Hațeg

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Hațeg
Hațeg panorama
Hațeg panorama
Coat of arms of Hațeg
Coat of arms
Location in Hunedoara County
Location in Hunedoara County
Hațeg is located in Romania
Hațeg
Hațeg
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°36′27″N 22°57′0″E / 45.60750°N 22.95000°E / 45.60750; 22.95000Coordinates: 45°36′27″N 22°57′0″E / 45.60750°N 22.95000°E / 45.60750; 22.95000
Country Romania
CountyHunedoara
Government
 • MayorMarcel Goia[1] (PNL)
Area
64.33 km2 (24.84 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
9,685
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.HD
Websiteprimariehateg.ro
Prelucrare 3D pentru Hateg - Romania.jpg

Hațeg (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈhat͡seg]; German: Wallenthal; Hungarian: Hátszeg) is a town in Hunedoara County, Romania with a population of 9,340. Three villages are administered by the town: Nălațvad (Nalácvád), Silvașu de Jos (Alsószilvás), and Silvașu de Sus (Felsőszilvás). It is situated in the historical region of Transylvania.

History[edit]

In 1765, while part of the Habsburg controlled Principality of Transylvania, the settlement was completely militarised and integrated into the Second Border Company of the First Border Regiment from Orlat, until 1851, when that unit was disbanded.

Geology[edit]

Țara Hațegului (the Hațeg Country) is the region around the town of Hațeg. The fossils found in the Hațeg area span over 300 million years of Earth's geologic history, showing tropical coral reefs and volcanic island in the Tethys Sea, dinosaurs, primitive mammals, birds, and flying reptiles (such as Hatzegopteryx, which was named for the region).

Hațeg Island was an island during the Cretaceous Period where a dwarf species of sauropod dinosaur, Magyarosaurus dacus, lived until their extinction at the end of the Cretaceous. Baron Franz Nopcsa published articles about these Mesozoic-era archosaurs on Hațeg Island. His studies led to his theory of insular dwarfism, the notion that "limited resources" on small islands can lead to a down-sizing of the indigenous vertebrate animals.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1912 3,124—    
1930 3,383+8.3%
1948 3,210−5.1%
1956 3,853+20.0%
1966 5,631+46.1%
1977 8,423+49.6%
1992 11,616+37.9%
2002 12,507+7.7%
2011 9,685−22.6%
Source: Census data

Natives[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ Csikia, Z.; M. J. Bentonb (2010). "An island of dwarfs — Reconstructing the Late Cretaceous Hațeg palaeoecosystem". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 293 (3–4): 265–270. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.05.032.

External links[edit]