder Memorial Trophy is an annual award given "to the player selected as the most proficient in his first year of competition in the National Hockey League (NHL)." It is named after Frank Calder, the first president of the NHL. Serving as the NHL's Rookie of the Year award, this version of the trophy has been awarded since its creation for the 1936–37 NHL season. The voting is conducted by members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association at the conclusion of each regular season to determine the winner.


When the award was established in 1937, there were no requirements beyond that the winner be in his first year of competition in the NHL, and the winner was decided by League President Frank Calder himself.[1]

Currently, the eligibility requirements are that a player cannot have played more than 25 regular season games in any single preceding season, nor in six or more games in each of any two preceding regular seasons, in any major professional league.[2] The last requirement was implemented in 1979 to block Wayne Gretzky (who had played a single season in the World Hockey Association the year before) from winning the award.[3] After the Calder win of 31-year-old Sergei Makarov in 1991 (following the influx of Eastern Bloc players after the fall of the Soviet Union), the rules were further amended to require that winners be 26 years of age or younger.[4]

Further, the limitation is for regular season games only, exempting games played in the playoffs. This has led to aberrations such as Ken Dryden winning the Calder in 1972, despite leading the Montreal Canadiens to a Stanley Cup victory the season before, and winning the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoff MVP.


NHL president Red Dutton presenting the Calder Memorial Trophy to Gus Bodnar in 1944

The Calder Memorial Trophy is named in honour of Frank Calder, the former president of the National Hockey League (NHL) from its inception in 1917 to his death in 1943. Although Rookie of the Year honors were handed out beginning in 1932–33, the Calder Trophy was first presented at the conclusion of the 1936–37 NHL season.[5] Calder himself purchased a trophy each year to award to the winner.[6]

After Calder's death in 1943 a permanent trophy was cast, and it was renamed the Calder Memorial Trophy.[7]

The trophy has been won the most times by rookies from the Toronto Maple Leafs, who have won it on ten occasions, with the most recent being Auston Matthews in 2017.

Since the 1948 season, the voting is conducted at the end of the regular season by members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association, and each individual voter ranks their top five candidates on a 10–7–5–3–1 points system.[8] Three finalists are named and the trophy is awarded at the NHL Awards ceremony after the playoffs.


