Elsie Janis (March 16, 1889 – February 26, 1956) was an American singer, songwriter, actress, and screenwriter. Entertaining the troops during World War I immortalized her as "the sweetheart of the AEF" (American Expeditionary Force).
Born Elsie Bierbower (or Beerbower) in Marion, Ohio, she first took to the stage at age 2. By age 11, she was a headliner on the vaudeville circuit, performing under the name "Little Elsie". As she matured, using the stage name Elsie Janis, she began perfecting her comedic skills.
Acclaimed by American and British critics, Janis was a headliner on Broadway and London. On Broadway, she starred in a number of successful shows, including The Vanderbilt Cup (1906), The Hoyden (1907), The Slim Princess (1911), and The Century Girl (1916).
Elsie performed at the grand opening of the Brown Theatre in Louisville, Kentucky, on October 5, 1925.
Janis also enjoyed a career as a Hollywood screenwriter, actor, and composer. She was credited with the original story for Close Harmony (1929) and as composer and production manager for Paramount on Parade (1930). She and director Edmund Goulding wrote the song "Love, Your Magic Spell Is Everywhere" for Gloria Swanson for her talkie debut film The Trespasser (1929). Janis's song "Oh, Give Me Time for Tenderness" was featured in the Bette Davis movie Dark Victory (1939), also directed by Goulding.
World War I
Janis was a tireless advocate for British and American soldiers fighting in World War I. She raised funds for Liberty Bonds. Janis also took her act on the road, entertaining troops stationed near the front lines – one of the first popular American artists to do so in a war fought on foreign soil. Ten days after the armistice she recorded for HMV several numbers from her revue Hullo, America, including Give Me the Moonlight, Give Me the Girl. She wrote about her wartime experiences in The Big Show: My Six Months with the American Expeditionary Forces (published in 1919), and recreated them in a 1926 Vitaphone musical short, Behind the Lines.
A new musical about this period of her life called Elsie Janis and the Boys, written by Carol J. Crittenden and composer John T. Prestianni, premiered under the direction of Charles A. Wallace as part of the Rotunda Theatre Series in the Wortley-Peabody Theater in Dallas, Texas, on August 15, 2014.
Janis maintained her private home, ElJan, on the east side of High Street in Columbus, Ohio, across the street from what was Ohio State University's "Ohio Field", the precursor to Ohio Stadium. Janis sold the house following her mother's death.
In 1932, Janis married Gilbert Wilson, who was sixteen years her junior. The couple lived in the Phillipse Manor section of Sleepy Hollow, New York, formerly named North Tarrytown, until Janis moved to the Los Angeles area of California where she lived until her death. Her final film was the 1940 Women in War co-starring Wendy Barrie and Peter Cushing.
For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Elsie Janis has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6776 Hollywood Blvd.
- The Caprices of Kitty (1915)
- Betty in Search of a Thrill (1915)
- Nearly a Lady (1915)
- 'Twas Ever Thus (1915)
- The Imp (1919)
- A Regular Girl (1919)
- Bobbed Hair (1925)
- Elsie Janis in a Vaudeville Act, “Behind the Lines,” Assisted by Men’s Chorus of the 107th Regiment (1926)
- Close Harmony (1929) (screenplay)
- Paramount on Parade (1930) (production supervisor)
- Madam Satan (1930) (music)
- The Squaw Man (1931) (screenplay)
- Women in War (1940)
- "Elsie Janis Is First NBC Woman Announcer" (PDF). Radio World. December 29, 1934. p. 22. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Great Stars of the American Stage by Daniel Blum c. 1952 Profile #69 (has full length version of 1906 photo)
- Rust, Brian, introduction to facsimile reprint of HMV catalogues 1914-18, David & Charles, Newton Abbot, ISBN 0-7153-6842-7
- Ancestry.ca; Board topic Timothy Sullivan...Retrieved September 23, 2014
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elsie Janis.|
- Works by Elsie Janis at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Elsie Janis at Internet Archive
- Elsie Janis on IMDb
- Elsie Janis at the Internet Broadway Database
- Elsie Janis at Find a Grave
- Extensive biographical site at Ohio State University
- Elsie Janis diaries, 1920-1928, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Elsie Janis, images held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- selected recordings by Elsie Janis at Internetarchive.org
- portrait of Elsie Janis from a play or early silent movie(moviecard)
- Elsie Janis: Broadway Photographs(Univ. of South Carolina)
- Elsie Janis with Willys Overland motorcar 1917