Hallie Quinn Brown
|Hallie Quinn Brown|
March 10, 1849|
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
|Died||September 16, 1949
Wilberforce, Ohio, United States
|Occupation||Educator, writer, activist|
Brown was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, one of six children. Her parents, Frances Jane Scroggins and Thomas Arthur Brown, were freed slaves. She attended Wilberforce University in Ohio, gaining a Bachelor of Science degree. Her brother, Jeremiah, later became a politician in Ohio. Brown graduated from Wilberforce in 1873 and then taught in schools in Mississippi and South Carolina.
She became a professor at Wilberforce in 1893, and was a frequent lecturer on African American issues and the temperance movement, speaking at the international Woman's Christian Temperance Union conference in London in 1895 and representing the United States at the International Congress of Women in London in 1899.
In 1893, Brown presented a paper at the World's Congress of Representative Women in Chicago. In addition to Brown, four more African American women presented at the conference: Anna Julia Cooper, Fannie Barrier Williams, Fanny Jackson Coppin, and Sarah Jane Woodson Early.
Brown was a founder of the Colored Woman's League of Washington, D.C., which in 1894 merged into the National Association of Colored Women. She was president of the Ohio State Federation of Colored Women's Clubs from 1905 until 1912, and of the National Association of Colored Women from 1920 until 1924. She spoke at the Republican National Convention in 1924 and later directed campaign work among African American women for President Calvin Coolidge. Brown was inducted as an honorary member of Delta Sigma Theta.[when?]
- Bits and Odds: A Choice Selection of Recitations (1880)
- First Lessons in Public Speaking (1920)
- Homespun Heroines and Other Women of Distinction, with introduction by Josephine Turpin Washington (1926)
- ^ Some sources give her birth year as 1850.
- Jackson, Errin. "Brown, Hallie Quinn (1850-1949)". BlackPast.org. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to Black History
- Homespun Heroines and Other Women of Distinction. Xenia, Ohio: Aldine Pub. Co., 1926.
- Kates, Susan. "The Embodied Rhetoric of Hallie Quinn Brown." College English 59:1 (Jan 1997): 59-71.
- Ohles, John F. (1978). Biographical dictionary of American educators, Volume 1. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 185. ISBN 0-8371-9893-3.
- Donawerth, Jane (2002). Rhetorical theory by women before 1900: an anthology. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 172. ISBN 0-7425-1717-9.
- Simmons, William J., and Henry McNeal Turner. Men of Mark: Eminent, Progressive and Rising. GM Rewell & Company, 1887. p113-117
- Hairston, Eric Ashley (2013). The Ebony Column. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-57233-984-2.
- Taylor, Julius F. "The Broad Ax". Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections. Retrieved June 18, 2015.