Gyeongsun of Silla

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Gyeongsun of Silla
신라 경순왕
King Kyungsoon of Silla.jpg
King of Silla
Reign 927 – 935
Coronation 927
Predecessor Gyeongae of Silla
Successor Taejo of Goryeo
Born 896
Unified Silla
Died 978 (aged 82)
Kingdom of Goryeo
Consort Lady Jukbang
Princess Nakrang
Issue Crown Prince Maui
Queen Heonsuk
House House of Kim
Father Kim Hyo-Jong
Mother Princess Gyea
Religion Buddhism
Gyeongsun of Silla
Hangul 경순왕
Hanja 敬順王
Revised Romanization Gyeongsun wang
McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngsun wang
Birth name
Hangul 김부
Hanja 金傅
Revised Romanization Gim Bu
McCune–Reischauer Kim Pu
Monarchs of Korea
  1. Munmu 661–681
  2. Sinmun 681–691
  3. Hyoso 692–702
  4. Seongdeok 702–737
  5. Hyoseong 737–742
  6. Gyeongdeok 742–765
  7. Hyegong 765–780
  8. Seondeok 780–785
  9. Wonseong 785–798
  10. Soseong 798–800
  11. Aejang 800–809
  12. Heondeok 809–826
  13. Heungdeok 826–836
  14. Huigang 836–838
  15. Minae 838–839
  16. Sinmu 839
  17. Munseong 839–857
  18. Heonan 857–861
  19. Gyeongmun 861–875
  20. Heongang 875–886
  21. Jeonggang 886–887
  22. Jinseong 887–897
  23. Hyogong 897–912
  24. Sindeok 912–917
  25. Gyeongmyeong 917–924
  26. Gyeongae 924–927
  27. Gyeongsun 927–935

Gyeongsun of Silla (896 - 978) (r. 927–935) was the 56th and final ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.


A sixth-generation descendant of King Munseong, he was the son of Hyogong by Princess Gyea, who was the daughter of King Heongang. His wife was Lady Jukbang (죽방부인) of the Juksan Park clan, his eldest son crown prince Maui, and youngest son Beomgong.[1]

Gyeongsun was placed on the throne by the Hubaekje king Gyeon Hwon after the Hubaekje forces sacked Gyeongju in 927. The kingdom was already in an extremely weakened state, so Gyeongsun reigned over a tiny remnant of the former Silla territory until finally abdicating in favour of Taejo of Goryeo in 935. His abdication completed Taejo's unification of Korea. He remarried Taejo's daughter Princess Nangrang (낙랑공주) and was appointed sasim-gwan (사심관, inspector-general) of Gyeongju, becoming the first of Goryeo's sasim-gwan system. He lived out the remainder of his life near the Goryeo capital (modern-day Kaesong).[2]

He died in 978 and his tomb lies in Jangnam-myeon, Yeoncheon County, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.[2]

According to Samguk Sagi, Gyeongsun's son, Prince Ma-Ui objected to his father's submission to Goryeo and became a hermit in Mount Kumgang.[3]


  • Father: King Shinheung of Silla (신흥대왕)[4]
    • Grandfather: King Uiheung of Silla (의흥대왕)[5]
  • Mother: Grand Princess Gyea of the Gyeongju Kim clan (계아태후 김씨)
  • Consorts and their Respective Issue:
  1. Lady Jukbang of the Juksan Park clan (죽방부인 박씨)
    1. Kim Il, Crown Prince Maui (912 - ?) (김일 마의태자)
    2. Kim Deok-ji, Prince Beom (914 - ?) (김덕지 범공)
    3. Kim Myeong-jong, Prince Yeongbun (김명종 영분공)
    4. Queen Heonsuk of the Gyeongju Kim clan (헌숙왕후 김씨)
  2. Princess Nakrang of the Kaesong Wang clan (낙랑공주 왕씨)[6]
    1. Kim Eun-yeol, Prince Daean (김은열 대안군)
    2. Kim Seok, Prince Uiseong (김석 의성군)
    3. Kim Geon, Prince Gangreung (김건 강릉군)
    4. Kim Seon, Prince Eonyang (김선 언양군)
    5. Kim Chu, Prince Samcheok (김추 삼척군)
    6. Unnamed princess[7]
    7. Lady Sinran of the Gyeongju Kim clan (신란궁부인 김씨)[8]
  3. Princess Wang of the Kaesong Wang clan (공주 왕씨)[9]

In Popular culture[edit]

  • Shin Gwi-shik - Taejo Wang Geon (KBS, 2000-2002)
  • Lee Do-ryeon - The Dawn of the Empire (KBS, 2002-2003)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ (in Korean) King Gyeongsun at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  2. ^ a b (in Korean) King Gyeongsun at Doosan Encyclopedia
  3. ^ (in Korean) Crown Prince Ma-ui at Doosan Encyclopedia
  4. ^ Shinheung is a posthumous title, his real name was Kim Hyo-jong.
  5. ^ Uiheung is a posthumous title, his real name was Kim Sil-hong.
  6. ^ Daughter of Taejo of Goryeo and Queen Shinmyeongsunseong.
  7. ^ Later married Hwang Gyeong.
  8. ^ Later married Lee Geum-Seo.
  9. ^ Daughter of Taejo of Goryeo and Lady Seongmu of the Pyeongsan Park clan.
Gyeongsun of Silla
Died: 978
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Silla
Succeeded by