Positions key
C Centre
LW Left wing
D Defence
RW Right wing
G Goaltender
  Player is still active in the NHL
  Player is inducted in the Hockey Hall of Fame
Calder Memorial Trophy winners
Season Winner Team Position Age[a]
1932–33 Carl Voss Detroit Red Wings C 25
1933–34 Russ Blinco Montreal Maroons C 25
1934–35 Sweeney Schriner New York Americans LW 22
1935–36 Mike Karakas Chicago Black Hawks G 23
1936–37 Syl Apps Toronto Maple Leafs C 21
1937–38 Cully Dahlstrom Chicago Black Hawks C 24
1938–39 Frank Brimsek Boston Bruins G 24
1939–40 Kilby MacDonald New York Rangers LW 25
1940–41 Johnny Quilty Montreal Canadiens C 19
1941–42 Grant Warwick New York Rangers RW 19
1942–43 Gaye Stewart Toronto Maple Leafs RW 19
1943–44 Gus Bodnar Toronto Maple Leafs C 20
1944–45 Frank McCool Toronto Maple Leafs G 25
1945–46 Edgar Laprade New York Rangers C 25
1946–47 Howie Meeker Toronto Maple Leafs RW 21
1947–48 Jim McFadden Detroit Red Wings C 27
1948–49 Pentti Lund New York Rangers RW 22
1949–50 Jack Gelineau Boston Bruins G 24
1950–51 Terry Sawchuk Detroit Red Wings G 20
1951–52 Bernie Geoffrion Montreal Canadiens RW 20
1952–53 Gump Worsley New York Rangers G 23
1953–54 Camille Henry New York Rangers C 20
1954–55 Ed Litzenberger Chicago Black Hawks RW 22
1955–56 Glenn Hall Detroit Red Wings G 23
1956–57 Larry Regan Boston Bruins RW 26
1957–58 Frank Mahovlich Toronto Maple Leafs LW 19
1958–59 Ralph Backstrom Montreal Canadiens C 20
1959–60 Bill Hay Chicago Black Hawks C 23
1960–61 Dave Keon Toronto Maple Leafs C 20
1961–62 Bobby Rousseau Montreal Canadiens RW 21
1962–63 Kent Douglas Toronto Maple Leafs D 26
1963–64 Jacques Laperriere Montreal Canadiens D 21
1964–65 Roger Crozier Detroit Red Wings G 22
1965–66 Brit Selby Toronto Maple Leafs LW 20
1966–67 Bobby Orr Boston Bruins D 18
1967–68 Derek Sanderson Boston Bruins C 21
1968–69 Danny Grant Minnesota North Stars RW 23
1969–70 Tony Esposito Chicago Black Hawks G 26
1970–71 Gilbert Perreault Buffalo Sabres C 19
1971–72 Ken Dryden Montreal Canadiens G 24
1972–73 Steve Vickers New York Rangers LW 21
1973–74 Denis Potvin New York Islanders D 19
1974–75 Eric Vail Atlanta Flames LW 20
1975–76 Bryan Trottier New York Islanders C 19
1976–77 Willi Plett Atlanta Flames RW 21
1977–78 Mike Bossy New York Islanders RW 20
1978–79 Bobby Smith Minnesota North Stars C 20
1979–80 Ray Bourque Boston Bruins D 19
1980–81 Peter Stastny Quebec Nordiques C 24
1981–82 Dale Hawerchuk Winnipeg Jets C 18
1982–83 Steve Larmer Chicago Black Hawks RW 21
1983–84 Tom Barrasso Buffalo Sabres G 18
1984–85 Mario Lemieux Pittsburgh Penguins C 19
1985–86 Gary Suter Calgary Flames D 21
1986–87 Luc Robitaille Los Angeles Kings LW 20
1987–88 Joe Nieuwendyk Calgary Flames C 21
1988–89 Brian Leetch New York Rangers D 20
1989–90 Sergei Makarov Calgary Flames RW 31
1990–91 Ed Belfour Chicago Blackhawks G 25
1991–92 Pavel Bure Vancouver Canucks RW 20
1992–93 Teemu Selanne Winnipeg Jets RW 22
1993–94 Martin Brodeur New Jersey Devils G 21
1994–95 Peter Forsberg Quebec Nordiques C 21
1995–96 Daniel Alfredsson Ottawa Senators RW 22
1996–97 Bryan Berard New York Islanders D 19
1997–98 Sergei Samsonov Boston Bruins LW 19
1998–99 Chris Drury Colorado Avalanche C 22
1999–2000 Scott Gomez New Jersey Devils C 19
2000–01 Evgeni Nabokov San Jose Sharks G 25
2001–02 Dany Heatley Atlanta Thrashers RW 20
2002–03 Barret Jackman St. Louis Blues D 21
2003–04 Andrew Raycroft Boston Bruins G 23
2005–06 Alexander Ovechkin Washington Capitals LW 20
2006–07 Evgeni Malkin Pittsburgh Penguins C 20
2007–08 Patrick Kane Chicago Blackhawks RW 19
2008–09 Steve Mason Columbus Blue Jackets G 21
2009–10 Tyler Myers Buffalo Sabres D 20
2010–11 Jeff Skinner Carolina Hurricanes C 19
2011–12 Gabriel Landeskog Colorado Avalanche LW 19
2012–13 Jonathan Huberdeau Florida Panthers LW 19
2013–14 Nathan MacKinnon Colorado Avalanche C 18
2014–15 Aaron Ekblad Florida Panthers D 19
2015–16 Artemi Panarin Chicago Blackhawks LW 24
2016–17 Auston Matthews Toronto Maple Leafs C 19
2017–18 Mathew Barzal New York Islanders C 21
2018–19 Elias Pettersson Vancouver Canucks C 20
2019–20 Cale Makar Colorado Avalanche D 21
2020–21 Kirill Kaprizov Minnesota Wild LW 24
2021–22 Moritz Seider Detroit Red Wings D 21
2022–23 Matty Beniers Seattle Kraken C 20
  1. ^ Player's age at the time of award win
  2. ^ No winner because of the 2004–05 NHL lockout

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Coleman, Charles L. (1969). Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol. II. Sherbrooke, PQ: Progressive Publications Ltd. p. XXXII.
  2. ^ "NHL Calder Memorial Trophy Winners". National Hockey League. Retrieved 29 August 2023.
  3. ^ Klein, Jeff Z.; Reif, Karl-Eric (1987). The Klein and Reif Hockey Compendium. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart. p. 185. ISBN 0-7710-4528-X.
  4. ^ "NHL Calder Memorial Trophy Winners". National Hockey League. Retrieved 29 August 2023.
  5. ^ "Silverware: Calder Memorial Trophy". Legends Of Hockey. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 21, 2007.
  6. ^ "NHL Calder Memorial Trophy Winners". National Hockey League. Retrieved 29 August 2023.
  7. ^ "Calder Memorial Trophy". National Hockey League. Retrieved August 21, 2007.
  8. ^ Dolezar, Jon (April 20, 2003). "Foppa shows the most Hart". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 17, 2007.