Gyeongsun of Silla

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Gyeongsun of Silla
신라 경순왕
King of Silla
Reign927 – 935
Coronation927
PredecessorGyeongae of Silla
SuccessorTaejo of Goryeo
Born896
Unified Silla
Died978 (aged 81–82)
Kingdom of Goryeo
ConsortLady Jukbang
Princess Nakrang
Issue
Among others...
Crown Prince Maui
Queen Heonsuk
HouseHouse of Kim
FatherKim Hyo-Jong
MotherPrincess Gyea
ReligionBuddhism
Gyeongsun of Silla
Hangul
경순왕
Hanja
敬順王
Revised RomanizationGyeongsun wang
McCune–ReischauerKyŏngsun wang
Birth name
Hangul
김부
Hanja
金傅
Revised RomanizationGim Bu
McCune–ReischauerKim Pu

Gyeongsun of Silla (896 – 978) (r. 927–935) was the 56th and final ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.

Biography[edit]

A sixth-generation descendant of King Munseong, he was the son of Hyogong by Princess Gyea, who was the daughter of King Heongang. His wife was Lady Jukbang (죽방부인) of the Juksan Park clan, his eldest son crown prince Maui, and youngest son Beomgong.[1]

Gyeongsun was placed on the throne by the Hubaekje king Gyeon Hwon after the Hubaekje forces sacked Gyeongju in 927. The kingdom was already in an extremely weakened state, so Gyeongsun reigned over a tiny remnant of the former Silla territory until finally abdicating in favour of Taejo of Goryeo in 935. He remarried Taejo's daughter Princess Nangrang (낙랑공주) and was appointed sasim-gwan (사심관, inspector-general) of Gyeongju, becoming the first of Goryeo's sasim-gwan system. He lived out the remainder of his life near the Goryeo capital (modern-day Kaesong).[2]

He died in 978 and his tomb lies in Jangnam-myeon, Yeoncheon County, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.[2]

According to Samguk Sagi, Gyeongsun's son, Crown Prince Maui objected to his father's submission to Goryeo and became a hermit in Mount Kumgang.[3]

Family[edit]

  • Father: King Shinheung of Silla (신흥대왕)[4]
    • Grandfather: King Uiheung of Silla (의흥대왕)[5]
  • Mother: Grand Princess Gyea of the Gyeongju Kim clan (계아태후 김씨)
  • Consorts and their Respective Issue:
  1. Lady Jukbang of the Juksan Park clan (죽방부인 박씨)
    1. Kim Il, Crown Prince Maui (912 – ?) (김일 마의태자)
    2. Kim Deok-ji, Prince Beom (914 – ?) (김덕지 범공)
    3. Kim Myeong-jong, Prince Yeongbun (김명종 영분공)
    4. Queen Heonsuk of the Gyeongju Kim clan (헌숙왕후 김씨)
  2. Princess Nakrang of the Kaesong Wang clan (낙랑공주 왕씨)[6]
    1. Kim Eun-yeol, Prince Daean (김은열 대안군)
    2. Kim Seok, Prince Uiseong (김석 의성군)
    3. Kim Geon, Prince Gangreung (김건 강릉군)
    4. Kim Seon, Prince Eonyang (김선 언양군)
    5. Kim Chu, Prince Samcheok (김추 삼척군)
    6. Unnamed princess[7]
    7. Lady Sinran of the Gyeongju Kim clan (신란궁부인 김씨)[8]
  3. Princess Wang of the Kaesong Wang clan (공주 왕씨)[9]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Korean) King Gyeongsun at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  2. ^ a b (in Korean) King Gyeongsun at Doosan Encyclopedia
  3. ^ (in Korean) Crown Prince Ma-ui at Doosan Encyclopedia
  4. ^ Shinheung is a posthumous title, his real name was Kim Hyo-jong.
  5. ^ Uiheung is a posthumous title, his real name was Kim Sil-hong.
  6. ^ Daughter of Taejo of Goryeo and Queen Shinmyeongsunseong.
  7. ^ Later married Hwang Gyeong.
  8. ^ Later married Lee Geum-Seo.
  9. ^ Daughter of Taejo of Goryeo and Lady Seongmu of the Pyeongsan Park clan.
Gyeongsun of Silla
 Died: 978
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gyeongae
King of Silla
Silla
927–935
Succeeded by
none